rule



 

 
Canto 10

Râdhikâshthakam

 

 

Chapter 27: Lord Indra and Mother Surabhi Offer Prayers

(1) S'rî S'uka said: 'After He had upheld the hill Govardhana to protect Vraja against the rains, from the world of the cows mother Surabhi [the celestial cow] came to Krishna. And so did Lord Indra. (2) Indra ashamed of having been offensive approached Him in a secluded place [*] and touched His feet with his helmet that shone like the sun. (3) Having heard about and having witnessed the power of Lord Krishna, whose immeasurable potency had put an end to his arrogance of being the lord of the three worlds, he with folded hands spoke as follows.

(4) Indra said: 'Your majesty, oh You abode of pure goodness, being of peace and the illumination of penance, You destroyed the passion and ignorance that was born from illusion. This continuous stream of the material qualities to which one is bound in one's attachment, is not present in You. (5) How oh Lord, can in You [as I supposed, see 10.25: 3] the causes be hidden of being entangled - the greed and such matters - that symptomize an ignorant person? Are You not the Supreme Lord who in defense of the dharma exercises Your authority to chastise the wicked ones? (6)  You are the father and the guru of the entire universe, the Original Lord and the insurmountable Time who, when You by Your own decision assume Your transcendental forms, strives to be the authority to eradicate the self-conceit of the ones who think they are the Lord of the Universe. (7) Ignorant souls like me who think they are the master of the universe do, the moment they see You fearless at the time [of confrontation], quickly abandon their arrogance. This happens when they, no longer being conceited because of Your lesson for the wicked ones, in full have taken to the path of gentlemen. (8) Therefore please forgive me oh Master who has assumed this form. Unaware of Your influence I because of my rulership bathed in arrogance. Being offensive my intelligence got bewildered. Please let my consciousness never again be that foul my Lord. (9) Your descent into this world, oh Lord of the Beyond, happened for the sake of the existence of those who serve Your lotus feet oh Godhead, and for the non-existence of warlords who - with the many disturbances they create - constitute a great burden. (10) I offer You my obeisances, the Supreme Lord and Original Personality, the great Soul S'rî Krishna, the son of Vasudeva. My respects for the Master of the Servants of the Absolute Truth. (11) My obeisances for Him who assumes physical forms in response to the desires of His devotees, for Him whose form is pure spiritual knowledge, who is the seed of all and everything and the indwelling Soul of all living beings. (12) Oh Lord when the sacrifice was frustrated I was fiercely arrogant and angry and wanted to destroy the cowherd community by means of rain and wind oh Supreme Lord. (13) You, oh Controller, showing Your mercy have shattered my rigidity and rendered my attempts fruitless. I came to You, the True Self and spiritual master, to seek Your shelter.'


(14) S'rî S'uka said: 'With Krishna this way being glorified by the munificent Indra, the Supreme Lord smiled and spoke, as grave as the clouds, the following words to him. (15) The Supreme Lord said: 'I have engaged in the arrest of your sacrifice to show you My mercy and to ensure that you, as the king of heaven who was so greatly intoxicated by the opulence, would remember Me forever. (16) He, who blinded by the intoxication of power and opulence, does not see Me standing with the rod in My hand, I, in the wish to promote him, will prepare a fall from his affluent position [see also B.G. 9: 22]. (17) Oh Indra, you may go now, I wish you all good fortune. Executing My order you may, free from false pride, remain engaged in your responsibilities.'
(18) Then mother Surabhi spoke to Krishna. Peaceful of mind offering her respects she together with her cows begged for the attention of the Supreme Lord who had appeared as a cowherd boy. (19) Mother Surabhi said: 'Krishna oh Krishna, oh Greatest Mystic! Oh Soul and Origin of the Universe, with You as the director of the world, we have found our master oh Infallible One. (20) You are our Supreme Godhead. Oh Lord of the Universe, can You, for the welfare of the cows, the brahmins and those who are godly and saintly, please be there as our Indra? (21) For You to be our Indra, we shall perform a bathing ceremony to the directions of Lord Brahmâ oh Soul of the Universe who descended to relieve the burden of the earth.'

(22-23) S'rî S'uka said: 'Lord Krishna was after this request by Surabhi bathed with her own milk. On the order of the mothers of the demigods [the daughters of Aditi] He was thereupon by Indra bathed with the heavenly Ganges water carried in Airâvata's trunk. He, the descendent of Das'arha, thus in the company of the enlightened souls and the seers received the name Govinda ['he who finds the cows']. (24)  Tumburu, Nârada and the others, the singers of heaven, the scholars, the perfected ones and the venerable ones came to that place and sang the glories of the Lord that eradicate the impurity of the world. The wives of the demigods danced together filled with joy. (25) He as the emblem of all the gods was praised and covered with wonderful showers of flowers. Everyone in the three worlds experienced a supreme satisfaction and the cows saturated the earth with their milk. (26) The rivers flooded with all kinds of liquids, the trees provided honey, the plants developed fully without being cultivated and the mountains produced jewels. (27) Oh [Parîkchit,] beloved one of the Kuru dynasty, when Lord Krishna had been bathed all living beings, even the ones that are vicious by nature [predators, false people], became free from enmity. (28) After Govinda, the master of the cows and the cowherd community, thus had been bathed by him, Indra took leave and returned to heaven surrounded by the gods and the others.'

 

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Third revised edition, loaded October 24, 2013.

 

 

 

 

 

Previous Aadhar edition and Vedabase links:

Text 1

S'rî S'uka said: 'After He had upheld the hill Govardhana to protect Vraja against the rains, from the world of the cows mother Surabhi [the celestial cow] came to Krishna. And so did Lord Indra.
S'rî S'uka said: 'After having held the hill Govardhana to protect Vraja against the rains came from the world of the cows mother Surabhi [the celestial cow] to Krishna as also Indra. (Vedabase)

 

Text 2

Indra ashamed of having been offensive approached Him in a secluded place [*] and touched His feet with his helmet that shone like the sun.

In seclusion [*] approached he Him ashamed of having been offensive and touched he His feet with his helmet that shone like the sun. (Vedabase)

 

Text 3

Having heard about and having witnessed the power of Lord Krishna, whose immeasurable potency had put an end to his arrogance of being the lord of the three worlds, he with folded hands spoke as follows.

Having heard of and witnessed the power of this Lord Krishna, whose immeasurable potency had put an end to his arrogance of being the lord of the three worlds, spoke he with folded hands as follows. (Vedabase)

 

Text 4

Indra said: 'Your majesty, oh You abode of pure goodness, being of peace and the illumination of penance, You destroyed the passion and ignorance that was born from illusion. This continuous stream of the material qualities to which one is bound in one's attachment, is not present in You.

Indra said: 'Your majesty of transcendental goodness being of peace and the illumination of penance destroyed the passion and ignorance born from illusion; in You is this continuous stream of the material qualities, to which one is bound being out of control, not present. (Vedabase)

 

Text 5

How oh Lord, can in You [as I supposed, see 10.25: 3] the causes be hidden of being entangled - the greed and such matters - that symptomize an ignorant person? Are You not the Supreme Lord who in defense of the dharma exercises Your authority to chastise the wicked ones?

How, o Lord, would there [in You, as I thought, see 10.25: 3] be the causes of being entangled - the greed and all of that - that symptomize an ignorant person; still You are the Supreme Lord who in defense of the dharma wields the rod to chastise the wicked! (Vedabase)

 

Text 6

You are the father and the guru of the entire universe, the Original Lord and the insurmountable Time who, when You by Your own decision assume Your transcendental forms, strives to be the authority to eradicate the self-conceit of the ones who think they are the Lord of the Universe.

The father, the guru, You are of the entire universe, the Original Controller and the Insurmountable Time of use as the rod, who, by Your own will taking up transcendental forms, endeavors to eradicate the self-conceit of the ones who imagine themselves to be the lord of the universe. (Vedabase)

   

Text 7

Ignorant souls like me who think they are the master of the universe do, the moment they see You fearless at the time [of confrontation], quickly abandon their arrogance. This happens when they, no longer being conceited because of Your lesson for the wicked ones, in full have taken to the path of gentlemen.

Fools like me who think themselves to be the master of the universe do, seeing You fearless at the time [of confrontation], quickly part of their arrogance, by Your lesson for the wicked indeed fully taking to the path of gentlemen no longer in this being puffed up. (Vedabase)

 

Text 8

Unaware of Your influence I because of my rulership bathed in arrogance. Being offensive my intelligence got bewildered. Therefore please forgive me oh Master who has assumed this form. Please let my consciousness never again be that foul my Lord.

You as such o Master, please therefore forgive me, who, unaware of Your influence, of his rulership bathed in arrogance and fell in offense with a foolish intelligence; let my consciousness thus never be so foul again o Lord. (Vedabase)

Text 9

Your descent into this world, oh Lord of the Beyond, happened for the sake of the existence of those who serve Your lotus feet oh Godhead, and for the non-existence of warlords who - with the many disturbances they create - constitute a great burden.

Your descent into this world, o Lord of the Beyond, is there for the existence of those who serve Your lotus feet o Godhead and for the nonexistence of warlords who with the many disturbances they give rise to constitute a great burden. (Vedabase)

 

 Text 10

I offer You my obeisances, the Supreme Lord and Original Personality, the great Soul S'rî Krishna, the son of Vasudeva. My respects for the Master of the Servants of the Absolute Truth.

My obeisances unto You, the Supreme Lord and Original Personality, the great Soul S'rî Krishna, the son of Vasudeva; my reverence for the Master of the Servants of the Absolute Truth. (Vedabase)

   

Text 11

My obeisances for Him who assumes physical forms in response to the desires of His devotees, for Him whose form is pure spiritual knowledge, who is the seed of all and everything and the indwelling Soul of all living beings.

For Him my obeisances who to the desires of the ones belonging to Him assumes bodies, whose form is the purest spiritual knowledge and who is the seed of all and everything and the indwelling soul of all living beings. (Vedabase)

 

Text 12

Oh Lord when the sacrifice was frustrated I was fiercely arrogant and angry and wanted to destroy the cowherd community by means of rain and wind oh Supreme Lord.

O Lord when the sacrifice was frustrated was I fiercely arrogant and angry and endeavored I for the destruction of the cowherd community, o Supreme Lord, with rain and wind. (Vedabase)

 

Text 13

You, oh Controller, showing Your mercy have shattered my rigidity and rendered my attempts fruitless. I came to You, the True Self and spiritual master, to seek Your shelter.'

You, o Controller showing Your mercy have shattered my rigidity and rendered my attempt fruitless; to You, the true self and spiritual master, I have come to take shelter.' (Vedabase)

 

Text 14

S'rî S'uka said: 'With Krishna this way being glorified by the munificent Indra, the Supreme Lord smiled and spoke, as grave as the clouds, the following words to him.

S'rî S'uka said: 'With Krishna this way glorified by the munificent Indra smiled the Supreme Lord at him and spoke He as grave as the clouds the following words. (Vedabase)

  

Text 15

The Supreme Lord said: 'I have engaged in the arrest of your sacrifice to show you My mercy and to ensure that you, as the king of heaven who was so greatly intoxicated by the opulence, would remember Me forever.

The Supreme Lord said: 'The arresting by Me of your sacrifice I engaged in to show you My mercy so that You, as the king of heaven so greatly intoxicated with the opulence, would remember me for ever. (Vedabase)

 

Text 16

He, who blinded by the intoxication of power and opulence, does not see Me standing with the rod in My hand, I, in the wish to promote him, will prepare a fall from his affluent position [see also B.G. 9: 22].

Him, who blinded of his power and wealth is conceited and does not see Me with the rod in My hand, will I, desirous to promote him, prepare a fall from his affluent position [see also B.G. 9: 22]. (Vedabase)

 

Text 17

Oh Indra, you may go now, I wish you all good fortune. Executing My order you may, free from false pride, remain engaged in your responsibilities.'

O you all of might, o Indra, all fortune to you, may you, executing my order, void of pretense soberly remain engaged in your responsibilities.' (Vedabase)

 

Text 18

Then mother Surabhi spoke to Krishna. Peaceful of mind offering her respects she together with her cows begged for the attention of the Supreme Lord who had appeared as a cowherd boy.

Then spoke mother Surabhi to Krishna who, peaceful of mind along with her cows begging His attention, offered her respects to the Lord who had appeared as a cowherd boy. (Vedabase)

 

Text 19

Mother Surabhi said: 'Krishna oh Krishna, oh Greatest Mystic! Oh Soul and Origin of the Universe, with You as the director of the world, we have found our master oh Infallible One.

Surabhi said: 'Krishna, o Krishna, o Greatest Mystic, o Soul and Origin of the Universe, with You, o director of the world, we have found our master, o Infallible One. (Vedabase)

 

Text 20

You are our Supreme Godhead. Oh Lord of the Universe, can You, for the welfare of the cows, the brahmins and those who are godly and saintly, please be there as our Indra?

You are our Supreme Godhead, You are our Indra, o Lord of the Universe, please be there for the welfare of the cows, the brahmins and those who are godly and saintly. (Vedabase)

 

Text 21

For You to be our Indra, we shall perform a bathing ceremony to the directions of Lord Brahmâ oh Soul of the Universe who descended to relieve the burden of the earth.'

For You as our Indra we shall perform a bathing ceremony as ordered by Lord Brahmâ, o Soul of the Universe, descended as You are to alleviate the burden of the earth.' (Vedabase)

 

Text 22-23

S'rî S'uka said: 'Lord Krishna was after this request by Surabhi bathed with her own milk. On the order of the mothers of the demigods [the daughters of Aditi] He was thereupon by Indra bathed with the heavenly Ganges water carried in Airâvata's trunk. He, the descendent of Das'arha, thus in the company of the enlightened souls and the seers received the name Govinda ['he who finds the cows'].

S'rî S'uka said: 'Thus pleading was Lord Krishna by Surabhi with her own milk and the Ganges water flowing from heaven carried by Airâvata's trunk, by Indra in the company of the enlightened and the seers and by the inspired mothers of the gods [the daughters of Aditi], bathed and was the descendent of Das'ara named Lord Govinda. (Vedabase)


Text 24

Tumburu, Nârada and the others, the singers of heaven, the scholars, the perfected ones and the venerable ones came to that place and sang the glories of the Lord that eradicate the impurity of the world. The wives of the demigods danced together filled with joy.

To that place came Tumburu, Nârada and the others, the singers of heaven, the scholars, the perfected and the venerable ones who sang the glories of the Lord that remove the contamination from the world while the wives of the demigods filled with joy danced together. (Vedabase)

 

Text 25

He as the emblem of all the gods was praised and covered with wonderful showers of flowers. Everyone in the three worlds experienced a supreme satisfaction and the cows saturated the earth with their milk.

He was praised and covered with wonderful showers of flowers as the emblem indeed of all the gods, after which the three worlds experienced supreme satisfaction with the cows overflowing the earth with their milk. (Vedabase)

 

Text 26

The rivers flooded with all kinds of liquids, the trees provided honey, the plants developed fully without being cultivated and the mountains produced jewels.

The rivers flooded with all kinds of liquids, the trees exuded honey, the plants ripened without cultivation and the mountains gave up jewels. (Vedabase)

 

Text 27

Oh [Parîkchit,] beloved one of the Kuru dynasty, when Lord Krishna had been bathed all living beings, even the ones that are vicious by nature [predators, false people], became free from enmity.

O beloved of the Kuru-dynasty, when Lord Krishna had been bathed became all those [predators, dishonest people] who, be it by nature, were vicious, my best, free from enmity. (Vedabase)

 

Text 28

After Govinda, the master of the cows and the cowherd community, thus had been bathed by him, Indra took leave and returned to heaven surrounded by the gods and the others.'

Thus having bathed Govinda, the master of the cows and the cowherd community was he [Indra] permitted to take leave and returned he surrounded by the gods and the others to heaven. (Vedabase)

 

*: The specific "solitary place" where Indra approached S'rî Krishna is mentioned by the sage S'rî Vais'ampâyana in the Hari-vams'a (Vishnu-parva 19.3): sa dadars'opavishtham vai govardhana-s'ilâ-tale. "He saw Him [Krishna] sitting at the base of Govardhana Hill".

 

 

 

 


Creative Commons License
The text and audio are offered under the conditions of the
Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 3.0 Unported License.
The painting is titled 'Indra paying homage to Krishna',
folio from a Bhagavata Purana, India, Madhya Pradesh, ca 1840.
courtesy
LACMA.
Production:
Filognostic Association of The Order of Time.

 

 

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