rule



 

 
Canto 10

S'rîta Kamala

 

 

Chapter 34: Sudars'ana Delivered and S'ankhacûdha Killed



(1) S'rî S'uka said: 'The gopas one day eager for God with bullock carts went on a trip into the Ambikâ forest. (2) There they took a bath in the Sarasvatî and worshiped with paraphernalia devotedly the mighty demigod Pas'upati [S'iva as the lord of the animals] and the goddess Ambikâ [*] oh King. (3) Respectfully donating cows, gold, clothing and sweet grains to all the brahmins, they prayed: 'devo nah prîyatâm' [may God be pleased with us]. (4) Following strict vows only drinking water [see 8.16] the highly blessed Nanda, Sunanda [Nanda's younger brother] and the others stayed that night on the bank of the Sarasvatî. (5) Some giant snake that was very hungry happened to live in that forest and slithering on his belly began to swallow the sleeping Nanda. (6) Seized by the python he shouted: 'Krishna, oh Krishna my dear boy, save this surrendered soul. This huge serpent is devouring me!' (7) Hearing his cries the gopas rose immediately and seeing what happened they perplexed took up firebrands to attack the snake. (8) The snake, despite being burned by the torches, did not release Nanda. But the Supreme Lord, the Master of the Devotees came and touched him with His foot. (9) The divine touch of the Supreme Lord's foot put an end to his badness. He gave up his snake body and next assumed a form that was worshiped by the Vidyâdharas [he was their leader]. (10) The Lord of the Senses then questioned the personality who, offering his obeisances and with his body adorned with a golden necklace, brilliantly shining stood before Him. (11) 'Who might you be who, shining so beautifully, are wonderful to behold? Tell Me what led to this terrible fate of having been forced to assume such a ghastly form [7.13: 11]?'

(12-13) The [erstwhile] serpent said: 'I am Sudars'ana, a certain Vidyâdhara well-known for his opulence and appearance. I used to wander all the directions in my celestial carrier. Because I, conceited about my appearance, ridiculed the sages who descended from Angirâ I, for my sin of deriding them, was made to assume this ugly form. (14) They, in their compassionate nature, with pronouncing their imprecation included the favor that all my viciousness would be destroyed after having being touched by the foot of the Master of All Worlds. (15) I beg You, that same person who for the surrendered souls are the remover of the fear of a material existence, oh You who by the touch of Your foot freed me from the curse, for Your permission [to return to my world] oh Destroyer of All Distress. (16) I am surrendered to You oh Greatest of All Yogis, oh Supreme Personality, oh Master of the Truthful Ones. Please command me oh Lord, oh Controller of all the Controllers of the Universe. (17) Seeing You I was immediately freed from the punishment of the brahmins oh Acyuta, oh You whose name being sung instantly purifies all those who may hear it as also the singer himself. How much more then, would it mean to be touched by Your foot?'

(18) Thus circumambulating Him and offering his obeisances, Sudars'ana took leave. He returned to heaven and Nanda was delivered from his awkward position. (19) The men of Vraja witnessing Krishna's personal display of power stood amazed. Thereupon they on the spot finished their duties [unto S'iva] and returned to the cowherd village oh King, [on their way] with reverence recounting what had happened.

(20) Some day thereafter [at Gaura-pûrnimâ so one says] Govinda and Râma, whose deeds are so wonderful, in the middle of the night were playing in the forest with the girls of Vraja. (21) Their glories were charmingly sung by the group of women bound in affection to Them, whose limbs were finely decorated and smeared, next to the garlands and the impeccable clothes they wore. (22) The two of Them [together with them] honored the nightfall with the appearance of the moon and the stars, the jasmine buds that with their fragrance intoxicated the enjoying bees and the breeze that transported the fragrance of the lotuses. (23) They both, for the mind and ears of all living beings, sang about the fortune, together from high to low producing the entire scale of notes that was available. (24) The gopîs who listened to Their singing, in their fascination did not notice oh ruler of man, that their dresses slipped and their hair and flowers got disheveled. (25) While the two thus were amusing Themselves to their heart's content, singing to the point of ecstasy, a servant of Kuvera arrived on the scene carrying the name S'ankhacûdha ['wealthy-crest']. (26) Right before their eyes oh King, he shamelessly drove the group of women away in the northern direction, while they were crying out to the Two they had chosen as their Lords. (27) Seeing that they who belonged to Them were seized by a thief like a couple of cows and were crying out 'Oh Krishna, oh Râma, help us!', the two brothers ran after them. (28) Calling 'Do not be afraid' They comforted them with Their words. They moved quickly with s'ala logs in Their hands and soon caught up with that worst specimen of all Yakshas who was speeding away with great haste. (29) When he saw the two approaching like Time and Death personified, he became afraid. In his confusion he left the women behind and ran for his life. (30) Govinda pursued him wherever he fled in order to rob him of his crest jewel, while Balarâma stayed behind to protect the women. (31) Overtaking him like it was nothing the Almighty Lord with His fist knocked off the crest jewel of the villain together with his head. (32) After thus having killed S'ankhacûdha He brought the shining jewel to His elder brother and handed it satisfied over to Him while the gopîs were watching.'

 

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Third revised edition, loaded December 15, 2013. 

 

   

 

 

Previous Aadhar edition and Vedabase links:

Text 1

S'rî S'uka said: 'The gopas one day eager for God with bullock carts went on a trip into the Ambikâ forest.
S'rî S'uka said: 'One day the gopas eager for God went on a trip with bullock carts going for the Ambikâ forest. (Vedabase)

 

Text 2

There they took a bath in the Sarasvatî and worshiped with paraphernalia devotedly the mighty demigod Pas'upati [S'iva as the lord of the animals] and the goddess Ambikâ [*] oh King.

There bathing in the Sarasvatî they worshiped with paraphernalia devout the mighty demigod Pas'upati [S'iva as the lord of the animals] and the goddess Ambikâ [*], o King. (Vedabase)

 

Text 3

Respectfully donating cows, gold, clothing and sweet grains to all the brahmins, they prayed: 'devo nah prîyatâm' [may God be pleased with us].

With respect donating cows, gold, clothing and mixed with honey sweet tasting grains to all the brahmins prayed they to that: 'devo nah priyatâm' [may God be pleased with us]. (Vedabase)

 

Text 4

Following strict vows only drinking water [see 8.16] the highly blessed Nanda, Sunanda [Nanda's younger brother] and the others stayed that night on the bank of the Sarasvatî.

To strict vows subsisting on water only [see 8.16] stayed the highly blessed Nanda, Sunanda [Nanda's younger brother] and the others that night on the bank of the Sarasvatî. (Vedabase)

 

Text 5

Some giant snake that was very hungry happened to live in that forest and slithering on his belly began to swallow the sleeping Nanda.

Some giant snake in that vicinity most hungry happened to go there slithering on his belly to swallow Nanda. (Vedabase)

 

Text 6

Seized by the python he shouted: 'Krishna, oh Krishna my dear boy, save this surrendered soul. This huge serpent is devouring me!'

He, seized by the python, shouted: 'Krishna, o Krishna, my dear boy, save this surrendered soul, this huge serpent is devouring me!' (Vedabase)

 

Text 7

Hearing his cries the gopas rose immediately and seeing what happened they perplexed took up firebrands to attack the snake.

Upon hearing his cries rose the gopas immediately and seized they, perplexed to see the snake, firebrands to attack him. (Vedabase)

 

Text 8

The snake, despite being burned by the torches, did not release Nanda. But the Supreme Lord, the Master of the Devotees came and touched him with His foot.

Despite being burned by the torches did the snake not release him but then came the Supreme Lord, the master of the devotees and touched him with His foot. (Vedabase)

   

Text 9

The divine touch of the Supreme Lord's foot put an end to his badness. He gave up his snake body and next assumed a form that was worshiped by the Vidyâdharas [he was their leader].

And verily was by the divine touch of the Supreme Lord His foot that badness killed and could from the snakes body being forsaken a by the Vidyâdharas worshiped form [their leader thus] be seen. (Vedabase)


Text 10

The Lord of the Senses then questioned the personality who, offering his obeisances and with his body adorned with a golden necklace, brilliantly shining stood before Him.

The Lord of the Senses then questioned that personality who, head down, with his body adorned with a golden necklace, brilliantly shining stood before Him. (Vedabase)

 

Text 11

'Who might you be who, shining so beautifully, are wonderful to behold? Tell Me what led to this terrible fate of having been forced to assume such a ghastly form [7.13: 11]?'

'Who might you be so most beautifully shining and wondrous to see? Tell Me what led to this terrible destination of having been forced to assume such a ghastly form [7.13: 11]? (Vedabase)

   

 Text 12-13

The [erstwhile] serpent said: 'I am Sudars'ana, a certain Vidyâdhara well-known for his opulence and appearance. I used to wander all the directions in my celestial carrier.  Because I, conceited about my appearance, ridiculed the sages who descended from Angirâ I, for my sin of deriding them, was made to assume this ugly form.

The [erstwhile] serpent said: 'I am Sudars'ana, a certain Vidyâdhara well-known for his opulence and appearance, who used to wander the directions in his celestial carrier. Vainglorious having laughed at the sages born of Angirâ was I for my sin of deriding them made to assume this ugly form. (Vedabase)

 

Text 14

They, in their compassionate nature, with pronouncing their imprecation included the favor that all my viciousness would be destroyed after having being touched by the foot of the Master of All Worlds.

They so compassionate of nature for sure with their pronouncing the imprecation have prepared me a blessing since I so, being touched by the foot of the Master of All Worlds, had all my viciousness destroyed. (Vedabase)

 

Text 15

I beg You, that same person who for the surrendered souls are the remover of the fear of a material existence, oh You who by the touch of Your foot freed me from the curse, for Your permission [to return to my world] oh Destroyer of All Distress.

You, the same person who for the surrendered art the Remover of the fear of a material existence, I beg for Your permission [of being allowed to return to my world], o You who by the touch of Your foot freed me from the curse, o Destroyer of All Distress. (Vedabase)

 

Text 16

I am surrendered to You oh Greatest of All Yogis, oh Supreme Personality, oh Master of the Truthful Ones. Please command me oh Lord, oh Controller of all the Controllers of the Universe.

I am surrendered to You o Greatest of All Yogîs, o Supreme Personality, o Master of the Truthful, please be my command o God, o Controller of all Controllers of the Universe. (Vedabase)

 

Text 17

Seeing You I was immediately freed from the punishment of the brahmins oh Acyuta, oh You whose name being sung instantly purifies all those who may hear it as also the singer himself. How much more then, would it mean to be touched by Your foot?'

Seeing You I was immediately freed from the punishment of the brahmins, o You Acyuta, whose name being sung the very instant purifies all hearers as well as indeed the singer himself; and what more then would it mean to be touched by Your foot?' (Vedabase)

 

Text 18

Thus circumambulating Him and offering his obeisances, Sudars'ana took leave. He returned to heaven and Nanda was delivered from his awkward position.

Thus circumambulating offering his obeisances received Sudars'ana permission to leave His presence so that he could go to heaven and was Nanda delivered from his predicament. (Vedabase)

 

Text 19

The men of Vraja witnessing Krishna's personal display of power stood amazed. Thereupon they on the spot finished their duties [unto S'iva] and returned to the cowherd village oh King, [on their way] with reverence recounting what had happened.

To witness that personal display of Krishna's power boggled the minds of the men of Vraja who next at the place finishing their vows turned back to the cowherd village, o King, with reverence recounting [on their way] what had happened. (Vedabase)

 

Text 20

Some day thereafter [at Gaura-pûrnimâ so one says] Govinda and Râma, whose deeds are so wonderful, in the middle of the night were playing in the forest with the girls of Vraja.

Some day thereafter [at Gaura-pûrnimâ one says] were Govinda and Râma, whose deeds are so wonderful, in the middle of the night in the forest playing with the girls of Vraja. (Vedabase)

 

Text 21

Their glories were charmingly sung by the group of women bound in affection to Them, whose limbs were finely decorated and smeared, next to the garlands and the impeccable clothes they wore.

Their glories were with charm sung by the womenfolk bound in affection to Them, with their limbs finely decorated and smeared, their garlands and their clothes impeccable. (Vedabase)

 

Text 22

The two of Them [together with them] honored the nightfall with the appearance of the moon and the stars, the jasmine buds that with their fragrance intoxicated the enjoying bees and the breeze that transported the fragrance of the lotuses.

Earlier that evening honored the both of Them the moon risen, the stars, the jasmine buds with their fragrance intoxicating the bees mad thereafter and the breeze from the lotuses. (Vedabase)

 

Text 23

They both, for the mind and ears of all living beings, sang about the fortune, together from high to low producing the entire scale of notes that was available.

The two sang to the mind and ears of all living beings of the happiness, together producing high and low the entire scale of notes available. (Vedabase)

 

Text 24

The gopîs who listened to Their singing, in their fascination did not notice oh ruler of man, that their dresses slipped and their hair and flowers got disheveled.

The gopîs hearing their singing stunned didn't notice, o ruler of man, how their dresses slipped and their hair and flowers got disheveled. (Vedabase)

 

Text 25

While the two thus were amusing Themselves to their heart's content, singing to the point of ecstasy, a servant of Kuvera arrived on the scene carrying the name S'ankhacûdha ['wealthy-crest'].

As the two thus to their hearts content were amusing Themselves singing to the point of ecstasy, arrived a servant of Kuvera at the scene named S'ankhacûda ['wealthy-crest']. (Vedabase)

 

Text 26

Right before their eyes oh King, he shamelessly drove the group of women away in the northern direction, while they were crying out to the Two they had chosen as their Lords.

Right before their eyes, o King, drove he the assemblage of women who had Them for their Lords, dauntless under their cries in the northern direction. (Vedabase)

 

Text 27

Seeing that they who belonged to Them were seized by a thief like a couple of cows and were crying out 'Oh Krishna, oh Râma, help us!', the two brothers ran after them.

Seeing the ones belonging to them like a couple of cows being seized by a thief and crying 'Krishna, o Râma, help us!', sped the two brothers after them. (Vedabase)


Text 28

Calling 'Do not be afraid' They comforted them with Their words. They moved quickly with s'ala logs in Their hands and soon caught up with that worst specimen of all Yakshas who was speeding away with great haste.

 No previous version - (Vedabase)


Text 29

When he saw the two approaching like Time and Death personified, he became afraid. In his confusion he left the women behind and ran for his life.

He seeing the two like Time and Death approaching got afraid and confused left he the woman behind to run for his life. (Vedabase)

 

Text 30

Govinda pursued him wherever he fled in order to rob him of his crest jewel, while Balarâma stayed behind to protect the women.

Govinda out for his crest jewel ran after him wherever he fled, while Balarâma stayed to protect the women. (Vedabase)

 

Text 31

Overtaking him like it was nothing the Almighty Lord with His fist knocked off the crest jewel of the villain together with his head.

Overtaking him like nothing blew He, the Almighty Lord, with His fist simply his crest jewel off together with his head. (Vedabase)

 

Text 32

After thus having killed S'ankhacûdha He brought the shining jewel to His elder brother and handed it satisfied over to Him while the gopîs were watching.'

Thus having killed S'ankhacûda took He the shining jewel to His elder brother and gave He, with the gopîs watching, it satisfied to Him. (Vedabase)

 

*: Ambikâ means mother, good woman, a name scripturally associated with the femininity of Ûma and Pârvatî in relation to Skanda, S'iva or Rudra, as a term of respect. Ambikâvana is found in the Gujarat province, near the city of Siddhapura. S'rîla Vis'vanâtha Cakravartî Thhâkura quotes authorities here who claim that Ambikâvana is situated at the bank of the Sarasvatî river [that does not exist any longer] and is found northwest of Mathurâ. Ambikâvana is notable for its deities of S'rî S'iva and his wife, the goddess Ûma.

 

 

 

 


Creative Commons License
The text and audio are offered under the conditions of the
Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 3.0 Unported License.
The first painting is titled: 'The Python Swallows Nanda (Recto), Singeing of the Python (Verso)'.
Folio from a Bhagavata Purana (Ancient Stories of the Lord). India, Rajasthan, Mewar, South Asia, circa 1600-1650.
Courtesy
LACMA.
The second painting is by B.K Mitra.
Production:
Filognostic Association of The Order of Time.

 

 

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