rule



 

 

Canto 10

S'rî Krishna Caitanya

 

 


Chapter 80: An Old Brahmin Friend Visits Krishna

(1) The honorable king said: 'My lord, I would like to hear oh master, what valorous deeds there are more of Lord Krishna, the Supreme Soul of Unlimited Powers. (2) How can anyone who is disgusted with running after material desires and knows the essence oh brahmin, desist from listening to the transcendental topics of the Lord Hailed in the Scriptures after repeatedly having heard them? (3) The actual power of speech is the one describing His qualities, the hands that really work are the ones that do His work, the true mind is the mind remembering Him as dwelling with the mobile and immobile living beings, and the ear that actually hears is the ear turned to His sanctifying topics [compare 2.3: 20-24]. (4) It is about the head that bows to both of His manifestations [among the mobile and immobile beings], about the eye that sees Him only and about the limbs that regularly honor the water that washed the feet of Vishnu or His devotees'."

(5) Sûta [1.2: 1] said: "After Vishnurâta [Parîkchit as being Vishnu-sent] had asked this question, he was addressed by the powerful sage, the son of Vyâsa whose heart was fully absorbed in Vâsudeva. (6) S'rî S'uka said: 'There was a certain friend of Krishna [called Sudâmâ, not the same one as mentioned in 10.41: 43], a brahmin well versed in the Vedas, who, peaceful of mind and in control of his senses, was detached from the sense objects. (7) As a householder he subsisted on that what came of its own accord. His wife was, just like him, poorly dressed and emaciated of hunger. (8) Distressed by the poverty she, with her face dried up and trembling legs, faithful to her husband, approached him and said: (9) 'Is it not so oh brahmin, oh master of devotion, that the Husband of S'rî is your friend and that that best one of the Sâtvatas is filled with compassion for the brahmins and is willing to give them shelter? (10) Please approach Him, my most gracious man, for He, the Ultimate Shelter of the Saintly Souls, will then provide you with abundant wealth because you have such a hard time maintaining your family. (11) If the Lord of the Bhojas, Vrishnis and Andhakas who is now present in Dvârakâ, even gives Himself to a person [just] remembering His lotus feet, then what would the Spiritual Master of the Universe not do for people of worship who are not so much interested in economic success and sensual gratification?'



(12-13) The brahmin who thus repeatedly in various ways was entreated by his wife then thought: 'The sight of Uttamas'loka is indeed the highest attainment.' He took the decision to visit Him and asked her: 'If there is anything in the house that I can bring as a gift my good woman, please give it to me!' (14) She begged with the other brahmins for four fists of husked and parched rice, wrapped it in a piece of cloth and gave it to her husband to bring as a gift.

(15) He, the best of the scholars, took it with him and on his way to Dvârakâ wondered: 'How will I ever get this audience with Krishna?' (16-17) Together with a couple of local brahmins the scholar passed three gates and guard stations and walked between the houses of Acyuta's faithful followers, the Andakas and Vrishnis. One normally could not go there and so he felt as if he had attained the bliss of the Pure Spirit. He next entered one of the opulent sixteen thousand residences of the Lord's queens [*]. (18) Acyuta who sat on His consort's bed, saw him from a distance, immediately rose and came forward to close him gladly in His arms. (19) The Lotus-eyed One in touch with the body of His dear friend, the wise brahmin, extremely ecstatic released affectionately some teardrops from His eyes. (20-22) Having him seated on the bed He fetched some items to honor His friend and washed his feet. The Supreme Lord of All the Worlds took the water on His head oh King. Then the Purifier anointed him with divinely fragrant sandalwood and aloe-wood [lignaloes or aguru] paste and kunkuma. He gladly honored His friend with aromatic incense and series of lamps and offered him bethel nut and a cow. Next He spoke a word of welcome. (23) The goddess [Rukminî] was personally of service by carefully fanning with a yak's tail the dirty and poorly dressed, emaciated twice-born soul, whose veins could be seen. (24) The people in the palace thus seeing Krishna engaged in His spotless reputation, were amazed about the intense love with which the unkempt looking soul [the avadhûta] was honored: (25-26) 'What pious deeds has he performed, this unwashed, condemned and lowly mendicant deprived of all prosperity in the world? How can he with reverence be served by the Spiritual Master of the Three Worlds who is the abode of S'rî? Leaving the goddess sitting on her bed He embraced him as an older brother!'



(27) Taking hold of each other's hands oh King, they discussed the charming topics of the past when they together lived in the school of their spiritual master [see 10.45: 31-32]. (28) The Supreme Lord said: 'Oh brahmin, after the guru received his remuneration from you and you returned [home] oh knower of the dharma, did you marry a suitable wife or not? (29) With your mind occupied by household affairs, you were not driven by desires and I also know that you do not take much pleasure oh wise soul, in the pursuit of material happiness. (30) Some people perform their worldly duties without being disturbed by desires in their minds. Acting to set an example as I do, they shake off the propensities that naturally arise. (31) Do you, oh brahmin, still remember our stay in the gurukula? It is there that a twice-born soul learns to understand what needs to be known and thus manages to transcend his ignorance. (32) One is born twice my dear friend: after first being born materially one [secondly] manifests through a spiritual master, a bestower of spiritual knowledge like Myself, who teaches what the duties are for all spiritual orders [or stages of life, see âs'rama and 7.12]. (33) Among those engaged in the varnâs'rama system [see also B.G. 4: 13] in this world, they [who thus are twice born] are the expert knowers of the true welfare oh brahmin, for they cross over the ocean of material existence with the help of the words stemming from Me in the form of the spiritual master. (34) I, the Soul of All Beings, am not as satisfied by ritual worship, a new life, austerity or self-control as I am by faithful service to the spiritual master [compare 7.14: 17]. (35-36) Oh brahmin, do you still remember what we did, when we were living with our spiritual master, when we once by the wife of our guru were sent away to fetch firewood? Having entered a big forest oh brahmin, all out of season, a fierce harsh thundering wind arose with rain. (37) With the sun having set we, with all directions covered in darkness and with all the water around us, could neither recognize the direction nor high or low areas. (38) Constantly heavily besieged by the fierce wind and water in that flood, we did not know what way to go and in distress wandered through the forest holding each other's hands. (39) Our guru Sândîpani knew this and at sunrise set out to search for us, his disciples. The âcârya then found us suffering. (40) 'Oh you children, for my sake you have to suffer heavily! In your devotion for me you have disregarded that what is most dear to all living beings: the [comfort of your] body! (41) Well, this is what disciples should do to pay the debt to their spiritual master: being perfectly pure in their love, they must be willing to offer the spiritual master their very self and possessions. (42) I am satisfied with you my dear boys, oh best of the brahmins. May your desires be fulfilled and may in this world and the next your words, your mantras, never lose their attraction ['their freshness' compare 10.45: 48].' (43) Many things like this happened when we were living at the house of the guru. Only by the mercy of the spiritual master a person will find [spiritual] fulfillment and attain peace.'

(44) The brahmin said: 'What more is there for me to achieve in life oh God of Gods, oh Guru of the Universe, than to have lived together at the guru's house with You whose every desire is fulfilled? (45) Oh Almighty One, Your body, constituting the fertile field of all welfare, comprises the Absolute Truth that is celebrated [in the Vedas]. Your residing with spiritual masters is nothing but an extraordinary role-play [see also e.g. 10.69: 44 and 10.77: 30]!' 

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  Third revised edition, loaded November 18, 2014.

 

 

 

 

Previous Aadhar edition and Vedabase links:

Text 1

The honorable king said: 'My lord, I would like to hear oh master, what valorous deeds there are more of Lord Krishna, the Supreme Soul of Unlimited Powers.
The honorable king said: 'My lord, I would like to hear what more valorous deeds there are, o master, of Lord Krishna, the Supreme Soul of Unlimited Powers. (Vedabase)

 

Text 2

How can anyone who is disgusted with running after material desires and knows the essence oh brahmin, desist from listening to the transcendental topics of the Lord Hailed in the Scriptures after repeatedly having heard them?

Who indeed, disgusted with running after material desires knowing the essence, o brahmin, can desist, repeatedly having heard the transcendental topics of the Lord Hailed in the Scriptures? (Vedabase)

 

Text 3

The actual power of speech is the one describing His qualities, the hands that really work are the ones that do His work, the true mind is the mind remembering Him as dwelling with the mobile and immobile living beings, and the ear that actually hears is the ear turned to His sanctifying topics [compare 2.3: 20-24].

The actual power of speech is the one describing His qualities, the hands are the ones that do His work, the mind is the mind that remembers [Him] dwelling with the moving and unmoving, and what hears is the ear to His sanctifying topics [compare 2.3: 20-24]. (Vedabase)

 

Text 4

It is about the head that bows to both of His manifestations [among the mobile and immobile beings], about the eye that sees Him only and about the limbs that regularly honor the water that washed the feet of Vishnu or His devotees'."

It is the head that bows to both the manifestations [moving/nonmoving] of Him, it is the eye indeed that sees Him only, it are the limbs which regularly honor the water that washed the feet of Vishnu or His devotees'." (Vedabase)

 

Text 5

Sûta [1.2: 1] said: "After Vishnurâta [Parîkchit as being Vishnu-sent] had asked this question, he was addressed by the powerful sage, the son of Vyâsa whose heart was fully absorbed in Vâsudeva.

Sûta [1.2: 1] said: "Well questioned by Vishnurâta [Parîkchit as being Vishnu-sent] spoke the powerful sage, the son of Vyâsa fully absorbed in Vâsudeva, his heart. (Vedabase)

 

Text 6

S'rî S'uka said: 'There was a certain friend of Krishna [called Sudâmâ, not the same one as mentioned in 10.41: 43], a brahmin well versed in the Vedas, who, peaceful of mind and in control of his senses, was detached from the sense objects.

S'rî S'uka said: 'There was a certain friend of Krishna [called Sudâmâ, 'giving well', not the same as mentioned in 10.41: 43], a brahmin well versed in the Vedas, who peaceful of mind and in control with the senses was detached from the sense objects. (Vedabase)

     

Text 7

As a householder he subsisted on that what came of its own accord. His wife was, just like him, poorly dressed and emaciated of hunger.

Existing as a householder by what came on its own accord was his wife, just like him, poorly dressed and emaciated of hunger. (Vedabase)

 

 Text 8

Distressed by the poverty she, with her face dried up and trembling legs, faithful to her husband, approached him and said:

With her face dried up, distressed of the poverty all trembling, approached she, faithful to her husband, him and said: (Vedabase)

 

Text 9

'Is it not so oh brahmin, oh master of devotion, that the Husband of S'rî is your friend and that that best one of the Sâtvatas is filled with compassion for the brahmins and is willing to give them shelter?

'Isn't it, o brahmin, that your friend, o master of devotion, is the Husband of S'rî Compassionate with the Brahmins and as the best of the Sâtvatas is willing to give shelter? (Vedabase)

  

Text 10

Please approach Him, my most gracious man, for He, the Ultimate Shelter of the Saintly Souls, will then provide you with abundant wealth because you have such a hard time maintaining your family.

Approach Him, my most gracious, and He, the Ultimate Shelter of the Saintly, will give wealth in plenty to you suffering to maintain a family. (Vedabase)

 

Text 11

If the Lord of the Bhojas, Vrishnis and Andhakas who is now present in Dvârakâ, even gives Himself to a person [just] remembering His lotus feet, then what would the Spiritual Master of the Universe not do for people of worship who are not so much interested in economic success and sensual gratification?'

If the Lord of the Bhojas, Vrishnis and Andhakas now present in Dvârakâ, gives even Himself to the one who remembers the lotusfeet of Him, the Master of the Universe; what then of the, to the ones of worship, not so desirable of economic success and sensual gratification?' (Vedabase)

 

Text 12-13

The brahmin who thus repeatedly in various ways was entreated by his wife then thought: 'The sight of Uttamas'loka is indeed the highest attainment.' He took the decision to visit Him and asked her: 'If there is anything in the house that I can bring as a gift my good woman, please give it to me!'

The one of learning this way time and again by his wife extensively entreated thus thought: 'The sight of Uttamas'loka indeed is the highest attainment', and having made up his mind to go he asked her: 'Is there any gift in the house my good woman, please give it to me!' (Vedabase)

 

Text 14

She begged with the other brahmins for four fists of husked and parched rice, wrapped it in a piece of cloth and gave it to her husband to bring as a gift.

Begging four fists of husked and parched rice from the learned, she wrapped them in a piece of cloth and gave it as a gift to her husband. (Vedabase)

 

Text 15

He, the best of the scholars, took it with him and on his way to Dvârakâ wondered: 'How will I ever get this audience with Krishna?'

He, the best of the learned, taking them, went to Dvârakâ thinking: 'How will this audience with Krishna ever happen to me?' (Vedabase)

    

 Text 16-17

Together with a couple of local brahmins the scholar passed three gates and guard stations and walked between the houses of Acyuta's faithful followers, the Andakas and Vrishnis. One normally could not go there and so he felt as if he had attained the bliss of the Pure Spirit. He next entered one of the opulent sixteen thousand residences of the Lord's queens [*].

Passing with [some other] twice borns three gates and guard stations, walked he between the houses of Acyuta's faithful followers, the Andakas and Vrishnis, where one normally couldn't go and felt he, entering one of the opulent eighteen-thousand residences of the Lord His queens [*], as if he had attained the bliss of the Pure Spirit. (Vedabase)

 

Text 18

Acyuta who sat on His consort's bed, saw him from a distance, immediately rose and came forward to close him gladly in His arms.

Acyuta sitting on His consort's bed, seeing him from a distance immediately rose and came forward to close him gladly in His arms. (Vedabase)

 

Text 19

The Lotus-eyed One in touch with the body of His dear friend, the wise brahmin, extremely ecstatic released affectionately some teardrops from His eyes.

The Lotus-eyed One, in contact with His dear friend's saintly and wise body, extremely ecstatic released affectionately some teardrops from His eyes. (Vedabase)

 

Text 20-22

Having him seated on the bed He fetched some items to honor His friend and washed his feet. The Supreme Lord of All the Worlds took the water on His head oh King. Then the Purifier anointed him with divinely fragrant sandalwood and aloe-wood [lignaloes or aguru] paste and kunkuma. He gladly honored His friend with aromatic incense and series of lamps and offered him bethel nut and a cow. Next He spoke a word of welcome.

Next having him seated on the bed came He up with some items to honor his friend and wash his feet. The water took the Supreme Lord of All the Worlds on His head, o King, after which the Purifier anointed him with divinely fragrant sandalwood and aloe-wood [lignaloes or aguru] paste and kunkuma. Gladly worshiping His friend with aromatic incense and series of lamps, said He welcome, offering betelnut and a cow. (Vedabase)

 

Text 23

The goddess [Rukminî] was  personally of service by carefully fanning with a yak's tail the dirty and poorly dressed, emaciated twice-born soul, whose veins could be seen.

Carefully fanning with a yak's tail the dirty and poorly dressed emaciated twice-born, whose veins could be seen, was the goddess [Rukminî] personally of service. (Vedabase)

   

Text 24

The people in the palace thus seeing Krishna engaged in His spotless reputation, were amazed about the intense love with which the unkempt looking soul [the avadhûta] was honored:

The people in the palace seeing Krishna spotless in His glory, fell in amazement about the intense love with which he so repudiate [the avadûta] was honored: (Vedabase)

 

 Text 25-26

'What pious deeds has he performed, this unwashed, condemned and lowly mendicant deprived of all prosperity in the world? How can he with reverence be served by the Spiritual Master of the Three Worlds who is the abode of S'rî? Leaving the goddess sitting on her bed He embraced him as an older brother!'

'What pious deeds did he, this unclean, condemned and lowly mendicant, deprived of all prosperity in the world, perform to be served with reverence by the Spiritual Master of the Three worlds, the abode of S'rî. Sitting on her bed embraced He him as an elder brother leaving aside the goddess!' (Vedabase)

 

 Text 27

Taking hold of each other's hands oh King, they discussed the charming topics of the past when they together lived in the school of their spiritual master [see 10.45: 31-32].

Taking hold of each other's hands, o King, they discussed the topics of the past they sat together in the school of their spiritual master [see 10.45: 31-32]. (Vedabase)

 

 Text 28

The Supreme Lord said: 'Oh brahmin, after the guru received his remuneration from you and you returned [home] oh knower of the dharma, did you marry a suitable wife or not?

The Supreme Lord said: 'O brahmin, after the guru received his remuneration from you and, o knower of the dharma, you returned, did you marry a suitable wife or not? (Vedabase)

 

 Text 29

With your mind occupied by household affairs, you were not driven by desires and I also know that you do not take much pleasure oh wise soul, in the pursuit of material happiness.

With your mind occupied by household matters is it non-desire that drives you, neither, so I know to be true, do you take much pleasure, o wise one, in the pursuit of material happiness. (Vedabase)

 

 Text 30

Some people perform their worldly duties without being disturbed by desires in their minds. Acting to set an example as I do, they shake off the propensities that naturally arise.

Some people execute their worldly duties, in their minds not being disturbed by desires; just as I do to set an example, do they shake off the propensities that naturally rise. (Vedabase)

 

 Text 31

Do you, oh brahmin, still remember our stay in the gurukula? It is there that a twice-born soul learns to understand what needs to be known and thus manages to transcend his ignorance.

Do you, o brahmin, still remember our staying in the gurukula, from which a twiceborn person, understanding what needs to be known, experiences that what is transcendent to the ignorance? (Vedabase)


 Text 32

One is born twice my dear friend: after first being born materially one [secondly] manifests through a spiritual master, a bestower of spiritual knowledge like Myself, who teaches what the duties are for all spiritual orders [or stages of life, see âs'rama and 7.12].

The first birth of someone twice born, my friend, is this material life, that indeed under the direct supervision of a spiritual master, the bestower of spiritual knowledge who is as Myself, is sanctified [in a 'second birth'] by the duties he teaches for all spiritual orders [see as'râmas and 7.12]. (Vedabase)


 Text 33

Among those engaged in the varnâs'rama system [see also B.G. 4: 13] in this world, they [who thus are twice born] are the expert knowers of the true welfare oh brahmin, for they cross over the ocean of material existence with the help of the words stemming from Me in the form of the spiritual master.

For sure are of those engaged in the varnâs'rama system [see also B.G. 4.13] in this world they the expert knowers of the true welfare, o brahmin, who cross over the ocean of a material existence through the words of Me as the spiritual master. (Vedabase)

 

 Text 34

I, the Soul of All Beings, am not as satisfied by ritual worship, a new life, austerity or self-control as I am by faithful service to the spiritual master [compare 7.14: 17].

I, the Soul of All Beings, am not as satisfied by ritual worship, brahminical initiation, austerity or self-control as I am by faithful service [compare 7.14: 17]. (Vedabase)

 

 Text 35-36

Oh brahmin, do you still remember what we did, when we were living with our spiritual master, when we once by the wife of our guru were sent away to fetch firewood? Having entered a big forest oh brahmin, all out of season, a fierce harsh thundering wind arose with rain.

O brahmin, do you remember what we, living with our spiritual master, did when we once by the wife of our guru were sent to fetch firewood? Having entered a big forest arose, o twice born one, all out of season, a fierce harsh thundering wind and rain. (Vedabase)

 

 Text 37

With the sun having set we, with all directions covered in darkness and with all the water around us, could neither recognize the direction nor high or low areas.

With the sun having set overcome by darkness could with all the water around no direction, high or low land, be recognized. (Vedabase)

 

 Text 38

Constantly heavily besieged by the fierce wind and water in that flood, we did not know what way to go and in distress wandered through the forest holding each other's hands.

We, constantly heavily besieged by the great wind and water there, were in the flooding unable to make out which way to go and then, wandering distressed in the forest, held each other's hands. (Vedabase)

 

 Text 39

Our guru Sândîpani knew this and at sunrise set out to search for us, his disciples. The âcârya then found us suffering.

Knowing this did our guru Sândipâni, as the âcârya in search for us disciples at sunrise, find us in distress: (Vedabase)

 

 Text 40

'Oh you children, for my sake you have to suffer heavily! In your devotion for me you have disregarded that what is most dear to all living beings: the [comfort of your] body!

'Oh you children, how much have you suffered for our sake; in disregard of the body that indeed to all living beings is most dear, were you dedicated to me! (Vedabase)

 

 Text 41

Well, this is what disciples should do to pay the debt to their spiritual master: being perfectly pure in their love, they must be willing to offer the spiritual master their very self and possessions.

For certain is this alone the truth to be respected by disciples: to repay, perfectly pure in one's love, one's debt to the guru offering the spiritual master one's self and one's property. (Vedabase)

 

 Text 42

I am satisfied with you my dear boys, oh best of the brahmins. May your desires be fulfilled and may in this world and the next your words, your mantras, never lose their attraction ['their freshness' compare 10.45: 48].'

Satisfied I am, my dear ones, o best of brahmins, may your desires be fulfilled and may in this world as well as in the next that what evolves from your attraction [your words, your mantras] never fade [compare 10.45: 48]. (Vedabase)

 

 Text 43

Many things like this happened when we were living at the house of the guru. Only by the mercy of the spiritual master a person will find [spiritual] fulfillment and attain peace.'

There were many things like this when we were living in the home of the guru; simply by the mercy of the spiritual master is a person fulfilled in his quest for peace.' (Vedabase)

 

 Text 44

The brahmin said: 'What more is there for me to achieve in life oh God of Gods, oh Guru of the Universe, than to have lived together at the guru's house with You whose every desire is fulfilled?

The brahmin said: 'What have we not achieved, o God of Gods, o Guru of the Universe, when I was living at the guru's house with You whose all desires are fulfilled. (Vedabase)

 

 Text 45

Oh Almighty One, Your body, constituting the fertile field of all welfare, comprises the Absolute Truth that is celebrated [in the Vedas]. Your residing with spiritual masters is nothing but an extraordinary role-play [see also e.g. 10.69: 44 and 10.77: 30]!' 

O Almighty One within whose body, that is the fertile field of all welfare, is found the praise [the Veda's] relating to the Absolute Truth; Your residing with spiritual masters is all an imitation [see also e.g. 10.69: 44 and 10.77: 30]!' (Vedabase)

 

*: S'rîla Vis'vanâtha Cakravartî quotes from the Padma Purâna, Uttara-khanda, which says that the brahmin actually entered the palace of Rukminî: 'sa tu rukminy-antah-pura- dvâri kshanam tûshnîm sthitah'; 'He stood for a moment in silence at the doorway of Queen Rukminî's palace'.

 

 

 

 

Creative Commons License
The text and audio are offered under the conditions of the
Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 3.0 Unported License.
The first painting is titled: 'Sudama's wife urges him to seek Krishna's help', ca. 1775 - ca. 1790, © Victoria & Albert Museum.
The second picture is called: 'Krishna welcomes Sudama', Bhagavata Purana, 17th century, India,17th century
@Public domain, Source:
Smithsonian Freer Sackler Gallery".
Production:
Filognostic Association of The Order of Time.


 

 

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