rule



 

 

Canto 10

Mahâmantra 2

 

 

Chapter 81: The Brahmin Honored: Lord Krishna the Godhead of the Brahmins

(1-2) S'rî S'uka said: 'He, Bhagavân Krishna, the True Goal of the Devotees, the Lord Who Perfectly Knows the Minds of All Beings, in this manner conversing with this best one among the brahmins, then, in His dedication to the ones of learning, laughed and spoke with a smile and a loving glance to His dear friend. (3) The Supreme Lord said: 'What gift have you brought for Me from home oh brahmin? Even the slightest that in pure love is offered by devotees, turns into something immense for Me, whereas not even the greatest that is being presented by non-devotees pleases Me. (4) Whoever offers Me a leaf, a flower, a fruit and water with devotion, that offer brought from the heart by a soul of good habits I accept [same as in B.G. 9: 26].'

(5) But the twice-born soul thus being addressed, was too embarrassed with Him, the Husband of the Goddess of Fortune, bowed down his head and did not offer the few hands of rice grains oh King. (6-7) As the direct witness in the heart of all living beings fully cognizant of the reason why he had come, He thought: 'He worshiped Me in the past and never desired opulence. But because he, My friend, in order to keep his chaste and devoted wife happy, has come to Me now, I will give him riches not attainable for [even] the immortals [see also B.G. 9: 22].' (8) With that in mind He Himself from under the garment of the twice-born one snatched away the rice grains that were tied in a bundle and said: 'What is this? (9) Have you brought this for Me My dear friend? That gives Me the greatest pleasure! These rice grains satiate Me and the whole universe [that I am]!'



(10) Speaking thus He took a handful to eat and a second one, whereupon S'rî [Rukminî devî], devoted to Him, the One Supreme, seized His hand [for the beaten grains were hard to digest]. (11) 'That oh Soul of Each and Everyone, is enough to make a person wishing to satisfy You, prosper in this world and the next with all opulence available.'

(12) After to his satisfaction having drunk and eaten the brahmin spent that night in Acyuta's palace. He thought he had attained heaven. (13) The next day dear King, as he returned home, he was honored by Him, the Self-satisfied Maintainer of the Universe who made him happy as he walked along the path. (14) Even though he had received no wealth from Krishna and had been too embarrassed to ask for it himself, he on his way home was filled with joy about the audience he had with the Great One. (15) 'Ah, what a privilege it is to have witnessed the devotion of the Godhead of the Brahmins for the twice-born souls. He who carries Lakshmî in His chest embraced the poorest wretch! (16) Who am I? A destitute sinner! And who is Krishna? The temple of S'rî! And He, this friend of the brahmins, closed me in His arms! (17) He seated me on the bed of His consort like one of His brothers. Tired as I was, I was fanned by His queen holding a [yak-tail] hair fan. (18) Being served with sincerity with a massage for my feet and such, I was worshiped like a demigod by the God of Gods, the Godhead of the Scholars! (19) The worship of His feet is the root of all perfections and opulence that man in his emancipation may find in heaven, on earth and in the lower regions. (20) 'If this poor soul acquires opulence he, delighting in excess, will not remember Me', He must have thought in His grace, and thus did not grant me the slightest amount of wealth.'

(21-23) Thus lost in thought he arrived at the vicinity of his home. There he found himself placed before high rising palaces rivaling the sun, the fire and the moon. On all sides they were surrounded by wonderful courtyards and gardens swarming with hordes of cooing birds, ponds full of lilies and day and night blooming white lotuses. There were well adorned and ornamented men and women with deer-like eyes. 'What is this, whose place is this, how could this come about?' (24) This way paining his mind he was welcomed by the men and women with a luster like the demigods, who most fortunately loudly sang to instrumental music. (25) His wife, hearing that her husband had arrived, extremely jubilant quickly appeared excitedly from the house like she was the goddess of fortune manifesting herself from her abode. (26) Seeing the husband she was so devoted to, she solemnly held her head down embracing him within her heart with closed eyes filled with tears because of her eagerness and love. (27) He stood amazed at the sight of his wife who, shining in the midst of maidservants with golden lockets around their necks, radiated like a goddess in a vimâna. (28) Pleased he together with her entered his home that with its hundreds of gem-studded pillars resembled the palace of the great Indra. (29-32) There were ivory beds ornamented with gold [with bedding] white as foam and couches with golden legs, yak tail fans, golden chairs with soft cushions and canopies hung with strings of pearls. Seeing the sparkling clear quartz walls inlaid with precious emeralds as also the shining jeweled lamps and the women decorated with jewels, the brahmin, now free from worries with all the excessive opulence, reasoned about the cause of his unexpected prosperity: (33) 'This prosperity here, of me always so unlucky and poverty stricken, must be the consequence of the glance that He, the Best of the Yadus who is of the Greatest Opulence, has cast on me. (34) It is no doubt my Friend, the most exalted among the Das'arhas and Enjoyer of Unlimited Wealth, who, without saying a word, like a cloud [pouring rain] has given me this opulence when He, with me in His presence, noticed that I came begging. (35) After having accepted with pleasure a palmful of roasted rice that I brought, this very day He makes something insignificant of the great gift He gives and something great of the meager gift of a friend [like me]. (36) May there life after life, repeatedly be my love [sauhrida], friendship [sakhya], sympathy [maitrî] and servitude [dâsya] for Him, the Supremely Compassionate Reservoir of Transcendental Qualities, as also my adherence to the intimate association with His devotees. (37) The Supreme and Never Born Lord does not bestow the wonderful opulences - a kingdom and material assets - upon His devotee when he [not initiated or not twice-born, see 10.80: 32] fails in understanding. In His wisdom He sees how the false pride [the arrogance, the conceit with the wealth, or the mada] leads to the downfall of the wealthy.'

(38) He [Sudâmâ] this way firmly being fixed in intelligence, was most devoted to Janârdana and enjoyed free from intense desire [for wealth or profit] together with his wife. Therewith he always kept in mind that he [sooner or later] would have to abandon the objects of his senses. (39) The brahmins are even the master of Him, the God of Gods, Hari, the Master and Lord of Sacrifice. There exists no higher worshipable deity than them [see also 7.11: 14, 7.14: 17-18, 10.24: 25, 10.45: 32]. (40) By thus recognizing the Unconquerable One as being conquered by His own servants [see also 9.4: 63 and 10.9: 19] he, the learned friend of the Supreme Lord, was released from his bondage to the [material] self. By the force of his meditation upon Him he soon attained His abode, the destination of the truthful ones. (41) The human being who hears about this sympathy for the brahmins of the Godhead of the Brahmins, will find love for the Supreme Lord and be freed from the bondage of [fruitive] labor [karma, see also 7.11: 35].'

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Third revised edition, loaded November 25, 2014.

 

 

 

Previous Aadhar edition and Vedabase links:

Text 1-2

S'rî S'uka said: 'He, Bhagavân Krishna, the True Goal of the Devotees, the Lord Who Perfectly Knows the Minds of All Beings, in this manner conversing with this best one among the brahmins, then, in His dedication to the ones of learning, laughed and spoke with a smile and a loving glance to His dear friend.
S'rî S'uka said: 'He, Bhagavân Krishna, the True Goal of the Devotees, the Lord Knowing Perfectly the Minds of All Beings, in this manner conversing with the best of brahmins, then spoke, in His dedication to the brahmins with a loving glance looking, smiling and laughing at His dear friend, to the brahmin. (Vedabase)

  

Text 3

The Supreme Lord said: 'What gift have you brought for Me from home oh brahmin? Even the slightest that in pure love is offered by devotees, turns into something immense for Me, whereas not even the greatest that is being presented by non-devotees pleases Me.

The Supreme Lord said: 'What gift did You bring Me from your home, o brahmin; even the slightest thing offered by devotees in pure love turns into something immense to Me, whereas not even the hugest presented by non-devotees is capable to serve My satisfaction. (Vedabase)

 

Text 4

Whoever offers Me a leaf, a flower, a fruit and water with devotion, that offer brought from the heart by a soul of good habits I accept [same as in B.G. 9: 26].'

Whoever offers Me a leaf, a flower, a fruit and water with devotion, that offer brought from the heart by a soul of good habits I accept [same as in B.G. 9.26].' (Vedabase)

 

Text 5

But the twice-born soul thus being addressed, was too embarrassed with Him, the Husband of the Goddess of Fortune, bowed down his head and did not offer the few hands of rice grains oh King.

The twice one born though, thus being addressed, was, bowing down his head, too embarrassed with Him, the Husband of the Goddess of Fortune, and didn't offer the few hands of ricegrains, o King. (Vedabase)

 

Text 6-7

As the direct witness in the heart of all living beings fully cognizant of the reason why he had come, He thought: 'He worshiped Me in the past and never desired opulence. But because he, My friend, in order to keep his chaste and devoted wife happy, has come to Me now, I will give him riches not attainable for [even] the immortals [see also B.G. 9: 22].'

As the direct Witness in the heart of all living beings fully cognizant of the reason why he had come thought He: 'He, worshiping Me in the past, never desired the opulence; however since he, My friend, for securing the satisfaction of his chastely to her husband devoted wife, now came to Me, will I give him riches unobtainable [even] for the immortals [see also B.G. 9.22 ].' (Vedabase)

     

 Text 8

With that in mind He Himself from under the garment of the twice-born one snatched away the rice grains that were tied in a bundle and said: 'What is this?

Thinking like this snatched He Himself from the garment of the twice born one away the ricegrains tied up in a bundle, saying: 'What is this? (Vedabase)

 

Text 9

Have you brought this for Me My dear friend? That gives Me the greatest pleasure! These rice grains satiate Me and the whole universe [that I am]!'

Have you brought this to My pleasure My dear friend? These ricegrains satiate Me and the whole universe [that I am]!' (Vedabase)

  

Text 10

Speaking thus He took a handful to eat and a second one, whereupon S'rî [Rukminî devî], devoted to Him, the One Supreme, seized His hand [for the beaten grains were hard to digest].

Thus speaking took He a handful to eat and a second one, whereupon S'rî [Rukminî devî] devoted to Him, the One Supreme, seized His hand [as the grains were hard to digest]. (Vedabase)

 

Text 11

'That oh Soul of Each and Everyone, is enough to make a person wishing to satisfy You, prosper in this world and the next with all opulence available.'

'That, o Soul of the Universe, is enough for a person after Your satisfaction to prosper with all opulence in this world or else a next one.' (Vedabase)

 

Text 12

After to his satisfaction having drunk and eaten the brahmin spent that night in Acyuta's palace. He thought he had attained heaven.

The brahmin following that night, residing in Acyuta's palace eating and drinking to his fill, felt as if he had attained heaven. (Vedabase)

 

Text 13

The next day dear King, as he returned home, he was honored by Him, the Self-satisfied Maintainer of the Universe who made him happy as he walked along the path.

The next day went he honored by Him, the Self-satisfied Maintainer of the Universe, off to his own residence, my dear, all in delight walking the road. (Vedabase)

 

Text 14

Even though he had received no wealth from Krishna and had been too embarrassed to ask for it himself, he on his way home was filled with joy about the audience he had with the Great One.

Though he, embarrassed on his own accord not begging for it, had received no wealth from Krishna, was he on his way home filled with joy of the audience with the Great One. (Vedabase)

    

 Text 15

'Ah, what a privilege it is to have witnessed the devotion of the Godhead of the Brahmins for the twice-born souls. He who carries Lakshmî in His chest embraced the poorest wretch!

'Ah, to have seen the extend of the devotion to the brahmins òf the Godhead of the Brahmins; He who carries Lakshmî on His chest embraced the poorest man! (Vedabase)

 

Text 16

Who am I? A destitute sinner! And who is Krishna? The temple of S'rî! And He, this friend of the brahmins, closed me in His arms!

Who am I? Someone poor and sinful! And who is Krishna? The temple of S'rî! And I, this brahmin's friend, was just like that closed in His arms! (Vedabase)

 

Text 17

He seated me on the bed of His consort like one of His brothers. Tired as I was, I was fanned by His queen holding a [yak-tail] hair fan.

Just as brothers being seated on the bed used by His love, was I, fatigued, fanned by His queen with a hair-fan in her hand. (Vedabase)

 

Text 18

Being served with sincerity with a massage for my feet and such, I was worshiped like a demigod by the God of Gods, the Godhead of the Scholars!

With sincerity served and with the feet massaged and such was I like a demigod worshiped by the God of Gods, the Godhead of the Learned! (Vedabase)

 

Text 19

The worship of His feet is the root of all perfections and opulence that man in his emancipation may find in heaven, on earth and in the lower regions.

The worship of His feet is the root cause of all perfections and opulence that a person may find in heaven, in emancipation, in the lower regions and on earth. (Vedabase)

   

Text 20

'If this poor soul acquires opulence he, delighting in excess, will not remember Me', He must have thought in His grace, and thus did not grant me the slightest amount of wealth.'

If this poor one obtains riches will he, delighting in excess, not remember Me', He must have thought, compassionately not giving me the slightest of wealth.' (Vedabase)

 

 Text 21-23

Thus lost in thought he arrived at the vicinity of his home. There he found himself placed before high rising palaces rivaling the sun, the fire and the moon. On all sides they were surrounded by wonderful courtyards and gardens swarming with hordes of cooing birds, ponds full of lilies and day and night blooming white lotuses. There were well adorned and ornamented men and women with deer-like eyes. 'What is this, whose place is this, how could this come about?'

Thus innerly occupied with these thoughts arriving at the vicinity of his home was he confronted with high rising palaces, rivaling the sun, the fire and the moon, on all sides surrounded by wonderful courtyards and gardens swarming with hordes of cooing birds, reservoirs of water full of lilies and night- and daytime blooming lotuses white and fully open, and well adorned and ornamented men and women with deer-like eyes. 'What is this, whose place is this, how could this come about?' (Vedabase)

 

 Text 24

This way paining his mind he was welcomed by the men and women with a luster like the demigods, who most fortunately loudly sang to instrumental music.

That way paining his mind was he welcomed by the men and women with complexions effulgent like the demigods, who most fortunately loudly sang with instrumental music. (Vedabase)

 

 Text 25

His wife, hearing that her husband had arrived, extremely jubilant quickly appeared excitedly from the house like she was the goddess of fortune manifesting herself from her abode.

Hearing that her husband had arrived, came his excited wife extremely jubilant, quickly out of the house like the Goddess of Fortune manifesting herself from her abode. (Vedabase)

 

 Text 26

Seeing the husband she was so devoted to, she solemnly held her head down embracing him within her heart with closed eyes filled with tears because of her eagerness and love.

Seeing the husband she was so devoted to, bowed she with her eyes, tearful with the spur of love, closed, solemnly her head down, embracing him within her heart. (Vedabase)

 

 Text 27

He stood amazed at the sight of his wife who, shining in the midst of maidservants with golden lockets around their necks, radiated like a goddess in a vimâna.

Seeing his wife appearing as effulgent as a goddess in a vimana, shining in the midst of maidservants with golden lockets around their necks, was he stunned. (Vedabase)


 Text 28

Pleased he together with her entered his home that with its hundreds of gem-studded pillars resembled the palace of the great Indra.

Pleased himself to be joined by her saw he, having entered, how his home with its hundreds of gem-studded pillars looked like the palace of the great Indra. (Vedabase)

  

 Text 29-32

There were ivory beds ornamented with gold [with bedding] white as foam and couches with golden legs, yak tail fans, golden chairs with soft cushions and canopies hung with strings of pearls. Seeing the sparkling clear quartz walls inlaid with precious emeralds as also the shining jeweled lamps and the women decorated with jewels,  the brahmin, now free from worries with all the excessive opulence, reasoned about the cause of his unexpected prosperity:

There were ivory beds ornamented with gold [with bedding] white as foam and couches with golden legs, yaktail-fans, golden chairs with soft cushions and canopies hung with strings of pearls. Seeing the sparkling clear quartz walls inlaid with precious emeralds as also the jeweled lamps and the women decorated with jewels, made the brahmin there, free from agitation with all the flourishing opulence, reason to himself about the unexpected prosperity: (Vedabase)

  

 Text 33

'This prosperity here, of me always so unlucky and poverty stricken, must be the consequence of the glance that He, the Best of the Yadus who is of the Greatest Opulence, has cast on me.

'It must be so that the cause of the prosperity of this one, me who poverty stricken was always so unfortunate, can be nothing else indeed but the glance of Him, the Best of the Yadus, the One of the Greatest Opulence. (Vedabase)


 Text 34

It is no doubt my Friend, the most exalted among the Das'arhas and Enjoyer of Unlimited Wealth, who, without saying a word, like a cloud [pouring rain] has given me this opulence when He, with me in His presence, noticed that I came begging.

After all, gave He, my Friend, the most exalted among the Das'arhas, with me being in the presence of Him, the Enjoyer of All Wealth, saying nothing to my intention to beg, as plentiful as a cloud when He took notice. (Vedabase)


 Text 35

After having accepted with pleasure a palmful of roasted rice that I brought, this very day He makes something insignificant of the great gift He gives and something great of the meager gift of a friend [like me].

As opposed to the little that He makes of the great that He Himself gives is the insignificant given by a well-wishing friend by Him turned into something great; that is how the Supreme Soul with pleasure accepted the palmful of ricegrains brought by me. (Vedabase)


 Text 36

May there life after life, repeatedly be my love [sauhrida], friendship [sakhya], sympathy [maitrî] and servitude [dâsya] for Him, the Supremely Compassionate Reservoir of Transcendental Qualities, as also my adherence to the intimate association with His devotees.

Let there indeed life after life repeatedly be my love [sauhrida], friendship [sakhya], sympathy [maitrî] and servitude [dâsya] with Him, the Supremely Compassionate Reservoir of Transcendental Qualities, and may I become firmly attached to the valuable association of His devotees. (Vedabase)

 

 Text 37

The Supreme and Never Born Lord does not bestow the wonderful opulences - a kingdom and material assets - upon His devotee when he [not initiated or not twice-born, see 10.80: 32] fails in understanding. In His wisdom He sees how the false pride [the arrogance, the conceit with the wealth, or the mada] leads to the downfall of the wealthy.'

Upon His devotee does the Supreme Lord not bestow the wonderful opulences - a kingdom and material assets - when he, not born again [see 10.80: 32], falls short in understanding because He in His wisdom sees how the intoxication [the mada] leads to the downfall of the wealthy.' (Vedabase)

 

 Text 38

He [Sudâmâ] this way firmly being fixed in intelligence, was most devoted to Janârdana and enjoyed free from intense desire [for wealth or profit] together with his wife. Therewith he always kept in mind that he [sooner or later] would have to abandon the objects of his senses.

This way firmly fixed with intelligence most devoted to Janârdana, enjoyed he together with his wife free from inordinate desire, keeping in mind the renunciation of the objects of the senses. (Vedabase)

 

 Text 39

The brahmins are even the master of Him, the God of Gods, Hari, the Master and Lord of Sacrifice. There exists no higher worshipable deity than them [see also 7.11: 14, 7.14: 17-18, 10.24: 25, 10.45: 32].

Of Him, the God of Gods, Hari, the Master and Lord of Sacrifice are the brahmins truly the masters; there is no greater deity to be found than them [see also 7.11: 14, 7.14: 17-18, 10.24: 25, 10.45: 32]. (Vedabase)

 

 Text 40

By thus recognizing the Unconquerable One as being conquered by His own servants [see also 9.4: 63 and 10.9: 19] he, the learned friend of the Supreme Lord, was released from his bondage to the [material] self. By the force of his meditation upon Him he soon attained His abode, the destination of the truthful ones.

Thus seeing the Unconquerable One as conquered by His own servants [see also 9.4: 63 and 10.9: 19] was he, the learned friend of the Supreme Lord, by the momentum of his meditation upon Him untied in his bondage to the [material] self and attained he soon His abode, the destination of the truthful. (Vedabase)

 

 Text 41

The human being who hears about this sympathy for the brahmins of the Godhead of the Brahmins, will find love for the Supreme Lord and be freed from the bondage of [fruitive] labor [karma, see also 7.11: 35].'

A man hearing of this sympathy for the brahmins of the Godhead of the brahmins, finds love for the Supreme Lord and becomes freed from the bondage of fruitive labor [see also 7.11: 35]. (Vedabase)

 

 

 

 

 

Creative Commons License
The text and audio are offered under the conditions of the
Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 3.0 Unported License.
The first picture shows Krishna welcoming Sudama, source exoticindiaart.com.
The second picture shows Sudama finding a golden palace returning home
.
Source: Punjab Hills (Pahari), ca. 1775-1790 V&A-collections.
Production: Filognostic Association of The Order of Time.


 

 

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