Ego, spiritual: true identity of the living entity, another name for the soul (see: jīva, ātmā, ahamkāra).

Ekādas'ī: day of contemplation of vaishnava s, day of abstaining from cereal and beans at the eleventh day after the full and the new moon. Extra Japa (9 rounds) and reading are the recommended activities for the vaishnava on such a day.

Elements (dhātavah): the essential parts of existence; water, fire, earth, air and ether. Also the seven essential ingredients of the body are dhātava: skin, flesh, sinew, marrow, bone blood and fat [mentioned in 2.6: 1]. In a broader sense one also speaks of sixteen elements together with the intelligence and the ten working and perceiving senses. There are also divisions with 24 or 25 elements: the material elements, the subtle elements (the five objects of the senses: odor, color, taste, touch and sound), the ten senses of perception and action, spirit, intelligence, ego and consciousness with the element of time as the twenty-fifth element (see also Pradhāna and S.B.: 3-26:11-15, 6.1:50). There is also the nine tattvas.

- S'rīla Prabhupāda, purport 10.13: 52: 'The twenty-four elements are the five working senses (pańca-karmendriya), the five senses for obtaining knowledge (pańca-jńānendriya), the five gross material elements (pańca-mahābhūta), the five sense objects (pańca-tanmātra), the mind (manas), the false ego (ahankāra), the mahat-tattva, and material nature (prakriti). All twenty-four of these elements are employed for the manifestation of this material world.'

- Krishna approves of seeing them in twenty-eight as follows: the nine of material nature (prakriti), the living entity (purusha), cosmic intelligence (mahat-tattva), the false ego (ahankāra) and the five objects of the senses (the tanmātrās) of the sound, what touches, the form, the taste and the aroma; the eleven of the coordinate sixth sense of the mind (manas) combined with the five working senses (karmendriyas) of the voice, the hands, the legs the anus and the genital plus the five knowledge aquiring (jńānendriyas) senses of the ears, the touch, the eyes, the tongue and the nostrils; the three of the modes of nature (the gunas) of passion, goodness and ignorance and the five of the gross elements (the mahā-bhūtas) of fire, water, earth, ether, sky and air (see also 11.19: 14 and 11.22).

Energies: the Lord His energies for nourishment, beauty, reputation and material creation (resp. Pushthi, S'rī, Kīrti and Ajā, see 10.89: 54-56).

Energy, deluding: see Māyā.

Energy, Higher-, or inner, spiritual energy (parā - prakriti or parā - s'akti): one of the three most important energies of the Lord (spiritual, intermediate and material energy). It is the manifestation of the Lord His inner potency; it covers the spiritual world. Contrary to the material energy is it entirely of eternity, knowledge and bliss (sac-cid-ānanda). Is said to cover three quarters of the reality.

Energy, Lower-, the outer or material energy (aparā-prakriti, aparā-s'akti or mahā-brahman): one of the three main energies of the Lord (spiritual, intermediate and material energy). It is the manifestation of the Lord His outer potency, comprising the twenty-four physical elements and the universe in which we live. The interactions between those elements take place under the influence of the time-factor and by attraction with the spiritual energy of the Lord, from which it differs in the sense that it is manifest at times and non-manifest at other times. It is like an iceberg visible only for a quarter of the complete reality.

Energy, Intermediate-, (j īva -s'akti or tathastha-s'akti): one of the three main energies of the Lord (spiritual, intermediate and material energy). It comprises the living being, the very tiny little part of God, who though in fact being of a spiritual nature, as a consequence of its limited potency can be victim of bewilderment by the lower energy.

Expansion, Plenary-, (Vishnu-tattva): manifestation of God, Krishna, by means of a personal form that differs from His Original form, but is of the same almighty potency.



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S'rīmad Bhāgavatam | Bhagavad Gītā | Nederlandse versie


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