Tāntra: to have wires or strings, to be regulated by a general rule, relating to the Tantras, the music of a stringed instrument.

Tāntrika: one completely versed in any science or system, a follower of the Tantra doctrine (see Tantra-yoga).

Tārā: wife of Brihaspati who was kidnapped by Soma, the god of the moon, being arrogant. Over this rose a fight between the gods and the demons. By Brahmā returned to Brihaspati, she turned out to be pregnant. The name of the child was Budha. From him was, from Ilā (formerly Sudyumna) born Purūravā (9.14: 4-13).

Tārkshya-putrah: the son of Tārkshya, see G aruda.

Takshaka: the snake-bird that in the form of a brahmin ended the life of Emperor Parīkchit hearing the S'rīmad Bhāgavatam from S'ukadeva  Gos vāmī (see 4.18: 22, 12.6).

- A member of the Kus'a-dynasty (9.12: 8).

Tamas: mode of ignorance, also described as darkness and slowness (see also gunas, avidhyā, S'iva).

Tamo-guna: the mode of ignorance, or slowness of material nature. Associated with winter time and the Godhead S'iva (guna).

Tanmātra-sound: primal form of s'abda, sound that is recognized as Krishna, in creation preceding the creations of matter in space (see also pranāva).

Tanmātra: the five subtle elements also known as vishaya, the objects of the senses of the sound (s'abda), what touches (spars'a), of form (rūpa), of taste (rasa), and of aroma (gandha, see also the elements).

Tantra: name for specific vedic scriptures. They are the supplementary Vedic literatures that give detailed instructions for the spiritual practice.

Tantra-yoga: connectedness with God by means of the transformation of sexual energy (see also linga and yoni). Three gates:

- Pas'u (animal, possessive): with one partner.
Vira (chivalrous, sharing, more detached): with more than one partner.
Divya (divine, devoted) celibate/for offspring only (compare adhikāri).

Vaishnavas are oriented at the highest level (divya) and call themselves never tāntrika s since they have the celibate state as their priority, also within the marriage.

Tapas: sobering up, penance, austerity, voluntary suffering to vanquish impurities and to achieve the higher.

- Voluntary acceptance of certain limitations in the material sense with the purpose of spiritual progress. Element of niyamya (see also vidha, vidhi and (ashthānga-yoga).

- Withdrawal in the forest after one's household life (see also vānaprastha).

- The first two syllables that lord Brahmā being born on the lotus heard were 'ta' and 'pa' (see 2.9: 6).

- Name of a loka , tapoloka, the place of penance, above janaloka.

Tat (tad): (that, this, this world, brahma, there, then). Term used to indicate the reality of and sacrifice for Vishnu, God or the Spirit of the Absolute Truth (B.G. 3: 9).

- To the ones desiring liberation, this term is used when one is not after the results of sacrifice with the various activities of charity and penance (B.G. 17: 25).

- Famous m antra's with Tat: 'Om Tat Sat', 'We sacrifice for the Absolute Truth'; 'Tat Tvam Asi', 'That Thou Art'.

Tatastha-s'akti: the living being, the intermediate energy of the Supreme Lord.

Tattva: element, reality of, truth, essential nature, essence, principle of; in three kinds:

- Jiva - tattva (resp.) ordinary souls,

- Vishnu- tattva: all those expansions and expansions of expansions (see kalā) who in no way are different from Him and,

- Mahā- tattva: the complete of the (twenty-four) material elements.

- The nine basic principles or elements of creation (tattvas) as mentioned in 12.11: 5 are māyā (or prakriti), mahat-tattva or cosmic intelligence, its active aspect or the s ūtra, the false ego of identification of the living being with matter or ahankāra, and the five subtle perceptions, the sense objects or tanmātrās. Also in seven: intelligence, false ego and the five sense objects (see also vikāra).

Tattva-dars'inah: seer of the truth, one firmly established in transcendence. Mark of bona fide teaching (see paramparā-guru, stitha prajńa).

Tattvavit: someone knowing the Absolute Truth in all of its three different aspects of Brahman, Paramātmā and Bhagavān.

Tejas: splendour, brilliance, light, clearness of the eyes , the vital power, spiritual or moral or magical power or influence, majesty, dignity, glory, authority, the fire in opposition, ardour, spirit, efficacy, essence; semen virile and the marrow; the brain but also: impatience, fierceness, energetic opposition. Said to be represented in Krishna's Sudars'ana  cakra (see 12.11: 14-15).

Tilaka: yellow clay from the holy rivers of India applied by the vaishnavas in the form of a tuning-fork with a leaf of tulsi in clay on the nose and the forehead (and other places of the body) asatoken of submission to the teaching.

Timingilas: huge whale-eating predator fish.

Titiksha: forbearance, tolerance, being unaffected, unperturbed.

Transcendental: of the supreme, of the beyond; that what rises above matter and is free from the influence of the threefold nature of the material world (see param, nirguna, guna).

Transcendentalist: anyone striving to attain the transcendental plane.

Tretā-yuga: second era of a mahāyuga, taking three times as long as Kali-yuga.

- At the beginning of tretā-yuga, o greatly fortunate one, appeared from the prāna from My heart the threefold of the knowing (the three Vedas) and from that appeared I in the three forms of sacrifice (hence the name tretā) (11.17: 12).

Tri-danda: a staff carried by traditional vaishnava  sannyāsīs symbolizing the threefold austerity of thought, speech and action. In all these three the renunciate is vowed to serve Vishnu. The staff consists of three sticks wrapped in saffron cloth with a small extra piece wrapped in at the top (see also 11.18: 1 and 11.20).

Tridas'a: the thirty gods comprising the twelve Adityas, eight Vasus, eleven Rudras and the two As'vins.

Tri-kālika: the threefold of time mentioned in 11.15: 28 and 12.10: 37, the division usually refers to past, present and future of time, but can also be considered in the sense of the other five threefold divisions of time to 1) the sun, the moon and the stars, 2) the three periods of four months or the seasons of summer, winter and autumn/spring, 3) to the natural, cultural and psychological of time, to 4) the creative, destructive and maintaining quality of time and 5) to the cyclic, the linear and the oneness of (viz. the Lord of, the person of, the 'timeless', or the soul or self of, the organic cohesion of, or genetic record of) time (see also 5.22: 2, timequotes and the B.G. 10.30 & 33, 11: 32).

- In 3.8: 20 named trinemi: the three fellies of the wheel of time.

- In 11.6: 15 named trinābha to the three parts of the circumference of the wheel of time interpreted as pertaining to the three four month seasons

- In 3.8: 20 there is mention of a three-dimensional aspect called trinemi of the three spokes or rims (to the wheel of time).

- In 3.10: 14 there is mention of a ninefold division to the eternal of time to the modes, the types of destruction and the qualities of the material universe.

- In 3.21: 18 there is mention of three naves to the wheel of the universe that are interpreted as being the sun, the moon and the stars.

- In 5.21: 13 there is mention of three pieces of the hub of the big wheel that are interpreted as being the three four month periods of the year.

- In 5.23: 3 there is mention of the three bulls to the wheel of time making up the different luminaries.

Tri-kānda: the three sections, departments or principles of the Vedas, of upāsanā: sacrifice, song and prayer; karma: fruitive labor and, jńāna: spiritual knowledge as in the three times six chapters the Gītā is divided in (see 9.14: 43 en 11.20, and canto).

- The tri-kānda divided Vedas have the spiritual understanding of the Self as their subject matter but also dear to Me are the vedic seers esoterically expressing themselves in indirect terms (the 'other guru s') (11.21: 35).

Tri-yuga: description of Krishna as descending (vishnu-) avatāra in three eras. The fourth era Kali-yuga he is channa: covered.

Tripad-vibhuti: the three-quarter of reality that is situated in the paravyoma (the spiritual sky; see also paramdhama).

Tripura: the three asura cities of gold silver and iron constructed by Maya Dānava immensely great and of an uncommon traffic and of peculiar specialties (they were reported to hover as airships over one another in the sky. Because of the trouble the asuras created with them were the cities by lord S'iva pierced so that all the inhabitants fell dead; see 7.10: 54-55).

Trivakrā: 'tree-bent' a hunchbacked girl released by Krishna, also called Kubja (see 10.41: 1-12 and 10.48).

Tulādhāra: another name for Vanikpatha. He is a vais'ya, and his story is mentioned in the Mahābhārata in connection with the pride of Jājali Muni. This muni overly proud of his austerity and wisdom transcendentally heard of a trader that would be wiser than him. He visited Tulādhāra who explained to him that he had attained his wisdom by worshiping God with the principle of harmlessness, doing good to all creatures (mentioned in 11.12: 3-6).

Tulasī: a great devotee of the Lord in the form of a plant (basil). This plant is the Lord's favorite, the leaves are always offered at His lotusfeet. Incarnation of a female devotee who in devotional service is separately worshiped.

- The worship of the goddess Tulasī devi is an integral part of the vaishnava tempelroutines. The leaves are edible and often placed on the prasādam.

Tumburu: the name of the gandharva, the singer of heaven in person.

Turīya: the superconscious state of the soul its selfrealization (see 12.11: 22, see also avasthatraya).

Twice-born: (dvija);

1) Authorized brahmin.

2) Worthy member of the three varnas (brāhmana, kshatriya and vais'ya).

3) Someone who has received spiritually initiation from a bona-fide spiritual teacher. Someone who as such began a new life, who is born again.

Tyāga: renunciation, known in three types according the gunas: of fear or laziness; forsaking the duty: of ignorance. Without desire: of goodness (see naish-kāma-karma).



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S'rīmad Bhāgavatam | Bhagavad Gītā | Nederlandse versie


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