rule



 

Canto 3

S'rî Râdhikâshthakam

 

 

Chapter 27: Liberation from Falsehood

(1) The Supreme Lord [as Kapila] said: 'Even though the living entity abides in a material body, he is not affected by the modes of nature when he does not claim proprietorship and thus is not subject to change, just like the sun that is not affected by being reflected in water. (2) But when this very living entity is absorbed in false ego and thus is possessed by the modes of material nature, the individual soul is bewildered and thinks: 'I am the doer'. (3) Because of the faulty actions resulting from dealing with material nature in such a way, he thus in discontent helplessly undergoes the repeated occurrence of birth and death in being born from different wombs [or species] depending the good or bad life he led or a combination of these. (4) Like having landed in a nightmare in which the things happening do not really exist, there is for the living entity who [only] contemplates what occurs to his senses no end to his materially conditioned existence [of illusion]. (5) Therefore the mind of attachment to material pleasure must consequently without attachment gradually be brought under control on the path of bhakti yoga. (6) Beginning with yama [meaning the great vow of yoga of nonviolence, truth, non-stealing, celibacy and non-possessiveness in the practice of detachment], practice the different forms of yoga and develop, endowed with faith, by listening to My stories unalloyed devotion unto Me. (7) Be therein without enmity and regard all living beings as equal, do not entertain intimate relations and be celibate *, be silent and offer the results of your labor. (8) Be satisfied with whatever comes of its own, eat little and live thoughtfully in a secluded place and be peaceful, kind, compassionate and self-realized. (9) Do not follow the physical concept of life in relating to others and your own body but rather see, through spiritual knowledge, the factual truth of [both] the material and the personal aspect. (10) Transcend the stages of consciousness [of waking, dreaming and deep sleep] and stay away from other conceptions of life. Thus with a purified intellect see the true self, the soul of your realization inside, alike the sun before your eyes [outside]. (11) Arrive at the realization of the transcendental Support of the Material Cause [the Supreme Soul] that is manifest as a reflection within the untrue, as an eye for the illusory of matter that penetrated everything as one without a second. (12) It is like the sun in the sky that above water is seen as a reflection on that water or on a wall. (13) Thus the truth of the self is revealed by its reflections in the threefold of the materially identified ego consisting of body, senses and mind. (14) Someone who in this material world falsely unites with the material elements, the objects of enjoyment, the material senses, the mind, intelligence and so on, is situated in sleep, but awakened [in the devotion of yoga] he is freed from false ego. (15) Even though he is not lost, someone [who awakens] unjustly [at first] thinks that he is lost because he, just like someone upset because of losing his fortune, as the silent witness realizes the demise of his false ego. (16) Coming to understand this, knowing the situation he accepted under the false ego, such a person realizes the mercy of the original position of his true self, his original individuality [svarûpa].'

(17) Devahûti said: 'Dear brahmin, is it not so that material nature never releases the soul because the two are eternally attracted to each other oh Best One? (18) As there is no separate existence of  aroma and earth or of water and taste, so it is  also with intelligence and consciousness. (19) How then can there be the soul free from material nature? For the soul as a non-doer existing with those modes, is bound to the karma associated with them. (20) The great fear one sometimes may avoid by contemplating the fundamental principles, will reappear because the cause [the gunas] continued to be.'

(21) The Supreme Lord said: '[One will realize the freedom,] when one with a pure mind serious unto Me and faithfully listening to My stories in devotional service manages to perform one's duties without desiring the fruits thereof. (22) By means of spiritual knowledge someone, with the vision of the Absolute Truth in yoga strongly being connected in penance, gets detached and firmly fixed in being absorbed in the soul. (23) Bound to its material nature a living entity is day by day consumed, disappearing gradually like firewood on fire. (24) Giving up on the pleasure he tasted [in the material world] because he sees the wrong of the desire to enjoy it always and the harm that dependence gives, he stands in his own glory. (25) The way it is with someone who in his sleep has a dream that brings him many bad things, that same dream with him being awake will not in the least daunt him. (26) The same way someone who is always contented within and fixes his mind upon Me, thus knowing the Absolute Truth, has nothing to fear from material nature. (27) When someone wise thus for many years and many births is engaged in self-realization, he will develop a distaste for anything up to the highest spiritual position [of Satyaloka]. (28-29) Someone devoted to Me who under My protection for the sake of awakening his intelligence, by My unlimited mercy goes for the ultimate goal of his existence of what is called kaivalya [enlightenment, emancipation, beatitude], will in this life attain a steady self-awareness and be free from doubt. The yogi who departed for that heavenly abode will, after leaving behind the subtle as also the gross body, never return. (30) When the attention of the perfected yogi is not drawn towards yogic powers my dear mother, he then, having no other purpose in his life, in his progress towards Me will never be frustrated, because he will not find the power of death therein.'
 

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  Third revised edition, loaded September 25, 2010.

 

 

 

 

Previous Aadhar edition and Vedabase links:

Text 1

The Supreme Lord [as Kapila] said: 'Even though the living entity abides in a material body, he is not affected by the modes of nature when he does not claim proprietorship and thus is not subject to change, just like the sun that is not affected by being reflected in water.
The Supreme Lord [as Kapila] said: 'Not being of change, not claiming proprietorship, is the living entity, although residing in a material body, not affected by the modes of material nature; just like the sun, who stays unaffected from being reflected in water. (Vedabase)

 

Text 2

But when this very living entity is absorbed in false ego and thus is possessed by the modes of material nature, the individual soul is bewildered and thinks: 'I am the doer'.

When this very living entity is absorbed by false ego in the modes of material nature, is the individual soul bewildered, thus thinking: 'I am the doer'. (Vedabase)

 

Text 3

Because of the faulty actions resulting from dealing with material nature in such a way, he thus in discontent helplessly undergoes the repeated occurrence of birth and death in being born from different wombs [or species] depending the good or bad life he led or a combination of these.

Because of faulty actions, following his association with material nature, he from this helplessly undergoes the path of repeated birth and death in discontent, being born from different wombs [or species], living a good or a bad life or a mixture of these. (Vedabase)


Text 4

Like having landed in a nightmare in which the things happening do not really exist, there is for the living entity who [only] contemplates what occurs to his senses no end to his materially conditioned existence [of illusion].

Although he actually does not exist but from the real cause, does it - the contemplating of the objective of the material existence of the living entity - not cease to be and thus, like with a dream, he ends up in disappointment. (Vedabase)

 

Text 5

Therefore the mind of attachment to material pleasure must consequently without attachment gradually be brought under control on the path of bhakti yoga.

Therefore must the mind of attachment to material enjoyment gradually be brought under control by devotional service on the path of stringent detachment. (Vedabase)


Text 6

Beginning with yama [meaning the great vow of yoga of nonviolence, truth, non-stealing, celibacy and non-possessiveness in the practice of detachment], practice the different forms of yoga and develop, endowed with faith, by listening to My stories unalloyed devotion unto Me.

Beginning with yama [meaning the great yoga-vow of nonviolence, truth, non-stealing, celibacy and non-possessiveness in the practice of detachment], he will be steadfast by the yogasystem, having great faith in unalloyed service unto Me and listening to the stories. (Vedabase)

  

Text 7

Be therein without enmity and regard all living beings as equal, do not entertain intimate relations and be celibate *, be silent and offer the results of your labor.

Seeing all living beings equally without enmity, not entertaining intimate relations living celibate and in silence, he offers the results of his labor. (Vedabase)

 

Text 8

Be satisfied with whatever comes of its own, eat little and live thoughtfully in a secluded place and be peaceful, kind, compassionate and self-realized. 

Satisfied with what comes without effort, eating little and living thoughtfully in a secluded place, he is peaceful, kind, compassionate and selfrealized. (Vedabase)

 

Text 9

Do not follow the physical concept of life in relating to others and your own body but rather see, through spiritual knowledge, the factual truth of [both] the material and the personal aspect.

Not following the physical concept of life in relating to others and in the dealings with his own body does he, through spiritual knowledge, see the factual truth of the material and the personal. (Vedabase)

  

Text 10

Transcend the stages of consciousness [of waking, dreaming and deep sleep] and stay away from other conceptions of life. Thus with a purified intellect see the true self, the soul of your realization inside, alike the sun before your eyes [outside].

With the intelligence on material things in peace keeping other conceptions of life afar, he realizes the soul within as if he has his eyes on the sun itself. (Vedabase)

  

Text 11

Arrive at the realization of the transcendental Support of the Material Cause [the Supreme Soul] that is manifest as a reflection within the untrue, as an eye for the illusory of matter that penetrated everything as one without a second.

He realizes the being bound to the truth, the eye for the illusory of matter, as being transcendental, manifest as a reflection in the untrue and as having entered into everything as one without a second. (Vedabase)

 

 Text 12

It is like the sun in the sky that above water is seen as a reflection on that water or on a wall.

It is like the sun above the water and in the sky, that is seen as a reflection on the water or on the wall. (Vedabase)

 

Text 13

Thus the truth of the self is revealed by its reflections in the threefold of the materially identified ego consisting of  body, senses and mind.

Thus is by the reflections of the true in the threefold of the materially identified ego consisting of mind, body and senses, the truth of the self discovered. (Vedabase)



Text 14

Someone who in this material world falsely unites with  the material elements, the objects of enjoyment, the material senses, the mind, intelligence and so on, is situated in sleep, but awakened [in the devotion of yoga] he is freed from false ego.

The elements of matter, the objects of enjoyment, the material senses, the mind, intelligence and so on, that here as in one's sleep are merged in the untrue are there in the awakening freed from the egotism. (Vedabase)


Text 15

Even though he is not lost, someone [who awakens] unjustly [at first] thinks that he is lost because he, just like someone upset because of losing his fortune, as the silent witness realizes the demise of his false ego.

Although he is not lost, he in falsehood then thinks himself as lost, because as a witness, he is, like someone who lost his fortune, distressed of losing his self-consciousness. (Vedabase)

Text 16

Coming to understand this, knowing the situation he accepted under the false ego, such a person realizes the mercy of the original position of his true self, his original individuality [svarûpa].'

Coming to understand this, realizes that person himself as one who manifests his own individuality and does he see what he of the situation under the false of ego accepted.' (Vedabase)

 

Text 17

Devahûti said: 'Dear brahmin, is it not so that material nature never releases the soul because the two are eternally attracted to each other oh Best One?

Devahûti said: 'Dear brahmin, isn't is so that material nature never releases the soul as the two are eternally attracted to one another, o best one? (Vedabase)

  

Text 18

As there is no separate existence of  aroma and earth or of water and taste, so it is  also with intelligence and consciousness.

As we have no separate existence of the aroma and the earth or water and taste, so also it is with the intelligence and consciousness. (Vedabase)

  

Text 19

How then can there be the soul free from material nature? For the soul as a non-doer existing with those modes, is bound to the karma associated with them.

How then of this can the freedom from material nature of the soul be, that as a non-doer is bound to the karma caused by the association therewith, while those modes are existing? (Vedabase)

 

Text 20

The great fear one sometimes may avoid by contemplating the fundamental principles, will reappear because the cause [the gunas] continued to be.'

The great fear in a certain case avoided by reflecting upon the reality, reappears, since the cause did not cease to be.' (Vedabase)

 

Text 21

The Supreme Lord said: '[One will realize the freedom,] when one with a pure mind serious unto Me and faithfully listening to My stories in devotional service manages to perform one's duties without desiring the fruits thereof.

The Supreme Lord said: '[The freedom will be realized,] when with a pure mind serious unto Me and hearing a long time about Me, one in devotional service executes one's duties without desiring the fruits thereof. (Vedabase)

 

Text 22

By means of spiritual knowledge someone, with the vision of the Absolute Truth in yoga strongly being connected in penance, gets detached and firmly fixed in being absorbed in the soul.

In spiritual knowledge with the vision of the Absolute of the Truth, detached and strongly connected in penance is one through yoga firmly fixed in being absorbed in the soul. (Vedabase)


Text 23

Bound to its material nature a living entity is day by day consumed, disappearing gradually like firewood on fire.

Of the material of nature is a living entity day and night consumed, disappearing gradually like wooden sticks with the appearance of fire do. (Vedabase)

  

Text 24

Giving up on the pleasure he tasted [in the material world] because he sees the wrong of the desire to enjoy it always and the harm that dependence gives, he stands in his own glory.

Giving up on the pleasure he tasted, he sees the wrong of having it always and the harm it does in depending thereon and so he stands in his own glory. (Vedabase)

 

Text 25

The way it is with someone who in his sleep has a dream that brings him many bad things, that same dream with him being awake will not in the least daunt him.

As indeed with one who is asleep with a dream bringing many bad things, can that very dream though certainly not bewilder one who is awake. (Vedabase)

 

Text 26

The same way someone who is always contented within and fixes his mind upon Me, thus knowing the Absolute Truth, has nothing to fear from material nature.

Thus can one who knows the Absolute Truth of the material of nature fixing his mind on Me, as one who always rejoices in the soul, not be harmed. (Vedabase)

 

Text 27

When someone wise thus for many years and many births is engaged in self-realization, he will develop a distaste for anything up to the highest spiritual position [of Satyaloka].

When thus for many years and many births he is engaged in selfrealization, he becomes in every respect, up to the highest spiritual position [of sathya-loka], detached and a thoughtful person. (Vedabase)

 

Text 28-29

Someone devoted to Me who under My protection for the sake of awakening his intelligence, by My unlimited mercy goes for the ultimate goal of his existence of what is called kaivalya [enlightenment, emancipation, beatitude], will in this life attain a steady self-awareness and be free from doubt. The yogi who departed for that heavenly abode will, after leaving behind the subtle as also the gross body, never return.

My devotee, under My protection realizes by My unlimited mercy, for the good of the intelligence, the ultimate goal of what is called kaivalya [enlightenment, emancipation], attaining in this life a truly steady selfknowledge and freedom from doubt. Having left for that abode the yogî never returns after taking leave from the subtle and gross bodies. (Vedabase)

 

Text 30

When the attention of the perfected yogi is not drawn towards yogic powers my dear mother, he then, having no other purpose in his life, in his progress towards Me will never be frustrated, because he will not find the power of death therein.'

When the attention of the perfected yogî is not drawn towards yogîc powers, my dear mother, then, having no other cause, will his progress towards Me become perpetual, as therein he will not find the power of death.' (Vedabase)



* : Swami A.C. Bhaktivedanta Prabhupâda in his commentary says here that intimacy refers to intimacy with non-devotees and that celibacy does not exclude a modest sex life: 'Aprasangatah means “not to be in intimate touch with everyone.” A devotee is concerned with his execution of devotional service, and he should therefore mix with devotees only, in order to advance his objective... A devotee should observe the vow of celibacy. Celibacy does not necessitate that one be absolutely free from sex life; satisfaction with one’s wife is permitted also under the vow of celibacy.'
 

 

 

 

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The vintage image refers to the omnipresence of Krishna in the heart of everyone. Source.
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Filognostic Association of The Order of Time


  

 

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