rule



 

Canto 9

Mahâmantra 1

 

 

Chapter 1: King Sudyumna Becomes a Woman

(1) The king said: 'I have listened to your descriptions of all the periods of the Manus and the wonderful actions performed by the Lord of Unlimited Potency during those periods. (2-3) He who was known by the name of Satyavrata, the saintly king and ruler of Dravidades'a, received spiritual knowledge at the end of the previous day of Brahmâ, by rendering service to the Original Person [the Purusha]. I heard from you how he, as a son of Vivasvân [the sun god], thus became the Manu. You have spoken about his many sons: the kings headed by Ikshvâku [8.13: 1]. (4) Oh brahmin, please describe to us always eager to listen to your stories, the dynasties of those kings and what characterized them oh greatly fortunate one. (5) Please tell us about all those pious and celebrated souls who were there before us, who will be there after us and who live at present with us.'

(6) S'rî Sûta said: "After Parîkchit thus in the assembly of all the brahmin followers had requested this, the powerful S'uka, the one most learned in the dharma, gave a reply. (7) S'rî S'uka said: 'Oh subduer of the enemies, I will now tell you the most important about the dynasty of Manu, because not even a hundred years would be enough to do this extensively. (8) When the Supersoul, who is the Original Transcendental Person of all higher and lower forms of life, found Himself at the end of the kalpa, outside of Him nothing of this universe or anything else existed. (9) From His navel a golden lotus generated upon which oh King, the selfborn one with his four heads appeared [Lord Brahmâ, see also 3.8]. (10) Marîci appeared from Brahmâ's mind and Kas'yapa was there from him. He in his turn begot in Aditi, the daughter of Daksha, a son: Visvasvân [see also 6.6: 38-39]. (11-12) Vivasvân begot in Samjñâ, Manu S'râddhadeva who with his wife S'râddhâ from his sense control fathered ten sons whom he gave the names Ikshvâku, Nriga, S'aryâti, Dishtha, Dhrishtha, Karûshaka, Narishyanta, Prishadhra, Nabhaga and the mighty Kavi. (13) He, the Manu, at first had no sons, but the great personality, the powerful Vasishthha, performed a sacrifice for the demigods Mitra and Varuna that would bring him sons. (14) But S'râddhâ, Manu's wife who as prescribed observed a payo vrata [vow of drinking only, see 8.16], approached with obeisances the performing priest during the sacrifice and begged him for a daughter. (15) The ritvik in charge [the adhvaryu] told the priest performing the oblations [the hota] to engage with this in mind, whereupon the brahmin took the ghee and recited the mantra vashath ['unto the Living Being'].

(16) With that transgression of the performing priest a daughter was born named Ilâ ['the libation']. When Manu saw her he most dissatisfied said to his guru: (17) 'Oh my lord, what is this? As a result of the actions of you transcendentalists, there is alas this painful deviation. This rebellion against the Absolute Truth never should have happened! (18) How could you, versed in Vedic knowledge, connected and austere of whom all impurities were burned away, deviate from your decision? Since when are the demigods of false promises?'

(19) Having heard what he said, the most powerful one, their great-grandfather Vasishthha who had understanding for the mistake the performing priest had made, spoke to [Manu] the son of the sun god. (20) 'This unexpected result was the consequence of the wrong action of your priest. I will employ however my power to give you a nice son!'

(21) With that decision oh King, the renown powerful master Vasishthha offered prayers to the Original Person with the wish that Ilâ turned into a man. (22) Pleased by him the Supreme Controller Hari granted the desired benediction so that Ilâ became a nice man who was called Sudyumna. (23-24) One day Sudyumna was on a hunting trip in the forest oh King and was accompanied by a couple of associates. While riding a horse from Sindhuprades'a he went north in pursuit of the game. For the occasion the hero was equiped with a beautiful bow with remarkable arrows and an armor.  (25) At the foot of mount Meru he happened to enter the Sukumâra forest where the mighty Lord S'iva is enjoying with his wife Umâ. (26) Having entered there oh ruler of man, Sudyumna, the pre-eminent hero, saw himself changed into a woman and his horse into a mare [see also 5.17: 15]. (27) All his companions were also changed into the opposite sex and seeing each other like this they got very depressed.'

(28) The honorable king [Parîkchit] said: 'How can that realm have this quality? How came this about oh mighty one? This is what we very much would like to hear you deliberate on.'

(29) S'rî S'uka answered: 'Saints fixed in their vows dispelling the darkness in every direction, once came there to see the Lord of the Mountain, S'iva. (30) Ambikâ [Durgâ] who sat naked on her husband's lap was most ashamed when she saw them. Quickly she got up and covered her breasts. (31) The saints seeing the two enjoying sexual intercourse desisted from proceeding further and departed immediately for the âs'rama of Nara-Nârâyana. (32) Because of this the mighty Lord wishing to please his sweetheart said: 'Anyone who enters this place will turn into a woman on the spot!' (33) Ever since males in particular do not enter that forest whereabout she [Sudyumna] in the company of her associates [now] wandered about from stretch to stretch. (34) When she as a most exciting woman, thus surrounded by other women was loitering near his âs'rama, the powerful Budha [the son of the moon and deity of Mercury] wished to enjoy her. (35) She also longed to have him, the beautiful son of king Soma, for her husband and thus she from him gave birth to a son named Purûravâ. (36) I've heard that Sudyumna who thus as a king born from Manu had achieved the female status, [then] remembered Vasishthha, the preceptor of the family. (37) The merciful sage seeing him in that condition was very aggrieved. He desired the return of his maleness and began to pray to Lord S'ankara [S'iva]. (38-39) S'iva being pleased with him oh servant of the state, in order to keep his promise [to Umâ] and to show the sage his love, said: 'This disciple of your line will one month be a female and the next month be a male. Sudyumna may with this arrangement [then] rule the world as he likes.' (40) With this settlement he by the mercy of the âcârya acquired the desired maleness and ruled over the entire world, even though the citizens were not quite happy with it. (41) From Sudyumna three sons were born listening to the names of Utkala, Gaya and Vimala oh King. They became kings over the southern realm and were very religious. (42) Thereafter, when the time was ripe, the master of the kingdom who was so mighty, handed the world over to his son Purûravâ and left for the forest.'

 

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Third revised edition, loaded November 3, 2012.

 

 

Previous Aadhar edition and Vedabase links:

Text 1

The king said: 'I have listened to your descriptions of all the periods of the Manus and the wonderful actions performed by the Lord of Unlimited Potency during those periods.
The king said: 'I've listened to your descriptions of all the periods of the Manus and all the wonderful actions of the Lord of Eternal Heroism performed in those periods. (Vedabase)

 

Text 2-3

He who was known by the name of Satyavrata, the saintly king and ruler of Dravidades'a, received spiritual knowledge at the end of the previous day of Brahmâ, by rendering service to the Original Person [the Purusha].  I heard from you how he, as a son of Vivasvân [the sun god], thus became the Manu. You have spoken about his many sons: the kings headed by Ikshvâku [8.13: 1].

He who was known by the name of Satyavrata, the saintly king and ruler of Dravidades'a, received at the end of the previous day of Brahmâ the spiritual knowledge by rendering service to the Male Principle [the purusha]. From You I heard how he indeed as a son of Vivasvân [the sungod] thus became the Manu. You have spoken about his many sons, the kings headed by Ikshvâku [8.13: 1]. (Vedabase)

 

Text 4

Oh brahmin, please describe to us always eager to listen to your stories, the dynasties of those kings and what characterized them oh greatly fortunate one.

O brahmin, please describe each of the dynasties of those kings and what characterized them, o greatly fortunate one, as that is the eternal of our service unto You indeed. (Vedabase)

 

Text 5

Please tell us about all those pious and celebrated souls who were there before us, who will be there after us and who live at present with us.'

Please tell us about the exploits of all those pious and celebrated souls who have lived, who will live in the future and who are there around right now.' (Vedabase)

 

Text 6

S'rî Sûta said: "After Parîkchit thus in the assembly of all the brahmin followers had requested this, the powerful S'uka, the one most learned in the dharma, gave a reply.

S'rî Sûta said: "Thus in the assembly of all the brahmin followers requested by Parîkchit gave the most learned in the dharma, the powerful S'uka a reply. (Vedabase)

 

Text 7

S'rî S'uka said: 'Oh subduer of the enemies, I will now tell you the most important about the dynasty of Manu, because not even a hundred years would be enough to do this extensively.

S'rî S'uka said: 'Now listen to me about the dynasty of Manu, o subduer of the enemies, as far as possible broadly discussed, as otherwise not even in a hundred years one would be done. (Vedabase)

 

Text 8

When the Supersoul, who is the Original Transcendental Person of all higher and lower forms of life, found Himself at the end of the kalpa, outside of Him nothing of this universe or anything else existed.

The Supersoul, that is the Original Transcendental Person of all higher and lower forms of life, indeed existed there at the end of the kalpa when nor this universe nor anything else was there. (Vedabase)

 

Text 9

From His navel a golden lotus generated upon which oh King, the selfborn one with his four heads appeared [Lord Brahmâ, see also 3.8].

From His navel generated a golden lotus and on that lotus, o King, was there the selfborn one with his four heads [see also 3.8]. (Vedabase)

 

Text 10

Marîci appeared from Brahmâ's mind and Kas'yapa was there from him. He in his turn begot in Aditi, the daughter of Daksha, a son: Visvasvân [see also 6.6: 38-39].

From his mind took Marîci his birth and from him there was Kâs'yapa who thereafter in the daughter of Daksha, Aditi, begot Visvasvân as his son [see also 6.6: 38-39]. (Vedabase)


Text 11-12

Vivasvân begot in Samjñâ, Manu S'râddhadeva who with his wife S'râddhâ from his sense control fathered ten sons whom he gave the names Ikshvâku, Nriga, S'aryâti, Dishtha, Dhrishtha, Karûshaka, Narishyanta, Prishadhra, Nabhaga and the mighty Kavi.

From him appeared in Samjñâ, Manu S'râddhadeva and in his wife S'râddha he of his self-control begot ten sons that by him were named Ikshvâku, Nriga, S'aryâti, Dishtha, Dhrishtha, Karûshaka, Narishyanta and Prishadhra, and Nâbhaga and the mighty Kavi. (Vedabase)

 

Text 13

He, the Manu, at first had no sons, but the great personality, the powerful Vasishthha, performed a sacrifice for the demigods Mitra and Varuna that would bring him sons.

At first had he, the Manu, no son but the great personality, the powerful Vasishthha, made sure to execute of the demigods Mitra and Varuna a sacrifice for getting sons. (Vedabase)

 

Text 14

But S'râddhâ, Manu's wife who as prescribed observed a payo vrata [vow of drinking only, see 8.16], approached with obeisances the performing priest during the sacrifice and begged him for a daughter.

But in that sacrifice begged S'râddha, Manu's wife, the performing priest, approaching him as prescribed with obeisances being on a payo vrata [vow of drinking only, see 8.16], for a daughter. (Vedabase)

 

Text 15

The ritvik in charge [the adhvaryu] told the priest performing the oblations [the hota] to engage with this in mind, whereupon the brahmin took the ghee and recited the mantra vashath ['unto the Living Being'].

Thus requested executed the rtvik priest the ceremony, with great attention taking the ghee to commence the oblation to which the brahmin chanted the mantra 'vashat' ['to the Living Being']. (Vedabase)

  

Text 16

With that transgression of the performing priest a daughter was born named Ilâ ['the libation']. When Manu saw her he most dissatisfied said to his guru:

By the transgression of the performing priest was a daughter born named Ilâ ['the libation'] and Manu upon seeing her, not being satisfied, then said to his guru: (Vedabase)
 
Text 17

'Oh my lord, what is this? As a result of the actions of you transcendentalists, there is alas this painful deviation. This rebellion against the Absolute Truth never should have happened!

'O my lord, what is this, as a result of the actions of you, followers of Brahmâ, alas there is this painful deviation - to the mantras this opposite that should not have taken place! (Vedabase)

 

Text 18

How could you, versed in Vedic knowledge, connected and austere of whom all impurities were burned away, deviate from your decision? Since when are the demigods of false promises?'

How could, of the society of the wise and learned of you all aware of the Absolute Truth, composed of penance, with all impurities burnt away, there be such a discrepancy to the determination - such a falsehood?' (Vedabase)

 

Text 19

Having heard what he said, the most powerful one, their great-grandfather Vasishthha who had understanding for the mistake the performing priest had made, spoke to [Manu] the son of the sun god.

Hearing that been said by him, the most powerful one, the Manu, spoke their great-grandfather, Vasishthha to the son of the sungod, with understanding for the flaw with the performing priest. (Vedabase)

 

Text 20

'This unexpected result was the consequence of the wrong action of your priest. I will employ however my power to give you a nice son!'

To this discrepancy to the purpose of your priest deviating to the intended outcome, I'm still from my own prowess capable to bring you a nice son.'(Vedabase)

 

Text 21

With that decision oh King, the renown powerful master Vasishthha offered prayers to the Original Person with the wish that Ilâ turned into a man.

Thus decided, o King, offered the renown powerful master Vasishthha prayers unto the Original Person to have of Ilâ a turn to manhood. (Vedabase)

 

Text 22

Pleased by him the Supreme Controller Hari granted the desired benediction so that Ilâ became a nice man who was called Sudyumna.

Pleased with him granted the Supreme Controller Hari the desired benediction of Ilâ becoming consequently a nice man called Sudyumna. (Vedabase)

 

Text 23-24

One day Sudyumna was on a hunting trip in the forest oh King and was accompanied by a couple of associates. While riding a horse from Sindhuprades'a he went north in pursuit of the game. For the occasion the hero was equiped with a beautiful bow with remarkable arrows and an armor. 

Sudyumna once on a hunting tour in the forest, o King, accompanied by a couple of associates and riding a horse from Sindhupradesha, went north in pursuit of the animals as a hero holding bow and arrows and wearing a most remarkable armor. (Vedabase)


Text 25

At the foot of mount Meru he happened to enter the Sukumâra forest where the mighty Lord S'iva is enjoying with his wife Umâ.

At the foot of mount Meru he entered the Sukumâra forest wherein the mighty Lord S'iva is enjoying with his wife Umâ. (Vedabase)

 

Text 26

Having entered there oh ruler of man, Sudyumna, the pre-eminent hero, saw himself changed into a woman and his horse into a mare [see also 5.17: 15].

Having entered there saw Sudyumna, the hero above all, himself indeed changed into a woman and his horse into a mare, o ruler of man [see also 5.17: 15]. (Vedabase)

 

Text 27

All his companions were also changed into the opposite sex and seeing each other like this they got very depressed.'

So were all of his companions transformed to the opposite sex and seeing each other like this they became very depressed.' (Vedabase)

 

Text 28

The honorable king [Parîkchit] said: 'How can that realm have this quality? How came this about oh mighty one? This is what we very much would like to hear you deliberate on.'

The honorable king [Parîkchit] said: 'How can that realm have this quality or why, o mighty one, did that happen, this is what I ask you very eagerly awaiting you to deliberate on this.' (Vedabase)

 

Text 29

S'rî S'uka answered: 'Saints fixed in their vows dispelling the darkness in every direction, once came there to see the Lord of the Mountain, S'iva. 

S'rî S'uka answered: 'Once upon a time came the great saints to see the Lord of the Mountain, S'iva, there in that forest; best in the vow having cleared the darkness of each direction they so arrived there. (Vedabase)

 

Text 30

Ambikâ [Durgâ] who sat naked on her husband's lap was most ashamed when she saw them. Quickly she got up and covered her breasts. 

Ambikâ [Durgâ] naked on her husbands lap was very ashamed when she saw them and quickly got up covering her breasts. (Vedabase)

 

Text 31

The saints seeing the two enjoying sexual intercourse desisted from proceeding further and departed immediately for the âs'rama of Nara-Nârâyana. 

The saints seeing the two enjoying sex desisted from proceeding further and left immediately that place for the âs'rama of Nara-Nârâyana. (Vedabase)

 

Text 32

Because of this the mighty Lord wishing to please his sweetheart said: 'Anyone who enters this place will turn into a woman on the spot!' 

Because of this said the mighty lord for the pleasure of his sweetheart: 'Anyone who enters this place will as a consequence verily turn into a woman!' (Vedabase)

 

Text 33

Ever since males in particular do not enter that forest whereabout she [Sudyumna] in the company of her associates [now] wandered about from stretch to stretch. 

Ever since do in particular males not enter that forest about which she [Sudyumna] accompanied by her associates was sure to keep wandering around. (Vedabase)

 

Text 34

When she as a most exciting woman, thus surrounded by other women was loitering near his âs'rama, the powerful Budha [the son of the moon and deity of Mercury] wished to enjoy her. 

With her, the most enticing woman, this way surrounded by other woman loitering nearby his âs'rama, desired the powerful Budha [the son of the moon and deity of Mercury] to enjoy her. (Vedabase)

 

Text 35

She also longed to have him, the beautiful son of king Soma, for her husband and thus she from him gave birth to a son named Purûravâ.

She who also longed to have him, so beautiful as the son of king moon, for her husband and in her womb he thus begot Purûravâ, a son. (Vedabase)

 

Text 36

I've heard that Sudyumna who thus as a king born from Manu had achieved the female status, [then] remembered Vasishthha, the preceptor of the family. 

This way having achieved femininity did Sudyumna, as a king born of Manu, remember Vashishta, the preceptor of the family, so I've heard. (Vedabase)

 

Text 37

The merciful sage seeing him in that condition was very aggrieved. He desired the return of his maleness and began to pray to Lord S'ankara [S'iva]. 

He upon seeing him in that condition was very aggrieved and desiring maleness began he out of his mercy to worship Lord S'ankara [S'iva]. (Vedabase)

 

Text 38-39

S'iva being pleased with him oh servant of the state, in order to keep his promise [to Umâ] and to show the sage his love, said: 'This disciple of your line will one month be a female and the next month be a male. Sudyumna may with this arrangement [then] rule the world as he likes.'

Pleased with him said he, o servant of rule, keeping true to his given word and to show the sage his love: 'This disciple of your line will every other month be a female and with this settlement may Sudyumna as desired rule the world.' (Vedabase)

 

Text 40

With this settlement he by the mercy of the âcârya acquired the desired maleness and ruled over the entire world, even though the citizens were not quite happy with it.

With this arrangement by the mercy of the âcârya having the desired maleness ruled he the whole world although the citizens were not satisfied with him. (Vedabase)

 

Text 41

From Sudyumna three sons were born listening to the names of Utkala, Gaya and Vimala oh King. They became kings over the southern realm and were very religious. 

Of Sudyumna there were three sons listening to the names of Utkala, Gaya and Vimala, o King; they became kings over the southern realm and were very religious. (Vedabase)

 

Text 42

Thereafter, when the time was ripe, the master of the kingdom who was so mighty, handed the world over to his son Purûravâ and left for the forest.'

Thereafter when the time was ripe handed the master of the kingdom so mighty the world over to his son Purûravâ and departed he for the forest. (Vedabase)

 

 

  

 

 

Creative Commons License
The text and audio are offered under the conditions of the
Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 3.0 Unported License.
The painting is titled 'Shakuntala stops to look back' and is of Raja Ravi Varma. Source.
Production:
Filognostic Association of The Order of Time


  

 

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