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Canto 10

Vancha Kalpa

 



Chapter 32: Krishna Returns to the Gopîs

(1) S'rî S'uka said: 'The gopîs oh King, thus went on singing and speaking deliriously, endearingly weeping loudly and hankering for the audience of Krishna. (2) The son of Vasudeva [or S'auri, 'the Son of the Hero'], the Bewilderer of [Cupid] the bewilderer of the mind, thereupon appeared directly before them, smiling with His lotuslike face and wearing a yellow garment and a garland. (3) When they saw that He, their dearest one, had returned to them, the girls full of affection opened their eyes wide and stood all simultaneously up as if life itself had returned to their bodies. (4) One of them joyfully seized the hand of S'auri with her folded palms while another one put His arm, adorned with sandalwood paste, around her shoulder. (5) A slender gopî took the remnants of the bethel He had chewed in her joined hands and another one took His lotus feet and placed them on her burning breasts. (6) Another one with frowning eyebrows biting her lips threw, beside herself in her love, agitated, sidelong looks at Him as if she wanted to harm Him. (7) Another one [said to be Râdhâ] staring at Him relished His lotus face but could, despite the full taste, not get enough, just like saints cannot get enough of His feet. (8) One of them placed Him, through the openings of her eyes, in her heart and kept embracing Him there with her eyes closed, while her hairs stood on end being drowned in ecstasy, as if she was a yogi [*]. (9) All of them experienced a supreme jubilation at the sight of Kes'ava and gave up the distress of their separation, just like normal people do when they meet a spiritually enlightened person. (10) My dear King, in the midst of those who were relieved of their sorrow, Acyuta, the Supreme Lord, appeared even more brilliant, as the Original Person complete with all His spiritual potencies. (11-12) The Almighty One took them with Him and arrived at the banks of the Yamunâ. There the auspicious river with the hands of her waves had collected soft sands. The kunda and mandâra flowers fragrantly bloomed with bees [attracted] by the autumnal breeze, while the moon, plentifully shining, with its rays dispelled the darkness of the night. (13) The pain of the desires in their heart was dispelled by the ecstasy of seeing Him. By arranging a seat for their dear friend with their shawls that were smeared with the kunkuma from their breasts, the gopîs attained the ultimate fulfillment of their souls as [described in] the scriptures [see also 10.87: 23]. (14) The Supreme Lord and Controller for whom the masters of yoga arrange a seat in their hearts, present in the assembly of the gopîs was seated there resplendently. Thus exhibiting His personal form He was worshiped as the exclusive reservoir of all beauty and opulence in the three worlds. (15) He who awakens Cupid, was honored with smiles, with playful glances, with sporting their eyebrows, with massaging His feet and hands upon their laps and was thus offered praise, but still being somewhat incensed they addressed Him. (16) The fine gopîs said: 'Some follow the example of those who respect them, some show respect without being respected themselves and some have no love for anyone. Oh dear one, can You explain that to us?'



(17) The Supreme Lord said: 'Friends who exclusively to their self-interest reciprocate with respect, are no real friends that way because they in desiring their benefit do not follow the principle. (18) They who are respectful and kind without being respected themselves, like parents e.g., are faultless in their sense of duty and of real friendship oh slender girls. (19) As for those who have no respect, nor even answer the love they receive from others, one may speak of either [spiritually] self-satisfied souls, people whose material desires were fulfilled, ungrateful, dissatisfied human beings or else persons inimical towards venerable personalities [like spiritual masters and superiors]. (20) But I My friends, despite the respect I receive from other living beings, do not reciprocate that propensity [for pure love] in order to let it increase. Someone will entertain no thought of anything else then, just like a poor man who collected some wealth and is afraid to loose it again [see also B.G. 4: 11 and 10.29: 27]. (21) Because of your for My sake defying of what the people, the scriptures and your relatives all say and because of [My desire to increase] your propensity to love Me, I have answered by disappearing from your sight My dear girls [**]. So do not be displeased with your Beloved, oh dear ones. (22) I will, not even living as long as a god in heaven, be able to repay you for your unadulterated worship of Me. May your own pious activities constitute the answer [be the reward] for that cutting with the so difficult to overcome chains of your household lives.'

 

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Third revised edition, loaded November 26, 2013. 

 

 

 

 

 

Previous Aadhar edition and Vedabase links:

Text 1

S'rî S'uka said: 'The gopîs oh King, thus went on singing and speaking deliriously, endearingly weeping loudly and hankering for the audience of Krishna.
S'rî S'uka said: 'Thus the gopîs went on singing and speaking crying endearingly out aloud, hankering, o King, for the audience of Krishna. (Vedabase)

 

Text 2

The son of Vasudeva [or S'auri, 'the Son of the Hero'], the Bewilderer of [Cupid] the bewilderer of the mind, thereupon appeared directly before them, smiling with His lotuslike face and wearing a yellow garment and a garland.

The son of Vasudeva [or S'auri, 'the Son of the Hero'], the Bewilderer of [Cupid] the bewilderer of the mind, appeared directly before them smiling with His lotuslike face, wearing a yellow garment and a garland. (Vedabase)

 

Text 3

When they saw that He, their dearest one, had returned to them, the girls full of affection opened their eyes wide and stood all simultaneously up as if life itself had returned to their bodies.

To see Him, their dearmost, returned, opened the girls full of affection their eyes wide open and stood they all together up at once as if their life had returned to their bodies. (Vedabase)

 

Text 4

One of them joyfully seized the hand of S'auri with her folded palms while another one put His arm, adorned with sandalwood paste, around her shoulder.

One of them joyfully seized the hand of S'auri with her folded palms while another one put His arm, adorned with sandalwood paste, around her shoulder. (Vedabase)

 

Text 5

A slender gopî took the remnants of the bethel He had chewed in her joined hands and another one took His lotus feet and placed them on her burning breasts.

A slender one with her hands joined took the remnants of the bethel He had chewed and another one took His lotusfeet and placed them on her burning breasts. (Vedabase)

 

Text 6

Another one with frowning eyebrows biting her lips threw, beside herself in her love, agitated, sidelong looks at Him as if she wanted to harm Him.

One, with frowning eyebrows biting her lips was, beside herself in her love of God, agitated throwing sidelong looks as if she could kill Him. (Vedabase)

 

Text 7

Another one [said to be Râdhâ] staring at Him relished His lotus face but could, despite the full taste, not get enough, just like saints cannot get enough of His feet.

Another one [said to be Râdhâ] with eyes staring relishing His lotus face could, although having the full taste, just like saints meditating on His feet, not get enough. (Vedabase)

   

Text 8

One of them placed Him, through the openings of her eyes, in her heart and kept embracing Him there with her eyes closed, while her hairs stood on end being drowned in ecstasy, as if she was a yogi [*].

One of them, placed Him through the openings of her eyes in her heart and kept on embracing Him there eyes closed, with her hairs standing on end drowned in ecstasy like she was a yogi. [*] (Vedabase)

 

Text 9

All of them experienced a supreme jubilation at the sight of Kes'ava and gave up the distress of their separation, just like normal people do when they meet a spiritually enlightened person.

All of them feeling a joy of supreme jubilee at the sight of Kes'ava gave up the distress of their separation, just like people in general do when they meet with a spiritually enlightened person. (Vedabase)

 

Text 10

My dear King, in the midst of those who were relieved of their sorrow, Acyuta, the Supreme Lord, appeared even more brilliant, as the Original Person complete with all His spiritual potencies.

In the midst of them, who were fully relieved of their sorrow, appeared Acyuta, the Supreme Lord, even more brilliant, my dearest, alike the Original Personality with His transcendental potencies. (Vedabase)

   

 Text 11-12

The Almighty One took them with Him and arrived at the banks of the Yamunâ. There the auspicious river with the hands of her waves had collected soft sands. The kunda and mandâra flowers fragrantly bloomed with bees [attracted] by the autumnal breeze, while the moon, plentifully shining, with its rays dispelled the darkness of the night.

The Almighty One taking them with Him arrived at the soft sandbanks of the Yamunâ that the auspicious river had collected by the hands of her waves. There the kunda and mandara flowers with their bees bloomed fragrant in the autumnal breeze as the moon, plentifully shining, with its rays dispelled the dark of night. (Vedabase)

   

Text 13

The pain of the desires in their heart was dispelled by the ecstasy of seeing Him. By arranging a seat for their dear friend with their shawls that were smeared with the kunkuma from their breasts, the gopîs attained the ultimate fulfillment of their souls as [described in] the scriptures [see also 10.87: 23].

By the ecstasy of seeing Him was the pain of the desires in their heart driven away; they attained the ultimate fulfillment of their souls as is revealed by the scriptures in arranging a seat for their dear friend with their shawls that were smeared by the kunkuma of their breasts [see also 10.87: 23]. (Vedabase)

 

Text 14

The Supreme Lord and Controller for whom the masters of yoga arrange a seat in their hearts, present in the assembly of the gopîs was seated there resplendently. Thus exhibiting His personal form He was worshiped as the exclusive reservoir of all beauty and opulence in the three worlds.

He, the Supreme Lord and Controller, for whom the masters of Yoga arrange a seat in their hearts, seated there resplendent was, present in the assembly of the gopîs thus exhibiting His personal form, worshiped as the exclusive reservoir of all beauty and opulence in the three worlds. (Vedabase)

 

Text 15

He who awakens Cupid, was honored with smiles, with playful glances, with sporting their eyebrows, with massaging His feet and hands upon their laps and was thus offered praise, but still being somewhat incensed they addressed Him.

Honoring Him, the inciter of Cupid, with smiles, with playful glances, sporting their eyebrows and massaging the feet and hands upon their laps, offered they their praise, but still somewhat incensed they addressed Him. (Vedabase)

 

Text 16

The fine gopîs said: 'Some follow the example of those who respect them, some show respect without being respected themselves and some have no love for anyone. Oh dear one, can You explain that to us?'

The fine gopîs said: 'Some reciprocate with those who respect them, some show respect to the [ones acting] contrary and some reciprocate with neither of both; please o dearest, tell us how it factually is.' (Vedabase)

 

Text 17

The Supreme Lord said: 'Friends who exclusively to their self-interest reciprocate with respect, are no real friends that way because they in desiring their benefit do not follow the principle.

The Supreme Lord said: 'Those who as friends mutually reciprocate exclusively for their own sake, are in that endeavor indeed not to the principle, not of true friendship; they are after their own benefit, nothing else. (Vedabase)

 

Text 18

They who are respectful and kind without being respected themselves, like parents e.g., are faultless in their sense of duty and of real friendship oh slender girls.

They who devout are of mercy with those who do not reciprocate, the way e.g. one's parents are, are faultless to the principle in this and of real friendship, o slender girls. (Vedabase)

 

Text 19

As for those who have no respect, nor even answer the love they receive from others, one may speak of either [spiritually] self-satisfied souls, people whose material desires were fulfilled, ungrateful, dissatisfied human beings or else persons inimical towards venerable personalities [like spiritual masters and superiors].

Some are sure not to reciprocate even with the devout; what indeed should one say of those who do not reciprocate, of the [spiritually] self-satisfied, of the ones who have all their desires fulfilled, of the ingrates and of those who are inimical towards the venerable? (Vedabase)


Text 20

But I My friends, despite the respect I receive from other living beings, do not reciprocate that propensity [for pure love] in order to let it increase. Someone will entertain no thought of anything else then, just like a poor man who collected some wealth and is afraid to loose it again [see also B.G. 4: 11 and 10.29: 27].

I then my friends, do not always reciprocate with those who are of worship so that their [- and your -] propensity may actuate and there with them like with a poor man who acquired wealth, full of anxiety to lose it, is no thought of anything else [see also B.G. : 4.11 and 10. 29: 27]. (Vedabase)


Text 21

Because of your for My sake defying of what the people, the scriptures and your relatives all say and because of [My desire to increase] your propensity to love Me, I have answered by disappearing from your sight My dear girls [**]. So do not be displeased with your Beloved, oh dear ones.

Thus with your for My sake defying of what the people, the scriptures and your relatives say did I, my dear girls, actually reciprocating indeed with Your compliance unto Me [**], vanish; you should therefore not grumble at your Beloved, my dear ones. (Vedabase)

 

Text 22

I will, not even living as long as a god in heaven, be able to repay you for your unadulterated worship of Me. May your own pious activities constitute the answer [be the reward] for that cutting with the so difficult to overcome chains of your household lives.'

Not even living as long as a god in heaven am I able to repay you who so free from deceit are worshiping Me; let that cutting with the difficult to overcome chains of your household lives be returned by its own virtue. (Vedabase)


*: S'rîla Vis'vanâtha Cakravartî Thhâkura states that the seven gopîs mentioned thus far in this chapter are the first seven of the eight principal gopîs of which the S'rî Vaishnava-toshanî in a verse gives the names as being Candrâvalî, S'yâmalâ, S'aibyâ, Padmâ, S'rî Râdhâ, Lalitâ and Vis'âkhâ. The eighth one is understood to be Bhadrâ. The Skanda Purâna declares these eight gopîs to be the principal ones among the three billion gopîs and Râdhâ is, as confirmed in the Padma Purâna, Brihad-gautamîya-tantra and the Rig-paris'ishtha, the Lord's most beloved one.

**: Intermitted reinforcement as practiced by Krishna so evanescently here, in fact creates the strongest bond, so confirms modern behavioral science. Thus with all His religions everywhere in the world there are days of materially motivated work where we do not see Him as He vanishes into the background, and days of prayer where we do meet Him by His representatives.

 

 

 

 


Creative Commons License
The text and audio are offered under the conditions of the
Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 3.0 Unported License.
The painting is titled: "Krishna and the gopis" Bhâgavata-Purâna-Manuscript,
from a collection of reproductions by The Yorck Project. Image public domain.
Production:
Filognostic Association of The Order of Time.

 

 

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