rule



 

Canto 3

Gaura Ârati

 

 

Chapter 30: Lord Kapila Describes the Adverse Consequences of Fruitive Activities

(1) Kapila said: 'Just like a mass of clouds has no knowledge of the powerful wind, a person has no knowledge of this time factor, even though he is being conditioned by it. (2) Whatever the goods are that one with difficulty acquired for one's happiness are destroyed by the Supreme Lord [in the form of Time] and because of this the person laments. (3) In his ignorance he foolishly thinks that the temporality of having a home, land and wealth for the sake of his body, would be something permanent. (4) The living being finding its satisfaction in this worldly existence, will irrespective the birth that was acquired, be in consonance with it. (5) Even physically living in hell a person, who in truth is deluded by the illusory material potency of God, does not want to give up his hellish pleasures. (6) With his body, wife, children, home, animals, wealth and friendships deeply rooted in his heart, he thinks of himself as being a great success. (7) Burning with anxiety about maintaining all the members of his dear family, he is constantly of sin and with a bad mind acting like a fool. (8) With his heart and senses charmed by a woman he sees in private and by the display of the sweet words of his children, he is of the falsehood of the outer illusion [of non-permanent matters being eternal]. (9) Involved in the household duties of his family life that gives rise to all kinds of trouble, he is busy countering these miseries attentively and thinks that that will make him happy as a householder. (10) By means of the wealth that here and there with violence [and victims] was secured, he maintains his family, but he goes down himself when he for his own maintenance may eat what was left over from the meal. (11) When he time and again ruled by greed [enviously] desires the wealth that is enjoyed by others, he himself gets into trouble in exercising his profession and is thus ruined. (12) No longer capable of maintaining his family the unfortunate wretch bereft of wealth and beauty then sighs with a bewildered intelligence full of grief over everything he tried in vain.

(13) No longer capable of maintaining his wife and so on, he finds himself not respected as before, just as an old ox is not respected the same way by his farmer. (14) Even though he now is maintained by those he once maintained, he doesn't develop any aversion. He, getting deformed of old age, rather stays at home to await his death. (15) There he remains and eats like a pet dog that what indifferently is placed before him and falls sick with indigestion, eating little and doing little. (16) Because of the inner pressure his eyes bulge out and with his windpipe congested with mucus he coughs and has difficulty breathing, only saying 'ugha ugha'. (17) Lying down surrounded by his lamenting friends and relatives he, unconscious in the grip of the noose of time, cannot speak although it's the time for it. (18) Thus, having engrossed in maintaining his family, he has no control over his mind and senses and dies in great pain, while his relatives cry as he passes away. (19) Witnessing the arrival of the servants of death with their terrible eyes full of wrath he because of the fear in his heart passes stool and urine. (20) They like the king's soldiers immobilize his body by binding him in ropes for his punishment and then drag him like a criminal forcefully by the neck over a long distance. (21) In his heart broken by their threatening presence he, overtaken, trembles on the road and is bitten by dogs in the distress of remembering his sins. (22) Afflicted by hunger, thirst and the radiation of scorching forest fires and winds on hot and sandy roads, he feels how he painfully is beaten on his back with a whip, while he unable to move finds no refuge or water. (23) Falling now and then he gets tired and loses consciousness, and then reawakens on the road of his misery where he quickly is led before the eternal ruler of death [Yamarâja]. (24) He sees his entire life pass by in a few moments [he passes 'ninety-nine thousand yojanas'] and then receives the punishment he deserves. (25) Then with his limbs covered by firewood he is cremated or sometimes sees that he eats his own flesh or that it is done by other creatures. (26) Vividly he then witnesses how dogs pull out his entrails at his last resting place where serpents, scorpions, gnats and so on pester him to his abhorrence. (27) He sees how one by one his limbs come off being seized by big and small animals who tear him apart, throw him from heights or drag him under water or into caves. (28)  Because of loose association [not being of a steady sexual relationship] one must, whether one is a man or a woman, undergo the requital in hellish states of anger, self-destruction and bewilderment [tâmisra, andha-tâmisra and raurava and such, see 5.26].

(29) Oh mother, because one can observe [the downside of] these hellish pains here, one speaks of [finding] heaven as well as hell in this world. (30) He who thus [in greed, attachment and infidelity] maintained his family or lived for his stomach only, will upon leaving this world after he died have to face the consequences for himself as also for his family. (31) After quitting this vehicle of time he will enter the darkness all alone and pay the price for the harm that he in the care of his own interest did to others in envy of their fortune. (32) By divine ordinance the man sustaining a family has to undergo the hellish condition that resulted from his foul play, just like someone who lost his wealth. (33) Someone who in his eagerness to care for his family is simply godless in his actions, thus heads for the darkest region of self-destruction [andha-tâmisra]. (34) After he beginning from the lowest position [of an animal existence] prior to a human birth in due order has underwent all the requital and such, he being purified may again return to the human world on this planet.'

 

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   Third revised edition, loaded October 11, 2010.

   

 

 

Previous Aadhar edition and Vedabase links:

Text 1

Kapila said: 'Just like a mass of clouds has no knowledge of the powerful wind, a person has no knowledge of this time factor, even though he is being conditioned by it.
Kapila said: 'Despite of its great strength do people not know about the time factor and are they carried away by it, just like a mass of clouds is by the powerful wind. (Vedabase)


Text 2

Whatever the goods are that one with difficulty acquired for one's happiness are destroyed by the Supreme Lord [in the form of Time] and because of this the person laments.

Whatever the goods are that one for one's happiness with difficulty acquired; it is precisely that what is destroyed by the Supreme Lord and thereof does the person lament. (Vedabase)

  

Text 3

In his ignorance he foolishly thinks that the temporality of having a home, land and wealth for the sake of his body, would be something permanent.

Out of ignorance does the misguided person think that the temporary of his home, land and wealth in relation to his body, is something permanent. (Vedabase)

 

Text 4

 The living being finding its satisfaction in this worldly existence, will irrespective the birth that was acquired, be in consonance with it.

Certainly does the living entity find satisfaction in that worldly existence, not being averse to whatever of the kind he may belong to. (Vedabase)


Text 5

Even physically living in hell a person, who in truth is deluded by the illusory material potency of God, does not want to give up his hellish pleasures.

Even living in hell does a person, who in truth is in delusion about the Godhead, verily not wish to take leave of his hellish pleasures. (Vedabase)

 

Text 6

With his body, wife, children, home, animals, wealth and friendships deeply rooted in his heart, he thinks of himself as being a great success.

With this body, his wife, children, home, animals, wealth and friendships deeply rooted in his heart, he thinks himself to be of high achievement. (Vedabase)

 

Text 7

Burning with anxiety about maintaining all the members of his dear family, he is constantly of sin and with a bad mind acting like a fool.

Burning with anxiety about maintaining all the dear of his family, he is constantly in sin and with a bad mind acting like a fool. (Vedabase)

   

Text 8

With his heart and senses charmed by a woman he sees in private and by the display of the sweet words of his children, he is of the falsehood of the outer illusion [of non-permanent matters being eternal].

He is deluded by the charm of the false of having his heart to the senses with the display in private of the woman and the sweet words of the children. (Vedabase)

 

Text 9

Involved in the household duties of his family life that gives rise to all kinds of trouble, he is busy countering these miseries attentively and thinks that that will make him happy as a householder.

Involved in the household duties of family life, that give rise to all kinds of misery, he is busy countering these miseries attentively and thinks that that will make him happy as a householder. (Vedabase)

 

Text 10

By means of the wealth that here and there with violence [and victims] was secured, he maintains his family, but he goes down himself when he for his own maintenance may eat what was left over from the meal.

By means of the wealth here and there with violence secured, he maintains them and thereof eating the food they leave for him, he himself goes down. (Vedabase)

  

Text 11

When he time and again ruled by greed [enviously] desires the wealth that is enjoyed by others, he himself gets into trouble in exercising his profession and is thus ruined.

When he is hampered in the undertaking of his occupation, again and again overwhelmed by greed, does he, who longed for the welfare of others, find himself ruined. (Vedabase)

  

Text 12

No longer capable of maintaining his family the unfortunate wretch bereft of wealth and beauty then sighs with a bewildered intelligence full of grief over everything he tried in vain.

The unfortunate man unable to maintain his family, whose efforts are in vain, then wretched sighs, grieving bereft of beauty and bewildered in his intelligence. (Vedabase)

  

Text 13

No longer capable of maintaining his wife and so on, he finds himself not respected as before, just as an old ox is not respected the same way by his farmer.

Thus failing to maintain his wife and so on, he finds himself not respected as before, like an old ox is from its farmer. (Vedabase)

 

Text 14

Even though he now is maintained by those he once maintained, he doesn't develop any aversion. He, getting deformed of old age, rather stays at home to await his death.

Although there doesn't rise any aversion being maintained himself by those he once maintained, he, getting deformed of old age, stays home to meet death. (Vedabase)

 

Text 15

There he remains and eats like a pet dog that what indifferently is placed before him and falls sick with indigestion, eating little and doing little.

There he remains eating like a pet dog of what is negligently placed before him, gets diseased with indigestion, eats little and does little. (Vedabase)

  

Text 16

Because of the inner pressure his eyes bulge out and with his windpipe congested with mucus he coughs and has difficulty breathing, only saying 'ugha ugha'.

From the inner pressure his eyes bulge out and from his windpipe congested with mucus he coughs and has difficulty breathing, only saying 'ugha ugha'. (Vedabase)

  

Text 17

Lying down surrounded by his lamenting friends and relatives he, unconscious in the grip of the noose of time, cannot speak although it's the time for it.

Lying down surrounded by his lamenting friends and relatives he is gone, with the noose of time around his neck, not able to speak although it would be the time for it. (Vedabase)

 

Text 18

Thus, having engrossed in maintaining his family, he has no control over his mind and senses and dies in great pain, while his relatives cry as he passes away.

Thus, of being engrossed in maintaining his family, he has no control over his mind and senses and dies in great pain, while his relatives are crying over him losing his grip. (Vedabase)

 

Text 19

Witnessing the arrival of the servants of death with their terrible eyes full of wrath he because of the fear in his heart passes stool and urine.

Witnessing the arrival of the servants of Death with their terrible eyes full of wrath he, out of the fear in his heart, passes stool and urine. (Vedabase)

 

Text 20

They like the king's soldiers immobilize his body by binding him in ropes for his punishment and then drag him like a criminal forcefully by the neck over a long distance.

As the kings soldiers they immobilize his body as bound in ropes for his punishment and drag him like a criminal forceful by the neck for a long distance. (Vedabase)

 

Text 21

In his heart broken by their threatening presence he, overtaken, trembles on the road and is bitten by dogs in the distress of remembering his sins.

In his heart broken by their threatening presence he, overtaken, trembles on the road, bitten by the dogs of in distress remembering his sins. (Vedabase)

 

Text 22

Afflicted by hunger, thirst and the radiation of scorching forest fires and winds on hot and sandy roads, he feels how he painfully is beaten on his back with a whip, while he unable to move finds no refuge or water.

Afflicted by hunger, thirst and the radiation of scorching forestfires and winds on hot and sandy roads, he feels painfully beaten on his back with a whip, although he is unable to move and finds no refuge nor water. (Vedabase)

 

Text 23

Falling now and then he gets tired and loses consciousness, and then reawakens on the road of his misery where he quickly is led before the eternal ruler of death [Yamarâja].

By and by, getting tired, he loses his consciousness, and again reawakens on the road of his sins and is soon taken to the presence of the eternal ruler over death. (Vedabase)

 

Text 24

He sees his entire life pass by in a few moments [he passes 'ninety-nine thousand yojanas'] and then receives the punishment he deserves.

Within three to two hours he sees his whole life pass by [he passes 'a ninety-nine thousand yojanas'], finding the requital he deserves. (Vedabase)

 

Text 25

Then with his limbs covered by firewood he is cremated or sometimes sees that he eats his own flesh or that it is done by other creatures.

Then covered by firewood he is cremated or sometimes he sees himself being eaten as if he does that himself or else sees the other creatures doing so. (Vedabase)

 

Text 26

Vividly he then witnesses how dogs pull out his entrails at his last resting place where serpents, scorpions, gnats and so on pester him to his abhorrence.

From his individual soul he then witnesses how dogs pull out his entrails at his last resting place where serpents, scorpions, gnats and so on pester him to his abhorrence. (Vedabase)

 

Text 27

He sees how one by one his limbs come off being seized by big and small animals who tear him apart, throw him from heights or drag him under water or into caves.

One by one he sees his limbs coming of taken by big and small animals who tear him apart, throw him from heights or drag him under water or into caves. (Vedabase)

 

Text 28

Because of loose association [not being of a steady sexual relationship] one must, whether one is a man or a woman, undergo the requital in hellish states of anger, self-destruction and bewilderment [tâmisra, andha-tâmisra and raurava and such, see 5.26].

The men or women that were moved by loose association [illicit sex] undergo the requital in hellish states of anger, self-destruction and bewilderment [tâmisra, andha tâmisra and raurava and such, see 5.26]. (Vedabase)

 

Text 29

Oh mother, because one can observe [the downside of] these hellish pains here, one speaks of [finding] heaven as well as hell in this world.

O mother, because the return of hell for sure can also be seen here, one says that in this world one thus can meet as well with hell as with heaven. (Vedabase)

 

Text 30

He who thus [in greed, attachment and infidelity] maintained his family or lived for his stomach only, will upon leaving this world after he died have to face the consequences for himself as also for his family.

He who in the course of maintaining his family lived only for his stomach, will, leaving from here, after death find himself as well as his family undergo the consequences of that. (Vedabase)

 

Text 31

After quitting this vehicle of time he will enter the darkness all alone and pay the price for the harm that he in the care of his own interest did to others in envy of their fortune.

Alone he will enter the darkness after quitting this vehicle of time, paying the price for the harm he did to others in maintaining himself. (Vedabase)

 

Text 32

By divine ordinance the man sustaining a family has to undergo the hellish condition that resulted from his foul play, just like someone who lost his wealth.

By divine ordinance has the family man, like one who has lost his wealth, to undergo the hellish condition that he obtained as a reaction to his foul play. (Vedabase)

 

Text 33

Someone who in his eagerness to care for his family is simply godless in his actions, thus heads for the darkest region of self-destruction [andha-tâmisra].

A person who, eager to maintain his family does that verily by simply being of godless action, thus ultimately goes to the darkest regions of self-destruction. (Vedabase)

 

Text 34

After he beginning from the lowest position [of an animal existence] prior to a human birth in due order has underwent all the requital and such, he being purified may again return to the human world on this planet.'

After from the lowest position in due order having gone through all the requital and such, he, purified, may again return to the human world on this planet. (Vedabase)

 

 

  

 

 

 

 

 Creative Commons License
The text and audio are offered under the conditions of the

Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 3.0 Unported License
.

The picture is titled: "Death of the Strong Wicked Man".
It is an illustration to Robert Bair's 'The Grave', object 8, by
William Blake. Source.
Production:
Filognostic Association of The Order of Time


  

 

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