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Canto 9

Vibhâvarî S'esha

 


Chapter 21: The Dynasty of Bharata: the Story of Rantideva

(1) The son of Vyâsadeva said: 'From Manyu, the son of Vitatha [the name Bharadvâja carried because he was given to Bharata], there were the sons Brihatkshatra, Jaya, Mahâvîrya, Nara and Garga. Nara had a son called Sankriti. (2) From Sankriti there were Guru and Rantideva, oh scion of Pându. The glories of Rantideva are sung in this world and the next. (3-5) Subsisting on that what fate provided he [Rantideva] took pleasure in distributing to others whatever grain of food he had. Being very poor he with all his family members lived most soberly and had to suffer a lot. One morning, when forty-eight days had passed and he even was deprived of drinking water, he happened to receive water and different foodstuffs prepared with ghee and milk. While the family was shaky because of the thirst and hunger they suffered, that very moment a brahmin guest arrived who also liked to eat. (6) Rantideva conceived of the Lord as residing in each and everyone [see B.G. 5: 18] and thus he, with great respect and faith, gave him his share of the food. After the brahmin had eaten, he departed. (7) When he had divided the food for the family and was just about to eat, someone else arrived, a s'ûdra, whom he, thinking of the Lord, gave the food that was reserved for him, the king. (8) After the s'ûdra had left, yet another guest arrived who was surrounded by dogs. He said: 'Oh King, please provide me and my hungry dogs with food!'

(9) He, the one in power, honored them with his obeisances, and with great respect gave all the food that was left over to the dogs and their master. (10) After the food, only the drinking water remained, and that too had to satisfy some outcaste who, arriving there when the king was about to drink, asked him: 'I am just lowborn, but please give me some water!'

(11) Hearing the pitiable words of the exhausted man he, being deeply moved, compassionately spoke the following nectarean words: (12) 'I do not desire to attain the greatness of the eight perfections of the Supreme Lord [siddhis] nor the cessation of repeated births. I accept all hardship in my staying among all the embodied living beings, so that they are freed from their unhappiness. (13) Giving away my water to save this poor soul struggling for his life, I am freed from all the hunger, thirst, fatigue and shaking of my body, as also from all the poverty, distress, lamentation, depression and bewilderment!' (14) Thus expressing himself, that sober, kindhearted ruler gave the drinking water to the outcaste, even though he himself was on the verge of death because of his thirst. (15) Thereupon the controllers of the three worlds manifested themselves before him in their true identities, the gods who grant those who desire the fruits of all results, because they [in their previous appearances in the form of the brahmin, the man with the dogs, the s'ûdra and the outcaste] all had been creations of the illusory energy of Vishnu. (16) Being true to them as someone without material aspirations for any benefit or possessions [see B.G. 7: 20], he offered them his obeisances while he concentrated his mind upon Vâsudeva, the Supreme Lord as the ultimate goal. (17) Because he, having nothing in mind but being of service, had focussed his consciousness on the Supreme Controller, oh King, the illusory energy of the [three] material qualities meant nothing more to him than a dream [see also B.G. 7: 14 and 9: 34]. (18) All those associated with his lead, all the followers of Rantideva, became first-class [bhakti] yogis fully devoted to Lord Nârâyana [see also B.G. 6: 47].

(19-20) From Garga [see verse 1] there was S'ini and his son was Gârgya from whom, despite his kshatriya birth, an entire line of brahmins originated. From Mahâvîrya there was Duritakshaya whose sons were named Trayyâruni, Kavi and Pushkarâruni. They in this line all acquired the position of brahmins. Brihatkshatra's son Hastî founded the city of Hastinâpura [now Delhi]. (21) Ajamîdha, Dvimîdha and Purumîdha became the sons of Hastî. Ajamîdha's descendants were headed by Priyamedha. They were all brahmins. (22) From Ajamîdha there was Brihadishu, his son was Brihaddhanu, Brihatkâya succeeded him and he fathered a son called Jayadratha. (23) His son was Vis'ada from whom Syenajit was born. Rucirâs'va, Dridhahanu, Kâs'ya and Vatsa were the sons of Syenajit. (24) Rucirâs'va's son was Pâra and from him Prithusena and Nîpa were born. Nîpa generated hundred sons. (25) He had Brahmadatta with his wife Kritvî, who was the daughter of S'uka [not the one speaking this Bhâgavatam]. That son was a yogi who with his wife Sarasvatî produced a son called Vishvaksena. (26) By him [Vishvaksena] was, according to the instruction of the rishi Jaigîshavya, a description of yoga [a so-called tantra] compiled. He begot a son called Udaksena who became the father of Bhallâtha. These descendants were called the Brihadishus. (27) Yavînara the son of Dvimîdha had a son called Kritimân. He fathered a memorable son called Satyadhriti whose son Dridhanemi was the father of Supârs'va. (28-29) Supârs'va had Sumati whose son Sannatimân had one called Kritî. He received from Lord Brahmâ the mystic power and taught six samhitâs of Prâcyasâma verses [from the Sâma Veda]. From him Nîpa could take his birth who brought Udgrâyudha into the world. Udgrâyudha's son was called Kshemya and from him next Suvîra appeared. Suvîra then had the son Ripuñjaya. (30) His son was named Bahuratha. Purumîdha [the younger brother of Dvimîdha] was without a son. Ajamîdha had with his wife Nalinî the son Nîla who in his turn begot S'ânti. (31-33) S'ânti's son Sus'ânti had the son Puruja. Arka was his son and from him Bharmyâs'va was born. He had five sons: Mudgala, the eldest one, Yavînara, Brihadvis'va, Kâmpilla and Sañjaya. He told them: 'My sons, since you all have the competence, please take care of my five states.' They thus received the name the Pañcâlas [after the five states]. From Mudgala there was a line consisting of brahmins that was known as Maudgalya. (34) Mudgala, Bharmyâs'va's son, was the father of a non-identical twin, one male and one female. The boy was called Divodâsa and the girl was named Ahalyâ. S'atânanda was born from her marriage with Gautama [these are names that are also mentioned in the Ramâyana]. (35) From him there was a son called Satyadhriti, who was an expert in archery. S'aradvân, who was his son, gave life to a male and female child. Simply by seeing Urvas'î his semen had fallen on a clump of s'ara grass. The children were a great blessing. (36) Wandering around during a hunt king S'ântanu saw the twin. Out of compassion he then took them home. The boy he called Kripa and the girl Kripî. She later became Dronâcârya's wife.'

   

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  Third revised edition, loaded March 4, 2020.

 

 

 

 

Previous Aadhar edition and Vedabase links:

Text 1

The son of Vyâsadeva said: 'From Manyu, the son of Vitatha [the name Bharadvâja carried because he was given to Bharata], there were the sons Brihatkshatra, Jaya, Mahâvîrya, Nara and Garga. Nara had a son called Sankriti.
The son of Vyâsadeva said: 'From Vitatha [the name of Bharadvâja because he was given to Bharata] his son Manyu there were Brihatkshatra, Jaya, Mahâvîrya, Nara and Garga. Of them had Nara the son Sankriti. (Vedabase)

 

Text 2

From Sankriti there were Guru and Rantideva, oh scion of Pându. The glories of Rantideva are sung in this world and the next.

Sankriti had Guru and Rantideva, o scion of Pându; the glories of Rantideva are sung in this world and the next. (Vedabase)

 

Text 3-5

Subsisting on that what fate provided he [Rantideva] took pleasure in distributing to others whatever grain of food he had. Being very poor he with all his family members lived most soberly and had to suffer a lot. One morning, when forty-eight days had passed and he even was deprived of drinking water, he happened to receive water and different foodstuffs prepared with ghee and milk. While the family was shaky because of the thirst and hunger they suffered, that very moment a brahmin guest arrived who also liked to eat.

Living on what fate provided took he [Rantideva] pleasure in distributing to others whatever grain of food he had. Always penniless he with all his family members lived very sober and had to suffer a lot. One morning when forty-eight days had passed and he even was deprived of drinking water, it so happened that he received different foodstuffs, prepared with ghee and milk, and water. With the family all shaky of suffering thirst and hunger arrived that very moment a brahmin guest of Rantideva who also wanted to eat. (Vedabase)

 

Text 6

Rantideva conceived of the Lord as residing in each and everyone [see B.G. 5: 18] and thus he, with great respect and faith, gave him his share of the food. After the brahmin had eaten, he departed.

He, with great respect and faith conceiving the Lord as residing in each [see B.G. 5: 18], gave him his share of the food after which, having eaten, the twice-born one left from there. (Vedabase)

    

Text 7

When he had divided the food for the family and was just about to eat, someone else arrived, a s'ûdra, whom he, thinking of the Lord, gave the food that was reserved for him, the king.

Thereafter when he had divided the food for the family and just was about to eat arrived another one, a s'ûdra, whom he, remembering the Lord, gave the food allotted to him, the king. (Vedabase)

   

Text 8

After the s'ûdra had left, yet another guest arrived who was surrounded by dogs. He said: 'Oh King, please provide me and my hungry dogs with food!'

With the s'ûdra gone arrived there another guest surrounded by dogs who said: 'O king, provide me with food for me and my hungry dogs!' (Vedabase)

  

Text 9

He, the one in power, honored them with his obeisances, and with great respect gave all the food that was left over to the dogs and their master.

He, the one in power, gave with great respect the dogs and their master whatever that remained of the food, honoring them with his obeisances. (Vedabase)

 

Text 10

After the food, only the drinking water remained, and that too had to satisfy some outcaste who, arriving there when the king was about to drink, asked him: 'I am just lowborn, but please give me some water!'

Only the drinking water remained of the food and that also had to satisfy one out-caste who, arriving there when the king was about to drink, asked him: 'Please give me some water, even though I'm lowborn!' (Vedabase)

 

Text 11

Hearing the pitiable words of the exhausted man he, being deeply moved, compassionately spoke the following nectarean words:

Hearing the pitiable words of him so very exhausted spoke he, deeply touched, out of compassion these nectarean words: (Vedabase)

 

Text 12

'I do not desire to attain the greatness of the eight perfections of the Supreme Lord [siddhis] nor the cessation of repeated births. I accept all hardship in my staying among all the embodied living beings, so that they are freed from their unhappiness.

'I do not desire from the Supreme Controller to attain the great of the eight perfections [siddhis], nor do I ask for the cessation of a repeated birth; I accept all hardship in my stay among all the living beings so that they may become free from suffering. (Vedabase)

 

Text 13

Giving away my water to save this poor soul struggling for his life, I am freed from all the hunger, thirst, fatigue and shaking of my body, as also from all the poverty, distress, lamentation, depression and bewilderment!'

I am freed fom all the hunger, thirst, fatigue and a shaky body, as also from the poverty, distress, lamentation, depression and bewilderment, with my handing over my water to maintain the life of this poor soul desiring to stay alive!' (Vedabase)

 

Text 14

Thus expressing himself, that sober, kindhearted ruler gave the drinking water to the outcaste, even though he himself was on the verge of death because of his thirst.

Thus expressing himself gave he, that sober kindhearted ruler, although he of thirst was on the verge of death, the drinking water to the out-caste. (Vedabase)

 

Text 15

Thereupon the controllers of the three worlds manifested themselves before him in their true identities, the gods who grant those who desire the fruits of all results, because they [in their previous appearances in the form of the brahmin, the man with the dogs, the s'ûdra and the outcaste] all had been creations of the illusory energy of Vishnu.

Then manifested before him the controllers of the three worlds, the gods who for those desiring the fruits bestow all results, themselves in their true identities because it [their previous appearances in the form of the brahmin, the man with the dogs, the s'ûdra and the outcaste] had all been creations of the illusory energy of Vishnu. (Vedabase)

  

Text 16

Being true to them as someone without material aspirations for any benefit or possessions [see B.G. 7: 20], he offered them his obeisances while he concentrated his mind upon Vâsudeva, the Supreme Lord as the ultimate goal.

He being true with them as someone of no material aspirations for any benefit or possessions [see B.G. 7: 20] offered them his obeisances, concentrating in his mind upon Vâsudeva, the Supreme Lord as the ultimate goal. (Vedabase)

 

Text 17

Because he, having nothing in mind but being of service, had focussed his consciousness on the Supreme Controller, oh King, the illusory energy of the [three] material qualities meant nothing more to him than a dream [see also B.G. 7: 14 and 9: 34].

Fixing his consciousness in fully taking shelter with the Supreme Controller was he without deviation willing to serve only, o King, and was the illusory energy of the three modes nothing but a dream to him [see also B.G 7: 14 and 9: 34]. (Vedabase)


Text 18

All those associated with his lead, all the followers of Rantideva, became first-class [bhakti] yogis fully devoted to Lord Nârâyana [see also B.G. 6: 47].

Those associating to the lead of him, all followers of Rantideva, became first-class yogis all devoted to Lord Nârâyana [see also B.G. 6: 47]. (Vedabase)

 

Text 19-20

From Garga [see verse 1] there was S'ini and his son was Gârgya from whom, despite his kshatriya birth, an entire line of brahmins originated. From Mahâvîrya there was Duritakshaya whose sons were named Trayyâruni, Kavi and Pushkarâruni. They in this line all acquired the position of brahmins. Brihatkshatra's son Hastî founded the city of Hastinâpura [now Delhi].

From Garga [see verse 1] there was S'ini, from him appeared Gârgya, of whom despite of his kshatriya birth a whole line of brahmins originated. From Mahâvîrya there was Duritakshaya whose sons were named Trayyâruni, Kavi and Pushkarâruni. They in this line all achieved the position of brahmins. Hastî became Brihatkshatra's son who founded the city of Hastinâpura [now Delhi].  (Vedabase)

  

Text 21

Ajamîdha, Dvimîdha and Purumîdha became the sons of Hastî. Ajamîdha's descendants were headed by Priyamedha. They were all brahmins.

Ajamîdha, Dvimîdha and Purumîdha became the sons of Hastî. Ajamîdha's descendants headed by Priyamedha were all twice-born. (Vedabase)

 

Text 22

From Ajamîdha there was Brihadishu, his son was Brihaddhanu, Brihatkâya succeeded him and he fathered a son called Jayadratha.

From Ajamîdha there was Brihadishu, his son was Brihaddhanu, Brihatkâya came thereafter and his son was Jayadratha. (Vedabase)

   

Text 23

His son was Vis'ada from whom Syenajit was born. Rucirâs'va, Dridhahanu, Kâs'ya and Vatsa were the sons of Syenajit.

His son was Vis'ada of whom Syenajit was born and his sons were Rucirâs'va, Dridhahanu, Kâs'ya and Vatsa. (Vedabase)

   

Text 24

Rucirâs'va's son was Pâra and from him Prithusena and Nîpa were born. Nîpa generated hundred sons.

Rucirâs'va's son was Pâra, from Pâra was Prithusena born and a son called Nîpa, who managed to generate a hundred of them. (Vedabase)

 

Text 25

He had Brahmadatta with his wife Kritvî, who was the daughter of S'uka [not the one speaking this Bhâgavatam]. That son was a yogi who with his wife Sarasvatî produced a son called Vishvaksena.

He in his wife Kritvî, who was the daughter of S'uka [not the one speaking this Bhâgavatam], begot Brahmadatta, a yogi who in the womb of his wife Sarasvatî created a son called Vishvaksena.(Vedabase)

 

Text 26

By him [Vishvaksena] was, according to the instruction of the rishi Jaigîshavya, a description of yoga [a so-called tantra] compiled. He begot a son called Udaksena who became the father of Bhallâtha. These descendants were called the Brihadishus.

By the instruction of the rishi Jaigîshavya was in the past by him [Vishvaksena] a description of yoga [a so-called tantra] compiled. He had a son Udaksena and from him there was Bhallâtha. These descendants were called the Brihadishus. (Vedabase)

 

Text 27

Yavînara the son of Dvimîdha had a son called Kritimân. He fathered a memorable son called Satyadhriti whose son Dridhanemi was the father of Supârs'va.

Yavînara born of Dvimîdha had Kritimân for his son and his son well known is Satyadhriti whose son Dridhanemi was the father of Supârs'va. (Vedabase)

 

Text 28-29

Supârs'va had Sumati whose son Sannatimân had one called Kritî. He received from Lord Brahmâ the mystic power and taught six samhitâs of Prâcyasâma verses [from the Sâma Veda]. From him Nîpa could take his birth who brought Udgrâyudha into the world. Udgrâyudha's son was called Kshemya and from him next Suvîra appeared. Suvîra then had the son Ripuñjaya.

Supârs'va had Sumati whose son Sannatimân had one called Kritî, who from Lord Brahmâ got the mystic power to teach in the past the six samhitâs of the Prâcyasâma verses [from the Sâma Veda]. Of him could Nîpa take his birth of whom Udgrâyudha was born and his son was Kshemya of whom next appeared Suvîra. From Suvîra was there Ripuñjaya. (Vedabase)

 

Text 30

His son was named Bahuratha. Purumîdha [the younger brother of Dvimîdha] was without a son. Ajamîdha had with his wife Nalinî the son Nîla who in his turn begot S'ânti.

The one from him was named Bahuratha. Purumîdha [the younger brother of Dvimîdha] was without a son. Of Ajamîdha took from the wife Nalinî Nîla his birth who then had S'ânti for his son. (Vedabase)

 

Text 31-33

S'ânti's son Sus'ânti had the son Puruja. Arka was his son and from him Bharmyâs'va was born. He had five sons: Mudgala, the eldest one, Yavînara, Brihadvis'va, Kâmpilla and Sañjaya. He told them: 'My sons, since you all have the competence, please take care of my five states.' They thus received the name the Pañcâlas [after the five states]. From Mudgala there was a line consisting of brahmins that was known as Maudgalya.

S'ânti's son Sus'ânti had Puruja for his son, Arka was his son and from him was born Bharmyâs'va who had five sons with Mudgala as the eldest, followed by Yavînara, Brihadvis'va, Kâmpilla and Sañjaya. He prayed to them: 'My sons, if you're really capable, then take care of all the different states'. Thus received they the name the Pañcâlas [to the five states]. From Mudgala was there a line consisting of brahmins known as Maudgalya. (Vedabase)

 

Text 34

Mudgala, Bharmyâs'va's son, was the father of a non-identical twin, one male  and one female. The boy was called Divodâsa and the girl was named Ahalyâ. S'atânanda was born from her marriage with Gautama [these are names that are also mentioned in the Ramâyana].

A non-identical twin, one male one female, was born from Mudgala, Bharmyâs'va's son. The boy was called Divodâsa and the girl was named Ahalyâ. From her marriage with Gautama was S'atânanda born [personalities also mentioned in the Ramâyana]. (Vedabase)

 

Text 35

From him there was a son called Satyadhriti, who was an expert in archery. S'aradvân, who was his son, gave life to a male and female child. Simply by seeing Urvas'î his semen had fallen on a clump of s'ara grass. The children were a great blessing.

Of him there was a son Satyadhriti, an expert in archery, and of S'aradvân, his son, were, simply by him seeing Urvas'î of his semen falling on a clump of s'ara grass, a male and a female child born that were a great blessing. (Vedabase)

 

Text 36

Wandering around during a hunt king S'ântanu saw the twin. Out of compassion he then took them home. The boy he called Kripa and the girl Kripî. She later became Dronâcârya's wife.'

During a hunt wandering in the forest saw King S'ântanu the twin whom he out of compassion took with him, naming the boy Kripa and the girl Kripî. She later became Dronâcârya's wife. (Vedabase)

 

 

 

 

 

 

Creative Commons License
The text and audio are offered under the conditions of the
Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 3.0 Unported License.
The painting is titled: Rantideva worships God come in the form of man and His dogs.
Source:
Exoticindiaart.com, used with permission.
Production:
Filognostic Association of The Order of Time


 

 

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