rule



 

 
Canto 10

Gaura Ârati

 

 

Chapter 30: The Gopîs Search for Krishna Who Disappeared with Râdhâ



(1) S'rî S'uka said: 'When the Supreme Lord thus suddenly had disappeared, the young ladies of Vraja were as sorry not to see Him as she-elephants who miss their bull. (2) The women who in their hearts were overwhelmed by the movements, affectionate smiles, playful glances, charming talks and other graceful gestures of the husband of Ramâ, absorbed in Him thereupon enacted each of those wonderful activities. (3) The dear ones lost themselves in imitating the movements, smiles, beholding, talking and so on of their Beloved One, who factually thus was expressing Himself through their bodies. Under the influence of Krishna's ways they confided to each other: 'He is completely in me!' (4) Together they sang loudly about Him and searched like mad everywhere in the forest, asking the trees for the Original Personality who, like the ether, is both present inside and outside: (5) 'Oh as'vattha [holy fig tree], oh plaksha [waved-leaf fig tree], oh nyagrodha [banyan], have you seen the son of Nanda who has disappeared after He with His loving smiles and glances stole our hearts? (6) Oh kurabaka [red amaranth], as'oka, nâga, punnâga and campaka, have you seen passing the younger brother of Balarâma who with His smile vanquishes the pride of every girl who is too haughty? (7) Oh sweet tulasî have you who loves Govinda's feet so very much, seen our dearest Acyuta who carries you with swarms of bees around His neck? (8) Oh mâlati, jâti, yûthikâ and mallikâ jasmine, have you seen Mâdhava pass by who with His touch gives you pleasure? (9) Oh cûta [mango creeper], priyâla, panasa and âsana [jackfruit trees]; oh kovidâra [mountain ebony], jambu [rose-apple], arka, bilva [bel fruit], bakula [mimosa] and âmra [mango tree]; oh kadamba and nîpa and who else of you who for the sake of others live here near the bank of the Yamunâ, please be so kind to tell us whose minds were stolen, the path that Krishna took. (10) Oh [mother] earth, what austerity did you perform to have been touched by Kes'ava's feet with a joy that made your bodily hair [her grasses and such] stand on end? Or do you maybe owe your beauty to being trodden by the feet of Vâmanadeva [see 8.18-22] or maybe because you were embraced by the body of Varâha [3.13]? (11) Oh wife of the deer, oh friend, did you encounter Acyuta and His beloved one here, He who with all His limbs is a festival to your eyes? There is the fragrance in the air of the garland of the Master of the Gopîs that in touch with the breasts of His girlfriend was colored by the kunkum. (12) Oh trees, when Râma's younger brother passed by, with His arm placed on the shoulder of His sweetheart, with in His hand a lotus and with the tulasî flowers [around His neck] followed by a swarm of bees blind of intoxication, did He with His loving glances acknowledge that you were bowing down? (13) Let us ask these creepers. Despite embracing the arms of their master tree, they must have noticed the touch of His fingernails. Just see how their skins erupt with joy!'

(14) The gopîs thus speaking madly, being distraught in their search for Krishna, got fully immersed in Him when each of them began to act out a certain pastime of the Fortunate One. (15) One of them drank as Krishna with another one acting as Pûtanâ like an infant from her breast, while yet another one acting for the cart was kicked over by the foot of another gopî who was crying [see chapters 10.6 and 7]. (16) One gopî acting as Krishna was carried away by another gopî imitating a Daitya [Trinâvarta, see 10.7] while yet another one crawling about was tinkling with her ankle bells while dragging her feet behind her. (17) Two behaved like Krishna and Râma with some who acted like the gopas and killed one who played for Vatsâsura while yet another couple enacted what happened with Bakâsura [see 10.11]. (18) Just like Krishna calling for the cows far away, one gopî, who played like Him and acted like she was vibrating a flute, was praised by the others who said: 'Well done!' (19) One of them walked about with her arm placed over a [friend's] shoulder and declared: 'Look at my gracious movements, I am Krishna!' and was thus keeping her mind fixed on Him. (20) 'Do not be afraid of the wind and rain, your deliverance has been arranged by Me', one of them said while she with one hand managed to lift up her shawl [like it was Govardhana Hill, see 10.25]. (21) Oh master of men, one gopî climbing on top of another one declared with her foot on her head: 'Oh you wicked snake, go away, I have taken birth as the one to chastise the mischievous ones!' [see 10.16] (22) One of them said: 'Oh gopas, look at this fierce forest fire, quickly close your eyes, I will without any problem arrange for your protection.' (23) One slender gopî was tied up with a flower garland by another gopî who said: 'There You are, I bind You to the mortar, You pot breaker and butterthief!' and with that being said the other one covered her face and beautiful eyes, pretending to be afraid.

(24) This way being engaged and asking the trees and creepers everywhere in Vrindâvana where He was, they at one spot in the forest saw the footprints of the Supreme Soul: (25) 'These are clearly the footprints of the son of Nanda. You can tell by [looking at the marks of] the flag, the lotus, the thunderbolt, the barleycorn and the elephant goad [see *]. (26) The girls who led by the various footprints followed His trail, noticed to their dismay that they all the way were accompanied by the footprints of one of them. They thereupon said: (27) 'Whose footprints are these next to the ones of the son of Nanda? Over whose shoulder has He, as a bull with a she-elephant, placed His arm? (28) He must have been perfectly honored by her [ârâdhitah, see Râdhâ] as being the Supreme, One Lord and Controller, for Govinda, thus being pleased, has turned us down and taken her separate. (29) Oh girls, how sacred are the particles of dust of Govinda's lotus feet that by Lord Brahmâ, Lord S'iva and S'rî Ramâdevî [Lakshmî] are taken on their heads to dispel the [reactions upon the] sins? (30) For us these footprints of her are more unsettling, because, whom of us gopîs was taken aside to enjoy Acyuta's lips in seclusion? Look, here we don't see her feet anymore. The blades of grass and sprouts must have hurt the soles of her tender feet so that her love has lifted up His sweetheart. (31) Carrying His sweetheart the footprints pressed much deeper... Just see, oh gopîs, how, burdened by the weight, our so intelligent object of desire Krishna has placed His girlfriend down to pick some flowers. (32) And see these half footprints over here. To gather flowers for His sweetheart the One Beloved made this imprint by standing on His toes. (33) Furthermore, in order to arrange the design of her hair the love-stricken friend with His loving girl sat down precisely here in order to make for His sweetheart a crown from the flowers.'

(34) [S'rî S'uka said:] 'Even though Krishna was perfectly contented, satisfied and undivided within Himself, He enjoyed with her and thus demonstrated the covetousness and selfhood of man and women who are motivated by lust. (35-36) Krishna in this matter showed for the sake of which gopî He had abandoned the other women, the other gopîs who completely bewildered wandered around in the forest. She in her turn then thought of  herself: 'He has accepted me, the best of all women, as His beloved and has turned down the gopîs who were led by lust!'

(37) Thereupon going to that spot in the forest, she got proud and said to Krishna: 'I cannot move on, please carry me wherever You want to go.'

(38) Thus being addressed Krishna said to His sweetheart: 'Climb on My back.' and then He disappeared. She felt very sorry.

(39) 'Oh Master, oh Lover, oh Dearest, where are You, where are You? Oh mighty armed One, please my friend, show Yourself to  me, Your wretched maidservant!'

(40) S'rî S'uka said: 'The gopîs not far away following the trail of the Supreme Lord discovered their unhappy friend in a state of being bewildered about her separation from her Beloved. (41) To their utter amazement they heard her saying that she had received Mâdhava's respect but that He also had let her down because of her bad behavior. (42) As far as the light of the moon permitted they thereupon entered the forest [to look for Him], but finding themselves in the dark, the women desisted. (43) Absorbed in Him, discussing Him, imitating Him and filled with His presence they, simply singing about His qualities, no longer thought about their homes [see also 7.5: 23-24]. (44) Turning back to the bank of the Yamunâ they meditated on Krishna, sang together and eagerly awaited His arrival.'

 

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 Third revised edition, loaded November 14, 2013.

 

 

 

 

Previous Aadhar edition and Vedabase links:

Text 1

S'rî S'uka said: 'When the Supreme Lord thus suddenly had disappeared, the young ladies of Vraja were as sorry not to see Him as she-elephants who miss their bull.
S'rî S'uka said: 'When the Supreme Lord so suddenly disappeared were the young ladies of Vraja as sorry not to see Him as she-elephants missing their bull. (Vedabase)

 

Text 2

The women  who in their hearts were overwhelmed by the movements, affectionate smiles, playful glances, charming talks and other graceful gestures of the husband of Ramâ, absorbed in Him thereupon enacted each of those wonderful activities.

The smitten ones who in their hearts were overwhelmed by the movements, affectionate smiles, playful glances, charming talks and other games of enticement of the husband of Ramâ, enacted absorbed in Him each of those wonderful activities. (Vedabase)

 

Text 3

The dear ones lost themselves in imitating the movements, smiles, beholding, talking and so on of their Beloved One, who factually thus was expressing Himself through their bodies. Under the influence of Krishna's ways they confided to each other: 'He is completely in me!'

The dear ones lost in the movements, smiles, beholding, talking and so on of their Beloved - who factually thus was speaking through the women their bodies - doing so intimated intoxicated by Krishna's ways: 'He's all in me!'.  (Vedabase)

 

Text 4

Together they sang loudly about Him and searched like mad everywhere in the forest, asking the trees for the Original Personality who, like the ether, is both present inside and outside:

So all together singing out aloud about Him, searched they like mad hither and thither in the forest and inquired they with the trees for the Original Personality present alike the sky inside and outside: (Vedabase)

 

Text 5

'Oh as'vattha [holy fig tree], oh plaksha [waved-leaf fig tree], oh nyagrodha [banyan], have you seen the son of Nanda who has disappeared after He with His loving smiles and glances stole our hearts?

'O as'vattha [holy fig tree], o plaksha [waved-leaf fig tree], o nyagrodha [banyan], have you seen the son of Nanda, who has gone away after He with His loving smiles and glances stole our minds? (Vedabase)

 

Text 6

Oh kurabaka [red amaranth], as'oka, nâga, punnâga and campaka, have you seen passing the younger brother of Balarâma who with His smile vanquishes the pride of every girl who is too haughty?

O kurabaka [red amaranth], as'oka, nâga, punnâga and campaka, did you see the younger brother of Balarâma pass here who with His smile removes the pride of each girl too haughty?  (Vedabase)

 

Text 7

Oh sweet tulasî have you who loves Govinda's feet so very much, seen our dearest Acyuta who carries you with swarms of bees around His neck?

O sweet tulsî, loving Govinda's feet so much, have you seen that most dear Acyuta who carries you together with swarms of bees?  (Vedabase)

   

Text 8

Oh mâlati, jâti, yûthikâ and mallikâ jasmine, have you seen Mâdhava pass by who with His touch gives you pleasure?

O mâlati, jâti, yûthikâ and mallikâ jasmine, have you seen Mâdhava pass by, with His touch giving you pleasure? (Vedabase)

 

Text 9

Oh cûta [mango creeper], priyâla, panasa and âsana [jackfruit trees]; oh kovidâra [mountain ebony], jambu [rose-apple], arka, bilva [bel fruit], bakula [mimosa] and âmra [mango tree]; oh kadamba and nîpa and who else of you who for the sake of others live here near the bank of the Yamunâ, please be so kind to tell us whose minds were stolen, the path that Krishna took.

O mango creeper, priyâla, jackfruit, âsana, o kovidâra [mountain ebony], rose-apple, arka, bel-fruit, mimosa, and mango tree; o kadamba and nîpa and who else of you who for the sake of others live here near the bank of the Yamunâ, please be so kind to tell us, bewildered of mind, the path that Krishna took. (Vedabase)

   

 Text 10

Oh [mother] earth, what austerity did you perform to have been touched by Kes'ava's feet with a joy that made your bodily hair [her grasses and such] stand on end? Or do you maybe owe your beauty to being trodden by the feet of Vâmanadeva [see 8.18-22] or maybe because you were embraced by the body of Varâha [3.13]?

O earth, what austerity indeed have you performed to have been touched by Kes'ava's feet with a joy that made your bodily hair [her grasses and such] stand on end? Or do you maybe owe your beauty to the feet of Vâmanadeva [see 8.18-22] or because you were trodden and embraced by the body of Varâha [3.13]? (Vedabase)

   

Text 11

Oh wife of the deer, oh friend, did you encounter Acyuta and His beloved one here, He who with all His limbs is a festival to your eyes? There is the fragrance in the air of the garland of the Master of the Gopîs that in touch with the breasts of His girlfriend was colored by the kunkum.

O deer-wife, o friend, have you encountered Acyuta with His Beloved here, with His limbs giving pleasure to your eyes; there's the fragrance in the air of the Master of the Gopîs His garland colored by the kunkum of being in touch with the breasts of His Girlfriend. (Vedabase)

 

Text 12

Oh trees, when Râma's younger brother passed by, with His arm placed on the shoulder of His sweetheart, with in His hand a lotus and with the tulasî flowers [around His neck] followed by a swarm of bees blind of intoxication, did He with His loving glances acknowledge that you were bowing down?

O trees, when Râma's younger brother walked by, with His arm placed on the shoulder of His sweetheart, holding a lotus and with the tulsî-flowers swarming with bees following blindly of intoxication - did He with His loving glances acknowledge your bowing down? (Vedabase)

 

Text 13

Let us ask these creepers. Despite embracing the arms of their master tree, they must have noticed the touch of His fingernails. Just see how their skins erupt with joy!'

Let's ask these creepers, even though they embrace the arms of their master tree; they sure must have noticed the touch of His fingernails, just see how their skins erupt with joy!'  (Vedabase)

 

Text 14

The gopîs thus speaking madly, being distraught in their search for Krishna, got fully immersed in Him when each of them began to act out a certain pastime of the Fortunate One.

The gopîs thus speaking madly got, distraught in their search for Krishna, fully immersed in Him, with indeed each of them acting out the games of their Lord of Fortune. (Vedabase)

 

Text 15

One of them drank as Krishna with another one acting as Pûtanâ like an infant from her breast, while yet another one acting for the cart was kicked over by the foot of another gopî who was crying [see chapters 10.6 and 7].

One of them as Krishna drank with another one as Pûtanâ like an infant from her breast, while another acting for the cart was kicked over by the foot of another gopî crying [see chapters 10.6 and 7]. (Vedabase)

 

Text 16

One gopî acting as Krishna was carried away by another gopî imitating a Daitya [Trinâvarta, see 10.7] while yet another one crawling about was tinkling with her ankle bells while dragging her feet behind her.

One gopî acting for Krishna was carried away by another gopî imitating a daitya [Trinâvarta, see 10.7] while yet another one crawling about was tinkling with her anklebells as she dragged her feet. (Vedabase)

 

Text 17

Two behaved like Krishna and Râma with some who acted like the gopas and killed one who played for Vatsâsura while yet another couple enacted what happened with Bakâsura [see 10.11]

Two as Krishna and Râma and some acting like the gopas killed one doing Vatsâsura while an other one with one more did Bakâsura [see 10.11]. (Vedabase)

 

Text 18

Just like Krishna calling for the cows far away, one gopî, who played like Him and acted like she was vibrating a flute, was praised by the others who said: 'Well done!'

Just like Krishna calling for cows far away was one, who playing in imitation vibrated a flute, by the other gopîs praised with 'Good so!'. (Vedabase)

 

Text 19

One of them walked about with her arm placed over a [friend's] shoulder and declared: 'Look at my gracious movements, I am Krishna!' and was thus keeping her mind fixed on Him.

One of them walked about with her arm placed over a shoulder and declared: 'Look, I am Him, moving so graciously!' and was thus keeping her mind on Him. (Vedabase)

 

Text 20

'Do not be afraid of the wind and rain, your deliverance has been arranged by Me', one of them said while she with one hand managed to lift up her shawl [like it was Govardhana Hill, see 10.25].

 'Don't you fear that wind and rain, your deliverance has been arranged by Me' thus spoke one with one hand managing to lift up her upper garment [like it was Govardhana Hill, see: 10.25]. (Vedabase)

 

Text 21

Oh master of men, one gopî climbing on top of another one declared with her foot on her head: 'Oh you wicked snake, go away, I have taken birth as the one to chastise the mischievous ones!' [see 10.16]

O master of men, one that climbed on top of another one declared with her foot on her head: 'O wicked snake, go away, I have taken birth as the one to chastise the envious!' [see 10.16]  (Vedabase)

 

Text 22

One of them said: 'Oh gopas, look at this fierce forest fire, quickly close your eyes, I will without any problem arrange for your protection.'

Then one said: 'O gopas, see the forest fire so fierce; quickly close your eyes, I'll arrange for your protection as easy as that!' (Vedabase)

 

Text 23

One slender gopî was tied up with a flower garland by another gopî who said: 'There You are, I bind You to the mortar, You pot breaker and butterthief!' and with that being said the other one covered her face and beautiful eyes, pretending to be afraid.

One slender gopî tied up by another gopî with a flower garland said: 'There You are, I bind You to the mortar, You potbreaker and butterthief! and with that spoken covered one her face and beautiful eyes pretending to be afraid.  (Vedabase)

 

Text 24

This way being engaged and asking the trees and creepers everywhere in Vrindâvana where He was, they at one spot in the forest saw the footprints of Supreme Soul:

This way asking around in Vrindâvana with the trees and the creepers saw they at one spot in the forest the Supreme Soul His footprints: (Vedabase)

 

Text 25

'These are clearly the footprints of the son of Nanda. You can tell by [looking at the marks of] the flag, the lotus, the thunderbolt, the barleycorn and the elephant goad [see *].

'Indeed these are clearly the footprints of the son of Nanda as evidenced by the flag, the lotus, the thunderbolt, the barleycorn and the elephant goad [see footnote*]. (Vedabase)

 

Text 26

The girls who led by the various footprints followed His trail, noticed to their dismay that they all the way were accompanied by the footprints of one of them. They thereupon said:

Tracing out His path by the various footprints noticed the girls to their dismay the thoroughly intermingled footprints of one of them upon which they said: (Vedabase)

 

Text 27

'Whose footprints are these next to the ones of the son of Nanda? Over whose shoulder has He, as a bull with a she-elephant, placed His arm?

 'And to whom of us belong these footprints going with the son of Nanda; over whose shoulder has He as a bull with a she-elephant placed His arm? (Vedabase)

 

Text 28

He must have been perfectly honored by her [ârâdhitah, see Râdhâ] as being the Supreme, One Lord and Controller, for Govinda, thus being pleased, has turned us down and taken her separate.

He sure must have been perfectly venerated [ârâdhitah, see Râdhâ] as the Supreme One Lord and Controller by Her since Govinda being pleased, has turned us down and taken Her separate. (Vedabase)

 

Text 29

Oh girls, how sacred are the particles of dust of Govinda's lotus feet that by Lord Brahmâ, Lord S'iva and S'rî Ramâdevî [Lakshmî] are taken on their heads to dispel the [reactions upon the] sins?

O girls, how sacred the particles of dust of Govinda's lotusfeet that by Brahmâ, S'iva and Ramâdevi [Lakshmî] are taken on their heads to dispel the sins. (Vedabase)

 

Text 30

For us these footprints of her are more unsettling, because, whom of us gopîs was taken aside to enjoy Acyuta's lips in seclusion? Look, here we don't see her feet anymore. The blades of grass and sprouts must have hurt the soles of her tender feet so that her Love has lifted up His sweetheart.

For us are these footprints of Her more then unsettling because who of us gopîs was taken aside alone, in seclusion to enjoy Acyuta's lips? Look, here we don't see Her feet, the blades of grass and sprouts sure must have hurt the soles of Her tender feet so that Her Love lifted His Sweetheart up. (Vedabase)

 

Text 31

Carrying His sweetheart the footprints pressed much deeper... Just see oh gopîs, how, burdened by the weight, our so intelligent object of desire Krishna has placed His girlfriend down to pick some flowers.

Carrying His consort pressed the footprints much deeper, just see o gopîs, how, burdened by the weight, our so intelligent object of desire Krishna has placed his girlfriend down to pick some flowers. (Vedabase)

 

Text 32

And see these half footprints over here. To gather flowers for His sweetheart the One Beloved made this imprint by standing on His toes.

And see these half footprints here; to gather flowers for his Beloved made the Beloved this imprint standing on His toes. (Vedabase)

 

Text 33

Furthermore, in order to arrange the design of her hair the love-stricken friend with His loving girl sat down precisely here in order to make for His sweetheart a crown from the flowers.'

Further to arrange the design of Her hair did the affectionate one with His longing girl for sure sit down right here to make his Beloved a crown with them.'
(
Vedabase)

 

Text 34

[S'rî S'uka said:] 'Even though Krishna was perfectly contented, satisfied and undivided within Himself, He enjoyed with her and thus demonstrated the covetousness and selfhood of man and women who are motivated by lust.

[S'rî S'uka said:] He, although by the Soul perfectly contented and in Himself complete, did enjoy Himself with Her demonstrating the state of being fallen of people in love as also the self-centered of its femininity (Vedabase)

 

Text 35-36

Krishna in this matter showed for the sake of which gopî He had abandoned the other women, the other gopîs who completely bewildered wandered around in the forest. She in her turn then thought of  herself: 'He has accepted me, the best of all women, as His beloved and has turned down the gopîs who were led by lust!'

This way thus showing [Her] for which gopî Krishna had abandoned the other women, the other gopîs who completely bewildered wandered in the forest, thought She also then of herself: 'With Me as the best of all women, is He, rejecting the gopîs that are lead by lust, accepting Me as His Beloved!' (Vedabase)

 

Text 37

Thereupon going to that spot in the forest, she got proud and said to Krishna: 'I cannot move on, please carry me wherever You want to go.'

Going then to that spot in the forest said She, getting proud, to Krishna: 'I cannot move on, please carry Me to where You want'. (Vedabase)

 

Text 38

Thus being addressed Krishna said to His sweetheart: 'Climb on My back.' and then He disappeared. She felt very sorry.

Thus addressed said He to His Beloved: 'Climb on my back' and with these words Krishna disappeared to the pain of His consort. (Vedabase)

 

Text 39

'Oh Master, oh Lover, oh Dearest, where are You, where are You? Oh mighty armed One, please my friend, show Yourself to me, Your wretched maidservant!'

 'O Master, o Lover, o Dearest, where are You, where are You? O mighty armed One, please My friend show Yourself to Me, Your wretched maidservant!' (Vedabase)

 

Text 40

S'rî S'uka said: 'The gopîs not far away following the trail of the Supreme Lord discovered their unhappy friend in a state of being bewildered about her separation from her Beloved.

S'rî S'uka said: 'The gopîs not far away searching out the track of the Supreme Lord discovered their unhappy friend bewildered of her separation from Her Beloved. (Vedabase)

 

Text 41

To their utter amazement they heard her saying that she had received Mâdhava's respect but that He also had let her down because of her bad behavior.

To their utter amazement heard they Her saying that She had received Mâdhava's respect but that He also of Her being demanding had let Her down. (Vedabase)

 

Text 42

As far as the light of the moon permitted they thereupon entered the forest [to look for Him], but finding themselves in the dark, the women desisted.

They then entered as far as the light of the moon permitted into the forest but finding themselves in the dark desisted the women. (Vedabase)

 

Text 43

Absorbed in Him, discussing Him, imitating Him and filled with His presence they, simply singing about His qualities, no longer thought about their homes [see also 7.5: 23-24].

Absorbed in Him, discussing Him, imitating Him and filled with His presence simply singing His qualities they no longer remembered their own homes. [see also 7.5: 23-24].  (Vedabase)

 

Text 44

Turning back to the bank of the Yamunâ they meditated on Krishna, sang together and eagerly awaited His arrival.'

Turning back to the bank of the Yamunâ meditated they, all singing together, on Krishna, eagerly awaiting His arrival. (Vedabase)

 

*: In the Skanda Purâna is found an explanation of these [in total nineteen] marks: 'At the base of the large toe on His right foot, the unborn Lord carries the mark of a disc, which cuts down the six [mental] enemies of His devotees. At the bottom of the middle toe of that same foot Lord Acyuta has a lotus flower, which increases the greed for Him in the minds of the beelike devotees who meditate on His feet. At the base of His small toe is a thunderbolt, which smashes the mountains of His devotees' reactions to past sins, and in the middle of His heel is the mark of an elephant goad, which brings the elephants of His devotees' minds under control. The joint of His right large toe bears the mark of a barleycorn, representing all kinds of enjoyable opulences. A thunderbolt is found on the right side of His right foot, and an elephant goad below that.' See the Vedabase of 10.30: 25 for further info.

 

 

 

 


Creative Commons License
The text and audio are offered under the conditions of the
Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 3.0 Unported License.
The first painting is titled: 'The Gopis Search for Krishna' (detail),
folio 4 from the Krishna Lila. Jodhpur, ca. 1765 © Mehrangarh Museum Trust
The second painting is a Kangra from the Punjab Hills (India). 1775 - 1784 India.
© Victoria & Albert Museum.
Production:
Filognostic Association of The Order of Time.

 

 

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