rule


 

 
Canto 10

Vrajarâja

 

 

Chapter 46: Uddhava Spends the Night in Gokula Talking with Nanda

(1) S'rî S'uka said: 'The best adviser of the Vrishnis was Krishna's beloved friend Uddhava [see also 3.2], a direct disciple of Brihaspati and a man of the finest intelligence. (2) One day the Supreme Lord Hari, who removes the distress of the surrendered souls, grabbed his hand and spoke to him, His dearest and most faithful devotee. (3) 'Please Uddhava, oh gentle one, go for the satisfaction of My parents to Vraja and relieve through My message the gopîs from the mental pain of being separated from Me. (4) With their minds fixed on Me, they, absorbed in Me, have made Me the purpose of their lives and abandoned all their material ties [with their husband, home and children, see 10.29: 4]. Understanding the ones who for My sake left behind this world and its moral obligations, I sustain those who have only Me as their beloved and dearmost Self. (5) When My best one, the women of Gokula remember Me, their dearest object of love being far away, they become stunned being overwhelmed by the anxiety of separation [see also B.G. 2: 62-64]. (6) With My promises to return, the cowherd women who are fully dedicated to Me, with great difficulty manage to hold on and in some way keep their lives somewhat going.'
(7) S'rî S'uka said: 'After having said this oh King, Uddhava respectfully accepted the message of his Maintainer, mounted his chariot and set off for the cowherd village of Nanda. (8) Just as the sun was setting, the fortunate soul reached Nanda's pastures, passing there unnoticed because of the dust of the hooves of the animals coming home.  (9-13) With the sounds of the bulls in rut fighting each other for the fertile cows, with the cows with filled udders running after their calves, with the beauty of the white calves capering here and there and with the milking and the loud reverberation of flutes, the finely ornamented gopîs and gopas, auspiciously singing about the deeds of Balarâma and Krishna, were resplendent to behold. It was all most attractive with the homes of the gopas filled with incense, lamps and flower garlands for the worship of the fire, the sun, the guests, the cows, the brahmins, the forefathers and the gods [see also 10.24: 25]. The forest flowering on all sides echoed with the swarms of bees, singing birds, the kârandava ducks and the swans crowding around the adorning bowers of lotuses. (14) After having arrived there Nanda approached the dear follower of Krishna and embraced him, happy to be reverential with Lord Vâsudeva in mind. (15) He fed him with the finest food, had him comfortably seated on a nice sofa to be relieved of the fatigue and had his feet massaged and so on. Then he inquired: (16) 'Oh dear and most fortunate one, does our friend the son of S'ûra [Vasudeva] who is so devoted to his well-wishers, fare well now that he is released and was reunited with his children? (17) What a luck that the wicked Kamsa, who constantly hated the always righteous and saintly Yadus, together with his followers has been killed because of his sins! (18) Is Krishna still thinking of us, His mother, His well-wishers and friends, the gopas of Vraja of whom He is the master, the cows, Vrindâvana forest and the mountain [see 10.24: 25]? (19) Is Govinda coming back to see His relatives once again, so that we may glance upon His face, His beautiful nose, His nice smile and eyes? (20) Krishna, that so very great Soul, has protected us against insurmountable mortal dangers like a forest fire, the wind and rain, as also against a bull and a serpent. (21) The memory of Krishna's valorous deeds, playful sidelong glances, smiles and words, my dear, made all of us forget our material actions. (22) In Him the mind of those who see the locations where He played, the rivers, the hills and the different parts of the forest that were decorated by His feet, finds its total absorption. (23) I think that Krishna and Râma who arrived here for a great and divine cause of the gods, as confirmed by Garga [see 10.8: 12], are the two most elevated ones among the demigods. (24) Kamsa, who had the strength of ten thousand elephants, the wrestlers and the king of the elephants, after all have been playfully killed by the both of Them, as easy as animals are by the lion king. (25) A solid bow as long as three tâlas [three lengths] was by Him, regal as an elephant, broken like a stick and for seven days He with one hand held up a mountain! (26) Pralamba, Dhenuka, Arishtha, Trinâvarta, Baka and other demons who had conquered both Sura and Asura, were by Them killed out here with ease.'

 (27) S'rî S'uka said: 'Nanda fully immersed in Krishna thus over and over remembering Him, became extremely anxious and fell silent, overcome by the force of love. (28) Also mother Yas'odâ overhearing the descriptions of her son's activities in her love gave way to her tears with her breasts moistened. (29) When Uddhava saw the two of them in their love for the Supreme Lord in this condition of supreme attraction, he filled with joy spoke to Nanda. (30) S'rî Uddhava said: 'Having developed a mentality like this for Nârâyana, the spiritual master of all, the two of you are for certain the most praiseworthy of all embodied beings on the planet oh respectful souls. (31) The two of Mukunda and Balarâma are the seed and womb of the universe, They are the Original Male Principle [purusha] and His Creative Primeval Energy [pradhâna] who with knowledge and control guide the living beings in their confused state. (32-33) The person who, giving up his life, but for a moment immerses his impure mind [in Him], that very instant will immediately eradicate all traces of his karma and find himself heading for the supreme destination in a spiritual form with the luster of the sun. With you good souls giving Him, Nârâyana, the Soul and Cause of All, the purest and most exceptional love, what other good deeds would there for you remain to perform? (34) Before long Acyuta, [as] the Lord Supreme, the Master and Protector of the Devotees, will satisfy His parents and return to Vraja. (35) In the [wrestling] arena having killed Kamsa, the enemy of all Yadus, Krishna will be true to His word that He would return to you. (36) Please do not falter oh most fortunate souls, you will see Krishna in the near future. He is present within the hearts of all living beings like fire in firewood. (37) No one is dear or not dear to Him, nor does He, who is free from false pride, regard anyone superior or inferior. He is of an equal respect for everyone [compare S'rî S'rî S'ikshâshthaka and B.G. 9: 29]. (38) For Him there is no father and mother, no wife, no children and so forth. No one is related to Him, nor is anyone strange to Him and with Him there is neither a question of a [material] body or birth [compare B.G. 10: 3]. (39) For Him there is no karma in this world obliging Him to appear in wombs of a pure, impure or mixed nature. Yet He for the sake of His pastimes manifests to redeem His saintly devotees [see B.G. 3: 22; 4: 7; 13: 22]. (40) Even though He is transcendental beyond the modes called goodness, passion and ignorance, He accepts it to play by the modes. He, the Unborn One, is thus of creation, maintenance and destruction. (41) Just as for someone when he whirls around, the ground seems to be whirling, so too it appears that - when one thinks to be one's body -  oneself is the doer, while it is the mind that is acting [*, compare B.G. 3: 27]. (42) He is not just the son of the two of you, He is the Supreme Lord Hari, the Lord of Control who is the Son, the Soul, the Father and the Mother of everyone. (43) That what is seen or heard, what is in the past, the present or in the future, that what is stationary, mobile, large or small, can in no way be assigned a status separate from Acyuta. He, the Supersoul, is the reality and welfare of all and everything.'

 (44) While Nanda and Krishna's messenger were speaking this way, the night came to an end oh King, and the gopîs who had risen, lighted the lamps in the house for the worship and began to churn the butter. (45) As the women were moving their hips and breasts while pulling the ropes, they radiated in the light of the lamps, with the rows of bangles on their arms, with their jewels, with their faces red of the kunkum and glowing from their earrings and necklaces. (46) All inauspiciousness was dispelled in every direction with the loud singing of the lotus eyed women of Vraja whose reverberating sound, mixed with the sounds of churning butter, filled the air. (47) When the almighty sun rose, the residents of Gokula saw the golden chariot outside the house of Nanda and wondered: 'Whose chariot is this? (48) Maybe Akrûra has come, that servant of Kamsa's desires who took our lotus-eyed Krishna to the city of Mathurâ. (49) Would he, with his master satisfied, be here now to perform the funeral rites with us?' And while the women were speaking thus, Uddhava came walking who had finished his morning duties.'

  

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Third revised edition, loaded March 11, 2014.

 

 

 

 

Previous Aadhar edition and Vedabase links:

Text 1

S'rî S'uka said: 'The best adviser of the Vrishnis was Krishna's beloved friend Uddhava [see also 3.2], a direct disciple of Brihaspati and a man of the finest intelligence. 
S'rî S'uka said: 'The best adviser of the Vrishnis was Krishna's beloved friend Uddhava [see also 3.2], a direct disciple of Brihaspati of the finest intelligence. (Vedabase)

 

Text 2

One day the Supreme Lord Hari, who removes the distress of the surrendered souls, grabbed his hand and spoke to him, His dearest and most faithful devotee.

To him, His dearmost unique devotee spoke some day the Supreme Lord Hari, who removes the distress of the surrendered, taking his hand into His. (Vedabase)

 

Text 3

'Please Uddhava, oh gentle one, go for the satisfaction of My parents to Vraja and relieve through My message the gopîs from the mental pain of being separated from Me.

'Please Uddhava, o gentle one, go for the satisfaction of My parents to Vraja and relieve, by carrying My messages, the gopîs from the mental pain of being separated from Me. (Vedabase)

 

Text 4

With their minds fixed on Me, they, absorbed in Me, have made Me the purpose of their lives and abandoned all their material ties [with their husband, home and children, see 10.29: 4]. Understanding the ones who for My sake left behind this world and its moral obligations, I sustain those who have only Me as their beloved and dearmost Self.

They absorbed in Me, with their minds fixed on Me, made Me the purpose of their lives abandoning everything physical [of husband, home and children, see 10.29: 4]. Understanding those who for My sake left behind this world and its moral obligations, I sustain them who have Me alone as their beloved and dearmost Self. (Vedabase)

 

Text 5

When My best one, the women of Gokula remember Me, their dearest object of love being far away, they become stunned being overwhelmed by the anxiety of separation [see also B.G. 2: 62-64].

The women of Gokula remembering Me, their dearest object of love being far away, my best, become stunned being overwhelmed by the anxiety of separation [see also B.G. 2.62-64]. (Vedabase)

 

Text 6

With My promises to return, the cowherd women who are fully dedicated to Me, with great difficulty manage to hold on and in some way keep their lives somewhat going.'

The cowherd women fully dedicated to Me, with My promises to return do with great difficulty hold on, somehow keeping their lives going.' (Vedabase)

 

Text 7

S'rî S'uka said: 'After having said this oh King, Uddhava respectfully accepted the message of his Maintainer, mounted his chariot and set off for the cowherd village of Nanda.

S'rî S'uka said: 'With Him thus having spoken, o King, did Uddhava respectfully take the message of his Sustainer, mounted he his chariot and set he off to the cowherd village of Nanda. (Vedabase)

 

Text 8

Just as the sun was setting, the fortunate soul reached Nanda's pastures, passing there unnoticed because of the dust of the hooves of the animals coming home. 

(8) Just as the sun was setting reached the fortunate one Nanda's pastures, passing unnoticed because of the dust of the hooves of the animals that were entering. (Vedabase)

 

Text 9-13

With the sounds of the bulls in rut fighting each other for the fertile cows, with the cows with filled udders running after their calves, with the beauty of the white calves capering here and there and with the milking and the loud reverberation of flutes, the finely ornamented gopîs and gopas, auspiciously singing about the deeds of Balarâma and Krishna, were resplendent to behold. It was all most attractive with the homes of the gopas filled with incense, lamps and flower garlands for the worship of the fire, the sun, the guests, the cows, the brahmins, the forefathers and the gods [see also 10.24: 25]. The forest flowering on all sides echoed with the swarms of bees, singing birds, the kârandava ducks and the swans crowding around the adorning bowers of lotuses.

With the sounds of the bulls in rut fighting one another for the fertile ones, with the cows with filled udders running after their own calves, with the adorn of white calves capering here and there and with the milking and the loud reverberation of flutes, were the finely ornamented gopîs and gopas, auspiciously singing about the deeds of Balarâma and Krishna, resplendent. It all was most attractive with the homes of the gopas filled with incense, lamps and flowergarlands for the worship of the fire, the sun, the guests, the cows, the brahmins, the forefathers and the gods [see also 10.24: 25 ]. The forest on all sides flowering echoed of the swarms of bees, singing birds and the kârandava ducks and the swans crowding around the beautifying bowers of lotuses. (Vedabase)

 

Text 14

After having arrived there Nanda approached the dear follower of Krishna and embraced him, happy to be reverential with Lord Vâsudeva in mind.

With him arrived approached Nanda the dear follower of Krishna and embraced he him happy to be of reverence with Lord Vâsudeva in his mind. (Vedabase)

 

Text 15

He fed him with the finest food, had him comfortably seated on a nice sofa to be relieved of the fatigue and had his feet massaged and so on. Then he inquired:

Having him fed with the finest food, comfortably seated on a nice sofa to be relieved of the fatigue and with his feet massaged and so on, inquired he:  (Vedabase)

 

 Text 16

'Oh dear and most fortunate one, does our friend the son of S'ûra [Vasudeva] who is so devoted to his well-wishers, fare well now that he is released and was reunited with his children?

'O dear and most fortunate one, does our friend the son of S'ûra [Vasudeva] so devoted to his well-wishers, now that he is freed and joined with his children, fare well? (Vedabase)

 

Text 17

What a luck that the wicked Kamsa, who constantly hated the always righteous and saintly Yadus, together with his followers has been killed because of his sins!

What a luck that the wicked Kamsa, who constantly hated the always righteous and saintly Yadus, because of his sins together with his followers has been killed! (Vedabase)

 

Text 18

Is Krishna still thinking of us, His mother, His well-wishers and friends, the gopas of Vraja of whom He is the master, the cows, Vrindâvana forest and the mountain?

Is Krishna still thinking of us, His mother, His well-wishers and friends, the gopas of Vraja of whom He is the master, the cows, Vrindâvana forest and the mountain [see 10.24: 25]? (Vedabase)

 

Text 19

Is Govinda coming back to see His relatives once again, so that we may glance upon His face, His beautiful nose, His nice smile and eyes?

Is Govinda coming back to see once more His folk so that we may glance upon His face, His beautiful nose, His nice smile and eyes? (Vedabase)

 

Text 20

Krishna, that so very great Soul, has protected us against insurmountable mortal dangers like a forest fire, the wind and rain, as also against a bull and a serpent.

By Krishna, that so very great Soul, were we protected against insurmountable mortal dangers like a forest-fire, the wind and rain, as also against a bull and a serpent. (Vedabase)

   

Text 21

The memory of Krishna's valorous deeds, playful sidelong glances, smiles and words, my dear, made all of us forget our material actions.

The memory of Krishna's valorous deeds, playful sidelong glances, smiles and words, my dear, made us all forget our material concerns. (Vedabase)

 .

Text 22

In Him the mind of those who see the locations where He played, the rivers, the hills and the different parts of the forest that were decorated by His feet, finds its total absorption.

With those who see the locations where he played, the rivers, the hills and the different parts of the forest that were decorated by His feet, finds the mind total absorption in Him. (Vedabase)

 

Text 23

I think that Krishna and Râma who arrived here for a great and divine cause of the gods, as confirmed by Garga [see 10.8: 12], are the two most elevated ones among the demigods. 

I think Krishna and Râma are, as confirmed by Garga [see 10.8: 12], of the demigods the two most elevated on this planet, there for a great and holy cause divine. (Vedabase)

 

Text 24

Kamsa, who had the strength of ten thousand elephants, the wrestlers and the king of the elephants, after all have been playfully killed by the both of Them, as easy as animals are by the lion king.

After all, have Kamsa, with the strength of a ten thousand elephants, the wrestlers and the king of the elephants as in a game been killed by Him and Râma, as simple as animals by the lion king. (Vedabase)

  

Text 25

A solid bow as long as three tâlas [three lengths] was by Him, regal as an elephant, broken like a stick and for seven days He with one hand held up a mountain!

A bow as solid as fifty centimeters thick [three tâlas] was by Him royal as an elephant broken like a stick and for seven days held He with one hand up a mountain! (Vedabase)

 

Text 26

Pralamba, Dhenuka, Arishtha, Trinâvarta, Baka and other demons who had conquered both Sura and Asura, were by Them killed out here with ease.'

Pralamba, Dhenuka, Arishtha, Trinâvarta, Baka and other demons who had conquered both sura and asura were by Them here killed with ease.' (Vedabase)

 

Text 27

S'rî S'uka said: 'Nanda fully immersed in Krishna thus over and over remembering Him, became extremely anxious and fell silent, overcome by the force of love.

S'rî S'uka said: 'Nanda thus remembering again and again, fully immersed in Krishna became extremely anxious and fell silent overcome by the force of his pure love. (Vedabase)

 

Text 28

Also mother Yas'odâ overhearing the descriptions of her son's activities in her love gave way to her tears with her breasts moistened.

Mother Yas'odâ overhearing the descriptions of her son's activities gave way to her tears while her breasts got wet from her love. (Vedabase)

 

Text 29

When Uddhava saw the two of them in their love for the Supreme Lord in this condition of supreme attraction, he filled with joy spoke to Nanda.

Seeing the two of them in this condition of their supreme attraction of love for the Supreme Lord spoke Uddhava ecstatically. (Vedabase)

 

Text 30

S'rî Uddhava said: 'Having developed a mentality like this for Nârâyana, the spiritual master of all, the two of you are for certain the most praiseworthy of all embodied beings on the planet oh respectful souls.

S'rî Uddhava said: 'The two of you are for sure, in your having developed a mentality like this for Nârâyana, the spiritual master of all, the most praiseworthy of all embodied beings in this world, o respectful one.  (Vedabase)

 

Text 31

The two of Mukunda and Balarâma are the seed and womb of the universe, They are the Original Male Principle [purusha] and His Creative Primeval Energy [pradhâna] who with knowledge and control guide the living beings in their confused state.

These two of Râma and Mukunda, indeed are the seed and the womb of the universe; They are the primeval Male Principle and His Creative Energy who accompany the living beings [confused] in all their diversity with knowledge and control. (Vedabase)

 

Text 32-33

The person who, giving up his life, but for a moment immerses his impure mind [in Him], that very instant will immediately eradicate all traces of his karma and find himself heading for the supreme destination in a spiritual form with the luster of the sun. With you good souls giving Him, Nârâyana, the Soul and Cause of All, the purest and most exceptional love, what other good deeds would there for you remain to perform?

That person who in his life divided within but for a moment immerses his mind [in Him] will at that time immediately eradicate all traces of karmic impurities and will head for the supreme destination in a spiritual form with the color of the sun. With your good selves giving Him, the Great Soul and Self that is the reason of existence of all, giving Him, Nârâyana, the Ultimate Cause in a mortal frame, by all means the utmost purest love, what good deeds then would there remain for you to perform? (Vedabase)

 

Text 34

Before long Acyuta, [as] the Lord Supreme, the Master and Protector of the Devotees, will satisfy His parents and return to Vraja.

In not too long a time will Acyuta, [as] the Lord Supreme, the Master and Protector of the Devotees, to give satisfaction to His parents, return to [the full vision within the people of] Vraja. (Vedabase)

 

Text 35

In the [wrestling] arena having killed Kamsa, the enemy of all Yadus, Krishna will be true to His word that He would return to you.

Having killed Kamsa, the enemy of all Yadus, in the arena, [and all other evil in the world...] will Krishna be true in that what He told You of His turning back. (Vedabase)

  

Text 36

Please do not falter oh most fortunate souls, you will see Krishna in the near future. He is present within the hearts of all living beings like fire in firewood.

Please do not falter o most fortunate ones, you will see Krishna in the near future; He is present within the hearts of all living beings like fire in firewood. (Vedabase)

 

Text 37

No one is dear or not dear to Him, nor does He, who is free from false pride, regard anyone superior or inferior. He is of an equal respect for everyone [compare S'rî S'rî S'ikshâshthaka and B.G. 9: 29].

No one indeed is specially dear or not dear to Him, nor does He, free from false pride being of the same respect for all, hold anyone superior or inferior [compare S'ikshÂshthaka and B.G. 9.29,]. (Vedabase)

 

Text 38

For Him there is no father and mother, no wife, no children and so forth. No one is related to Him, nor is anyone strange to Him and with Him there is neither a question of a [material] body or birth [compare B.G. 10: 3]. 

For Him there is no father and no mother, no wife, no children and so forth; no one is related to Him, nor is anyone an outsider and there is no [material] body or birth to Him either [compare 10: 3]. (Vedabase)

 

Text 39

For Him there is no karma in this world obliging Him to appear in wombs of a pure, impure or mixed nature. Yet He for the sake of His pastimes manifests to redeem His saintly devotees [see B.G. 3: 22; 4: 7; 13: 22].

For Him there is no karma in this world to appear in wombs pure or impure or mixed and yet for the sake of pastimes He appears in order to redeem His saintly devotees [see B.G. 3: 22; 4: 7; 13: 22]. (Vedabase)

 

Text 40

Even though He is transcendental beyond the modes called goodness, passion and ignorance, He accepts it to play by the modes. He, the Unborn One, is thus of creation, maintenance and destruction.

Though being beyond the modes called goodness, passion and ignorance accepts He, being transcendental, to play by the modes, thus as the Unborn One creating, maintaining and destroying. (Vedabase)

 

Text 41

Just as for someone when he whirls around, the ground seems to be whirling, so too it appears that - when one thinks to be one's body -  oneself is the doer, while it is the mind that is acting [*, compare B.G. 3: 27]. 

Just as in one's vision, when one whirls around, the ground seems to be whirling, so too seems, when one thinks of oneself as being the body, the self to be the doer, while it is the mind that is acting [compare B.G. 3: 27]. (Vedabase)

 

Text 42

He is not just the son of the two of you, He is the Supreme Lord Hari, the Lord of Control who is the Son, the Soul, the Father and the Mother of everyone.

He is not the son of the two of you alone, He is the Supreme Lord Hari who is the son, the very self, the father ànd the mother; He is the Lord of Control. (Vedabase)

 

Text 43

That what is seen or heard, what is in the past, the present or in the future, that what is stationary, mobile, large or small, can in no way be assigned a status separate from Acyuta. He, the Supersoul, is the reality and welfare of all and everything.'

What is seen or heard, what is in the past, the present or in the future; what is stationary, mobile, large or small can not at all be said to be a thing apart from Acyuta; He alone, manifesting as the Supersoul, is everything.' (Vedabase)

 

Text 44

While Nanda and Krishna's messenger were speaking this way, the night came to an end oh King, and the gopîs who had risen, lighted the lamps in the house for the worship and began to churn the butter.

As Nanda and Krishna's servant were thus speaking came that night to an end, o King, lighted the women rising from sleep lamps in worship before their deities and started they churning for butter. (Vedabase)

 

Text 45

As the women were moving their hips and breasts while pulling the ropes, they radiated in the light of the lamps, with the rows of bangles on their arms, with their jewels, with their faces red of the kunkum and glowing from their earrings and necklaces.

The women illumined by the lamps pulling the ropes, with the rows of bangles on their arms, with their jewels and with their faces red of the kunkum glowing of their earrings and necklaces, shone as their hips and breasts were moving. (Vedabase)

 

Text 46

All inauspiciousness was dispelled in every direction with the loud singing of the lotus eyed women of Vraja whose reverberating sound, mixed with the sounds of churning butter, filled the air.

As the women of Vraja with their eyes like lotuses with the reverberation of their loud singing mixed with the sounds of churning for the butter were touching the sky, was all inauspiciousness in every direction dispelled. (Vedabase)

 

Text 47

When the almighty sun rose, the residents of Gokula saw the golden chariot outside the house of Nanda and wondered: 'Whose chariot is this?

When the supreme master of the sun rose saw the residents of Gokula the golden chariot outside the house of Nanda and asked they 'To whom does it belong? (Vedabase)

 

Text 48

Maybe Akrûra has come, that servant of Kamsa's desires who took our lotus-eyed Krishna to the city of Mathurâ.

Maybe Akrûra has come, that agent to the purpose of Kamsa by whom Krishna with His lotus eyes was brought to Mathurâ. (Vedabase)

 

Text 49

Would he, with his master satisfied, be here now to perform the funeral rites with us?' And while the women were speaking thus, Uddhava came walking who had finished his morning duties.'

Would he then, with his master satisfied, be here to celebrate the death rituals with us?' and as the women were thus speaking came there Uddhava, having finished his morning duties. (Vedabase)

*: Śrīla Viśvanātha Cakravartī gives a parallel idea: Although our happiness and distress are caused by our own interaction with the material qualities, we perceive the Lord to be their cause.

 

 



 

 

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