Bâdarâyana: name of the father of S' u k a d e v a, V y â s a d e v a to his meditating in B a d a r i k â s' r a m a.

Bâhuka: Churned from the legs of king V e n a was Bâhuka (the dwarf) born. He had copperlike hair and was called 'Just sit down here' or Nishâda. From him the Naishâdas are known living in the hills and forests, feared because, being born from V e n a they had taken the sins upon them of Vena (see SB 4.14: 43-46).

Bâna: 'arrow' an a s u r a protected by lord S' i v a who had a thousand arms and also was called Bânâsura. His daughter Û s h â attracted A n i r u d d h a, K r i s h n a's grandson. With A n i r u d d h a being captured then ensued a terrible battle between K r i s h n a and S' i v a and his followers (see 10.62-63).

Badarikâs'rama: the place of refuge in the Himalayas to where many retreat at the end of their life to meditate until death.

- Mentioned in 3.4: 4, 5.4: 5, 5.12: 16, 6.11: 6, 7.11: 6, 7.14: 30-33, 9.3: 36, 10.52: 4, 11.4: 7 and 11.29: 41-44

- Badarikâ means the fruit or berry of the jujube. It is the name of one of the sources of the Ganges and the neighboring hermitage of N a r a - N â r â y a n a.

- As an illustrious place of pilgrimage also called Vis'âlâ.

Balarâma: ('strength of joy'), K r i s h n a's first Plenary portion operating as His elder brother. Also named Baladeva and R â m a. He is the protector and teacher of the devotees. Is also considered as B h a g a v â n (see also s a n k a r s h a n a).

Bali Mahârâja: (bali means: oblation), a king who became a great devotee by surrendering everything to Lord V â m a d e v a, the Lord who appeared as a dwarf-brahmin, (see 8.19).

Banyan: (ficus benghalensis) asian sacred tree also called barh with areal roots and many trunks spreading wide. Starts its life as a parasite (see also p i p p a l a and a s' v a t t h a).

Barhishat: see P r â c î n a b a r h i.

Barhismân: see P r â c î n a b a r h i.

Battle of Kurukshetra (named so after the holy place where the battle occurred): a struggle five thousand years ago of the sons of P â n d u denying the sons of D h r i t a r â s h t h r a their rule over the earth. After only eighteen days of fighting, in which about 3.94 million warriors were killed, achieved the sons of P â n d u the victory.

Being, living (bhûta): incarnated soul, covered with a physical frame that is one of the 8.400.000 forms of beings that, vedically seen, populate the universe (900.000 aquatics, 2.000.000 plants, 1.100.000 insects and reptiles, 1.000.000 birds, 3.000.000 mammals en 400.000 types of human beings) (see â t m â, j î v a).

Betel: tasty nut that chewed colors the saliva red. An activity cherished by K r i s h n a and popular in India.

Betelnut is a very hard nut that grows at a 20 meters high palm tree. This tree is found in precipitous areas in Asia, East-Africa and Polynesia. The way one in the West drinks coffee, one uses it in Asia. For millions of asians is chewing bethel one of the most important pastimes.

Effective ingredients: 0,3 to 0,6% alkaloids mainly arecoline, 14 to 18% fat oils, 15 to 25% tannin (arekared).

Effect: Stimulating agent, stimulates the central nervous system, speeds up the breathing and improves one's mood. It gives an euphoric and erotic feeling. The chewing of bethel makes for a merry relaxation and a pleasant feeling in the mouth that by the temples goes to the brain.

Use: One teaspoon of powdered bethel can be mixed with coffee or be taken with water, but the best effect is achieved by adding some chalk and chew it for some time. To flavor it one can eat a piece of lemon to it or other spices. De effective agents are through the mouth taken into the bloodstream, and the saliva and the chewed remnants can be spit out. In combination with other herbs like Kava Kava and Yogi thea is the effect increased.

Bhâgavata: indication for all and everything that is in service with the Lord, including the Lord Himself (see B h a g a v â n).

- The personalistic school, adhered by those believing in God as being the Supreme Personality and who Him therefore, contrary what the m â y â v â d i s do, serve in devotion.

- The book bhâgavata: the S' r î m a d - B h â g a v a t a m.

- The person bhâgavata, or the devotee who sets his whole life to the book the bhâgavata.

- Bhâgavata the Lord, especially K r i s h n a - C a i t a n y a as the Lord in the form of His own devotee.

Bhâgavata-dharma: devotional service in nine divisions: s' r a v a n a m (listening), k î r t a n a m (singing), Vishnu-smaranam (remembering), pâda-sevanam (visiting, helping), arcanam (worship of the idol), vandanam (prayer, j a p a), dâsyam (deliver service), sakhyam (friendship), â t m a - n i v e d a n a m (surrender); (see 7.5: 23-24).

- Also in six: 'Therefore unto You, o Best of the Worshipable, do I offer my obeisances with prayers and perform I worship, do I work for You, do I remember You, attend to Your refuge and do I always listen to the talks about You; how can without such devotional service unto You in all these six forms a person attain the b h a k t i that is there for the best of transcendence.' (S.B.: 7.9.50).

Bhâgavata-saptâha: public reading of the complete S' r î m a d - B h â g a v a t a m for the time of a week, to the example of S' u k a d e v a  G o s v â m î who did so before king P a r î k c h i t.

Bhâra: a measure of gold or silver. Four rice grains are called one guñjâ; five guñjâs, one pana; eight panas, one karsha; four karshas, one pala; and one hundred palas, one tulâ. Twenty tulâs make up one bhâra. Since there are about 3.700 grains of rice in an ounce, the bhâra is about 21.50 pounds.

Bhârata-varsha: ('the land of B h a r a t a') the name of the region with mountain M e r u located in the center of I l â v r i t a - v a r s h a, in the midst of all v a r s h a s or regions of living.

- The territory governed by Emperor B h a r a t a so called since his rule. By some considered to be the name of the planet earth because vedic culture before K r i s h n a was said to rule over the entire earth (see also: S B, canto 5 chapter 7-13).

- Name for the land that we now call India.

Bhâratî - See: S a r a s v a t î.

Bhârgava: relating to or coming from B h r i g u.

- There is a Kavi Bhârgava: another name of S' u k r â c a r y a (see 4.1: 45).

Bhâva: affection and love for K r i s h n a. Follows s' r a d d h â.

- The phase preceding the transcendental love for the Lord.

- To be well matured in b h a k t i means means to be matured in three stages of being emotional with K r i s h n a:

- sthâyi-bhâva or primary love, the type of emotions of having a loving relationship with the Lord, called a direct r a s a's. They are provoked by vibhâva: emotions raised by devotees, K r i s h n a Himself and items connected to Him.
- anubhâva or consequent love, that what follows the relationship in the sense of specific emotions like laughing, crying, singing. There are also surging emotions called vyabhicâri-bhava that come and go like excitement, shyness and jubilation. These are emotions also socalled indirect
r a s a s.
- mahâbhâva or sattva-bhâva is the ecstatic love; emotions arising without any conscious intention when one is overwhelmed with blissful love. Symptoms: becoming stunned, fainting and faltering of voice.

Bhaga: the opulence of the Lord: intelligence (or knowledge), fame, power, riches, beauty and renunciation (ISKCON rhetoric; verse 3.24: 32).

- To a traditional verse:

'ais'varyasya samagrasya dharmasya yas'asah s'iyah
jñâna-vairâgyayos'caiva shannâm bhaga itîranâ.'

"Lordship, religiosity or righteousness, glory, affluence, spiritual knowledge and non-attachment are the opulences by which the Pleasure of Engagement, the battle (He gives), prevails."

- By mouth of K r i s h na Himself: Power, strength and dominion; beauty; fame; renunciation; fortune and enjoyment; and wisdom, humility and tolerance (11.16: 40).

- The six attributes of lordship (power), piety (renunciation), glory (fame), affluence (riches), wisdom (intelligence) and dispassion (knowledge by calm observation, cool) (S'astri C.L. Gosvâmî).

- The gracious Lord, the patron; sun and moon; good fortune, happiness, welfare, prosperity; love, affection, sexual passion, amorous pleasure, dalliance (MW-dictionary).

- The six opulences can be linked to the six d a r s h n a n a 's: intelligence & knowledge (niyâyâ); (scientific) power (vaishes'ika); beauty (samkhya); renunciation (yoga); fame (mimâmsa) riches (vedanta).

Bhagavad  Gîtâ: the song of God. The discourse of K r i s h n a about devotion and y o g a taken from the epic the M a h â b h â r a t (see also the Bhagavad Gîtâ of Order and the U d d h a v a G î t â).

- The song of the Lord, an afterwards by a v a t â r a  V y â s a - d e v a recorded dialogue between K r i s h n a and His devoted friend A r j u n a. It expounds on the knowledge of the absolute truth, the natural and eternal state of being of all living beings, the material nature, the time and the activity. It constitutes the kernel of all V e d i c texts and prepares for the study of the S' r î m a d - B h â g a v a t a m (see further introduction to the Bhagavad Gîtâ).

- Story of K r i s h n a about the purport of Y o g a. It is divided in three parts: k a r m a, b h a k t i and j ñ â n a - y o g a, or the unification of consciousness through labor, through selfless unmotivated service in worship and by means of spiritual knowledge.

Bhagavân (bhaga - fullness; van - possessing): the fortunate one, the worshipable one, the fulfilled, the one happy, the Supreme Lord characterized by the six opulences: riches, beauty, power, fame, knowledge and penance.

- Honorary title for the Supreme Personality. Next to the V i s h n u - a v a t â r a also used for S' i v a, V y â s a and B r a h m â to express the meaning of their greatness.

- Highest level of self-realization after b r a h m a n  and p a r a m â t m â, (1.2: 11).

- His â n a n d a-aspect (see sat-cit-ânanda).

- the name Bhagavân is also used for others but of all who are entitled to that name is He first of all V â s u d e v a (11.16: 29).

Bhajan: sacred songs in b h a k t i - y o g a, devoted singing, usually to the service of one or more holy names (see also Krishna bhajan).

Bhajanânandi: b h a k t a s who do not preach, but do sing.

Bhakta: devotee (see also a d h i k â r i), practitioner of b h a k t i - y o g a, in three kinds:

- Âtmânandis - those who see solitude with K r i s h n a and do not preach.

- Bhajanânandis - those who do sing and gather, but do not preach.

- Ghostyânandis - surrendered devotees living together taking the risks and load of preaching (see also v a i s h n a v a, y o g i).

- Devotee of Lord K r i s h n a, also the name for a beginner (see also u t t a m a).

- Also conceived as of two kinds: sakama and akama: resp. those who still keep attachments and suffer the reactions thereof and those who detached and without ulterior motives are of service (Prabhupâda purport S.B. 6.9:40).

Bhakti: devotion, devotional service to Lord K r i s h n a, love of God, in nine phases of emancipation (see b h â g a v a t a  d h a r m a, s â d h a n a - b h a k t i and k e v a l a - b h a k t i). See 7.9: 9 about its unique property (see 11.27).

- 'Bhakti may be considered in three stages, called gunî-bhûta, pradhânî-bhûta and kevala, and according to these stages there are three divisions, which are called jnâna, jnânamayî and rati, or premâ: that is, simple knowledge, love mixed with knowledge, and pure love. By simple knowledge, one can perceive transcendental bliss without variety. This perception is called mâna-bhûti. When one comes to the stage of jnânamayî, one realizes the transcendental opulences of the Personality of Godhead. But when one reaches pure love, one realizes the transcendental form of the Lord as Lord K r i s h n a or Lord R â m a.' (Prabhupâda, 10.3: 32 purport).

Bhaktidevî: the divine female representative of devotional service.

Bhakti-rasâmrita-sindhu ('The nectar-sea of pure love'): the authoritative explanation, the masterpiece, of S' r î l a  R û p a  G o s v â m î, in which he in detail expounds on the practice of devotional service. A manual of b h a k t i written in Sanskrit in the sixteenth century.

Bhaktisiddhânta Sarasvatî Gosvâmî Mahârâja Prabhupâda (Bhaktisiddhânta Sarasvatî Thhâkur): the spiritual master of S'rî S'rîmad A.C. Bhactivedanta Swami P r a b h u p â d a (see also p a r a m p a r â).

Bhactivedântas: spiritualists who by execution of devotional service in full have realized the conclusion of the V e d a s (see also v e d a n t a and s i d d h a n t a).

Bhactivinoda  Thhâkur, S'rîla (1838-1914) The spiritual master of S' r î l a B h a k t i s i d d h â n t a S a r a s v a t î T h h â k u r. A great â c â r y a, teacher of the teacher of S w a m i  P r a b h u p â d a, writer of many songs and books about K r i s h n a. He restored the stature of Navadvîpa (in Bengal), as the birth place of Lord C a i t a n y a and is often found on the individual shrines of the V a i s h n a v a s as the founder of the modern method of adaptation to the innovations of society and the upgrading of devotional service.

Bhakti-yoga: the science of uniting the consciousness by devotion for the Supreme personality of Godhead Lord K r i s h n a and His expansions (partial and plenary aspects or portions).

- The science of uniting the consciousness by devotion for Him (the Supreme Personality of Godhead) present in one's heart and in the heart of all living beings (of which b h a k t i operates as compassion, love for the fellow man, to be of mercy, k a r u n a). Also called b u d d h i - y o g a.

- The way of developing bhakti, love of God, in its purest form, thus without any fruitive intentions (k a r m a) and without further theoretical speculation (j n â n a).

- The last phase of y o g a according the directions of the B h a g a v a d - g î t â, consisting of surrendering oneself to the Supreme Lord, S' r î K r i s h n a, according the nine forms of devotional service under the guidance of an â c â r y a (see b h â g a v a t a  d h a r m a).

- To connect oneself to the Lord by devotional service.

Bharadvâja: one of the seven sages of this m a n v a n t a r a (see r i s h i and 8.13: 5).

- From Bharata, the son of Dushmanta (see below), were by his three wives all the sons killed in fear of their possible inferiority, so that with him being frustrated the M a r u t s delivered him Bharadvâja. He was so called ('a burden to both') because he in the procreative act had objected to both his parents, Mamatâ and B r i h a s p a t i, of giving him life from an illicit bond. His parents then both turned away from him (see 9.20: 35-39).


- The eldest son of Emperor Das'aratha and elder brother of Lord R â m a who kept his place on the throne while R â m a in exile was defeating R â v a n a to free Sîtâ (9: 10 & 11).

- The Bharata born from the apsara S'akuntalâ and king Dushmanta became an emperor of great fame and glory celebrated as a partial representation of the Lord on this earth in the dynasty of P u r u. Frustrated in generating offspring, as his wives had killed his sons out of fear for their imperfection, performed he a marut-stoma sacrifice to beget sons whereupon the M a r u t s presented him B h a r a d v â j a (see 9: 20 & 21).

- The son of Mahârâja Dushmanta, who in his youth gave up his kingdom and family. He made a lot of progress on the spiritual path, but later grew attached to a tame deer and had to take rebirth twice before he found liberation (see S.B. 5.7-14).

Bhaumâsura (Bhauma): son of the earth goddess, also called N a r a k a. He was the demon holding captive 16.000 princesses in Prâgyotisha-pura who were freed and taken in marriage by K r i s h n a (see 10.59).

- A demon according the V i s h n u - p u r â n a born as a consequence of Lord V a r â h a touching mother earth lifting her up from the ocean (see 3.13: 31).

Bhava: S' i v a as the Lord of existence (see e.g. S.B.: 3.4).

Bhayânaka: abhorrence as an indirect r a s a.

Bhaya: fear, alarm, dread, apprehension; terror, dismay, danger, peril, distress ; danger from or to; sickness, disease.

- Lord K a p i l a: By no other than Me, the Supreme Lord and ruler as the original person, the Soul of all souls, can the terrible fear [of birth and death] be forsaken. (3.25: 41). To the one who discriminates between himself and another, having a different outlook to his body, I, as death, will cause great fear (see a h a n k a r a and 3.29: 26).

- V a s u d e v a to N â r a d a: 'O brahmin, nevertheless I inquire with you about the d h a r m a of relating to the Supreme Lord, hearing of which with faith the one destined to die is freed from all fear... (11.2: 7)

- Lord B r a h m â: No living entity in acceptance of a material body can escape His order; not by austerity and education, not by y o g a, by one's strength, intelligence and for sure never either by one's opulence, the virtue of one's duty, by an external power or any personal endeavor. Directed by the unseen, do the living entities accept to be bound to a material body, for birth, death, sadness, illusion, constant fear, happiness and distress and for what they should do to their k a r m a (see 5.1: 12-13).

- Swami P r a b h u p â d a's original first name was Abhaya: the one fearless.

- The Lord as the protector of the devotees is called the sure shelter of freedom from fear (see P r a h l â d a and e.g. 5.24: 25).

- Lord K r i s h n a: That will by which one never gives up the sleeping, fearing, lamenting, drooping and surely also the presuming, is of an unintelligent attitude in the mode of ignorance, o son of P r i t h â (B.G. 18.35). Intelligence, knowledge, composure, forgiveness, truthfulness, control over the senses and the mind, happiness, sorrow, birth, death, fear and fearlessness also, nonviolence, equilibrium, contentment, austerity, charity, fame and infamy are the different aspects to the living being that are arranged by Me (B.G. 10.4-5).

- Fear personifled as a V a s u, a son of Nirriti or Nikriti, a prince of the Y a v a n a s and husband of the daughter of Time.

- The blossom of Trapa Bispinosa.

- A daughter of Time, K â l a or V a i v a s v a t a, and wife of the R â k s h a s a Heti.

Bheda: division, divide, breaking, separation, expanding, part; e.g. Vasudeva's presentation of fear in two situations: in this life and the next is called bheda (addendum Prabhupâda S.B. 10: 37-45).

Bîbhatsa: 'the revolting one', a name of A r j u n a as he who puts to flight, drives back the enemy.

Bhîma or Bhimasena ('fearful, tremendous'): one of the five sons of P â n d u.

- Also called Vrikodara: 'wolf-belly' for his enormous appetite.

Bhîshma ('the fearsome one'): a great devotee and one of the oldest members of the K u r u -dynasty. The grandfather. Stayed celibate because of a vow. Fought against K r i s h n a and A r j u n a in the camp of D u r y o d h a n a (see 1.9).

Bhrama: faults. One of the four weaknesses of the materially conditioned person (see also: illusions, deceit and wrong perception: p r a m â d a, v i p r a - l i p s a, k a r a n â p â t v a, C.C Âdhi 2.86).

Bhrigu: the leader of the (seven or ten greatest) sages in the universe. Sages are sometimes called 'sons of Bhrigu' (see also r i s h i s, m a h a r i s h i).

Bhûtas: (living beings), the spirits, the dead, attendants of lord S' i v a.

Bhû-mandala: the sphere of the entire earth that is divided in seven places of refuge or continents, see SB 3.13: 41, 4.12: 16, 5.1: 31 and 5.16: 1.

- The greater universe, SB 6.16: 48.

- 'Earth-circle', orbis terrarum, the terrestrial globe, the circumference or circuit of the earth.

Bibatsa: being terrified as an indirect r a s a.

Bilvamangala Thhâkur: great devotee, who wrote books with descriptions of the intimate pastimes of Lord K r i s h n a.

Body, Spiritual: original form of the living being. It consists of the elements s a t, c i t and â n a n d a (s a c - c i d - â n a n d a), respectively: absolute eternity, knowledge and bliss (see also: s v a r û p a).

Body, gross or material-: The temporary "attire" that covers the bound soul (see also m â y â and a h a m k â r a).

Brâhmana or brahma-jñânas: brahmin, priest, wise, intellectual. The highest class in the v e d i c society (see also v a r n a).

- Someone who through his knowledge of the V e d a s is capable of taking the lead in society; member of the first order of life.

- The eight brahminical qualities are those of the mode of supreme goodness (sattva), the purification (pavitra), the control over the mind (sama) and the senses (dama), the truthfulness (satya), the mercy (anugraha), the penance (tapasya) and the tolerance (titiksha), wherein the realization of God is found (see S.B: 5.5: 24, but also: 7.9: 10, footnote).

· Instruction for the brahmins in the performance of the very elaborate sacrificial rituals, brâhmanical explanation, explanations of sacred knowledge or doctrine; the brâhmana portion of the V e d a of prose works attached to the S a m h i t â s, as distinct from its m a n t r a and u p a n i s h a d portion, containing rules for the employment of the m a n t r a s or hymns at various sacrifices, with detailed explanations of their origin and meaning and numerous old legends; they (to Sâyana) contain two parts:

1. v i d h i, rules or directions for rites ;
a r t h a-vâda, explanatory remarks ;

Each V e d a has its own Brâhmana.

Brahmâ or Brahmâjî: the Creator. Demigod (see d e v a). There is more than one Brahmâ. He's the first living being originating from the navel of V i s h n u (see also S' i s' u m â r a  C a k r a). Sits on Mount M e r u in the middle of the lotus that is the creation.

- Aspect of V i s h n u. Origin of Lord S' i v a.

- The personal representative of the creative aspect of God; God as the Creator.

- The creative personality devoted to K r i s h n a; creates a world of his own.

- Father of the K u m â r a s (see û r d h v a  r e t a s a h) and all other living beings.

- The first being in the universe. He received from the Supreme Lord the power to create everything in the universe, of which he is the main ruler. He is part of a group of twelve m a h â j a n a s. Further is he the god ruling passion (r a j o - g u n a).

- The first created living being and secondary creator of the material universe.

- The Unborn One or Self-born one. This name does Brahmâ share with K r i s h n a (see A j a).

- One of the four priests during a sacrifice, the chief brahmin (see also r i t v i k).

- First of all was with his shadow ignorance created in five varieties called tâmisra (forgetfulness), andha tâmisra (the illusion of death), tama (not knowing oneself), moha (the illusion of being matter) and mahâmoha (mad after matter, craving) (3.20: 18, compare 3.12:2).

Brahma: the impersonal spirit, the independent spiritual, the absolute, the Veda, the vedic sound, the Being, the Supreme, the B h r a m a n, the brahminical, the Absolute Truth, the reality of B r a h m â, God.

Brahma-bhûta: position of being freed from material contamination. The one in this condition enjoys superhuman happiness and cares to be of service for the Supreme Lord (see also k o s h a).

Brahmacârî: bachelor, celibate, student of an â c â r y a. Two types: naishthhika, for life and upakurvâna, for a certain period of time (up to one's marriage).

- Married man taking heed of the vedic norms for being married.

- Pupil practicing celibacy under the guidance of a bona fide spiritual master.

Brahmacârya: continence, celibate (see also k u m â r a, u r d h v a  r e t a s a h).

- First â s' r a m a of spiritual life.

- Period of living celibate, self-restraint and study supervised by an authorized spiritual master.

- Student-phase, the first 20-25 years of life.

Brahma-jijnâsâ: spiritual investigation into the nature of one's identity.

Brahmajyoti: the light of the creator, impersonal spiritual sphere, the enlightenment that on itself is rejected by the b h a k t a as a separate purpose. The blinding brilliance of the impersonal (see also â t m â - j y o t i and 2.5: 11).

- The effulgence of the Supreme Lord, who is the source of the radiating light of the spiritual sky (see 10.28: 15).

Brahmaloka: the abode of Lord B r a h m â (see also I l â v r i t a - v a r s h a and M e r u).

Brahmâ-muhûrta: period of one to one and a half hour before the (mean time of) sunrise. Time most suitable for meditation (see j a p a).

Brahman: K r i s h n a's impersonal s a t-aspect. Is divided in p a r â and apara-brahman relating to having respectively the unseen and the visible of the creation. It is p r a k r i t i, p u r u s h a and k â l a rolled in one (11.24: 19).

- The omnipresent effulgence in as well the material as the spiritual space known as light (see b r a h m â j y o t i).

- The full of the spirit, of the spiritual, in two: s a g u n a - brahman, the world driven by the g u n a s and n i r g u n a - brahman, the spiritual free from the influence of the modes of nature.

- The mindful, the spiritual, the spiritual soul (see v i j n â n a m  b r a h m a n) in an impersonal sense.

- As the Absolute Truth the Absolute or Supreme.

- Also indicating the V e d a s (see s' a b d a - b r a h m a n).

- First level of realization preceding the one of p a r a m â t m â (1.2: 11).

- Name for the complete of matter (mahâ-brahman, m a h â - t a t t v a).

- The vedic aphorism 'sarvam khalv idam brahma' says: 'Everything is Brahman'.

Brahmânanda: the joy derived from Brahman-realization.

Brahmarishi: title meaning 'wise amongst the b r a h m i n s'.

Brahma-samhitâ: a very old scripture in S a n s k r i t, containing the prayers of B r a h m â to Govinda; by Lord C a i t a n y a discovered and empowered in a temple in South India (see the b h a j a n Govindam and/or this external link).

Brahmâstra: weapon used in the V e d i c time, launched with the expression of a m a n t r a that in its power can be compared to the present day nuclear arms.

- Kind of atomic weapon in a vedic way.

- A kind of atomic weapon producing a bright glare and burning everything. It is released with mantras after touching water. Highly destructive used as a last resort in vedic warfare. The ultimate weapon in vedic times (see 1.7: 19 ; 1.8: 11 and 10.63: 13).

Brahma-sûtra: scripture of V y â s a d e v a about the impersonal nature of God. Because the impersonal did not satisfy him urged N â r a d a him to write the S' r î m a d B h â g a v a t a m. See also V e d â n t a - s û t r a.

Brahma-teja: the prowess of the b r a h m i n s

Brihaspati: 'lord of prayer or devotion' the spiritual teacher of king I n d r a and the chief priest of the heavenly planets (see also B.G. 10: 24).

- Personification of piety and religion; the chief offerer of prayers and sacrifices, and therefore represented as the type of the priestly order, and the Purohita (the foremost priest) of the gods with whom he intercedes for men.

- In later times he is the god of wisdom and eloquence, to whom various works are ascribed; he is also regarded as a son of A n g i r a (see also 9.14: 4-7).

- Husband of Târâ and father of Kaca, and sometimes identified with V y â s a;

- In astronomy he is the regent of Jupiter and often identified with that planet.

Buddha: a V i s h n u -a v a t â r a from the beginning of K a l i - y u g a, who appeared to teach humanity non-violence and end all the killing of animals so as to pave the way towards enlightenment (see S.B. 1.3:24 en 2.7.37).

Buddhi: the intelligence, the sane mind; a product of a dynamic multifaceted conviction, selfrealization and knowledge of the soul.

- Spiritually the being open to togetherness, authority and holiness.

Buddhi-nasah: loss of intelligence through confusion in lust.

Buddhi-yoga: connectedness in God through intelligence. Next to k a r m a - y o g a used as a synonym for b h a k t i - y o g a.

Buddhism: the teaching of Lord B u d d h a which to v a i s h n a v a s is too impersonal in proposing that the world and thus the other person would be illusion (see also m â y â v â d a).

- The teaching, but not the Lord, mainly denounced in the Bhâgavatam as being m â y â v â d a:

- 'as (the Buddha) will He by speculative arguments bewilder the ones unfit to perform the vedic sacrifices (11.4: 22)'.

- 'the bewilderer of the demoniac descendants of Diti and Dânu' (10.40: 22).

- 'To those well situated on the path of the Vedas envious with the divine who unseen roam the worlds by inventions of Maya (a demon) and who are destructive of the bewildered mind, He dresses Himself attractively (as the Buddha) speaking mainly of moral guidelines ' (2.7: 37).

- 'to delude the ones envious with the theists' (1.3: 24).

- 'who leads the ones who are illusioned' (6.8: 19).



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Sanskrit Dictionary


S'rîmad Bhâgavatam | Bhagavad Gîtâ | Nederlandse versie


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