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Canto 9

Mahâmantra 4

 


Chapter 23: The Dynasties of the Sons of Yayâti: the Appearance of Lord Krishna

(1) S'rî S'uka said: 'From Anu [the fourth son of Yayâti, see 9.17, 9.18 & 9.19] there were the three sons Sabhânara, Cakshu and Pareshnu. From Sabhânara thereafter Kâlanara was born and from him followed a son called Sriñjaya. (2) From Janamejaya [succeeding him] there was a son Mahâs'âla who fathered Mahâmanâ. Us'înara and Titikshu were the two sons of Mahâmanâ. (3-4) S'ibi, Vara, Krimi and Daksha were the four sons fathered by Us'înara. Vrishâdarbha, Sudhîra, Madra and the self-realized Kekaya were the four sons who took birth from the loins of S'ibi. Titikshu had one called Rushadratha from whom Homa was born who begot Sutapâ. Bali was Sutapâ's son. (5) Anga, Vanga, Kalinga, Suhma, Pundra and Odra were known as the sons who were born from the seed of Dîrghatama impregnating the wife of the great conqueror Bali. (6) It were their names that were given to the six states they created in the east [of India]. Anga gave life to Khalapâna and from him thereafter Diviratha appeared. (7-10) From his son Dharmaratha, Citraratha was born who was celebrated as Romapâda. Romapâda had no children and thus his friend Das'aratha  offered him S'ântâ, his own daughter [for adoption]. She then married with Rishyas'ringa [a hermit who lived in the forest, see also 8.13: 15-16]. Because the god [Indra] did not shower any rains Rishyas'ringa with the help of dancing and singing courtesans was drawn with music and bewildered with embraces and worship. On behalf of king Das'aratha who had no sons, he [Rishyas'ringa] held a marutvân [son giving] sacrifice so that he would get children [as well as the rain, see B.G. 3: 14]. He who was without sons thus got offspring [four sons]. Romapâda got the son Caturanga who gave life to Prithulâksha. (11) Brihadratha, Brihatkarmâ and Brihadbhânu were his sons. From the eldest one [Brihadratha] Brihanmanâ appeared from whom there was a son named Jayadratha. (12) His son Vijaya was born from the womb of Sambhûti. He next had the son Dhriti and from him Dhritavrata took his birth. Dhritavrata fathered Satkarmâ who gave life to the son Adhiratha. (13) One day enjoying at the bank of the Ganges Adhiratha found a baby in a basket. It was abandoned by Kuntî because it was born before she was married. Being sonless he adopted it as his son [Karna]. (14) Oh master of the universe, Vrishasena was Karna's son. From Druhyu [Yayâti's third son] there was a son called Babhru who next begot Setu. (15) Ârabdha who was fathered by him, had the son Gândhâra who begot Dharma. He in his turn had the son Dhrita and from Dhrita there was the son Durmada who gave life to the son Pracetâ who had a hundred sons. (16) Those kings [called the Pracetâs] accepted the jurisdiction over the north, the uncivilized areas of Mlecchades'a [of the barbarians]. Turvasu [Yayâti's second son] had the son Vahni and he fathered Bharga who begot the son Bhânumân. (17) His son Tribhânu, also had one. He was the magnanimous Karandhama. His son was called Maruta. He had no sons and adopted a Paurava [Dushmanta, see also 9.20: 7] as his son. (18-19) Dushmanta turned back to his clan [the Purus] because he aspired the throne.

From Yayâti's first son Yadu there was a dynasty oh best of the humans, that I will now describe to you. Oh ruler of man, to hear about the Yadu dynasty is something highly pious that vanquishes all sin[-ful reactions] in human society. Anyone simply hearing this is freed from all [the consequences of  his] sin. (20-21) The Supreme Lord [Krishna], the Supersoul, descended in this dynasty looking just like a human being [see also 1.2: 11]. Yadu fathered four sons who carried the names Sahasrajit, Kroshthâ, Nala and Ripu. S'atajit, the one first born, begot the sons Mahâhaya, Renuhaya and Haihaya. (22) Dharma was the son of Haihaya and his son Netra was the father of Kunti [not Kuntî]. Sohañji was the son of Kunti and he begot Mahishmân who had the son Bhadrasenaka. (23) Durmada and Dhanaka were the sons begotten by Bhadrasena and Dhanaka gave life to the sons Kritavîrya, Kritâgni, Kritavarmâ and Kritaujâ. (24) From Kritavîrya there was Arjuna [Kârtavîryârjuna] who became emperor over the seven continents. From Lord Dattâtreya, an [ams'a-] incarnation of the Supreme Personality, he obtained all the great qualities [the eight siddhis] of yoga [see also 9.15, 10.73 & 12.3]. (25) No one on earth could equal Kârtavîrya's qualities of sacrifice, charity, austerity, mystic potency, education, strength and mercy. (26) [Under his rule] for eighty-five thousand years the six forms of pleasure [as derived from the senses and  the mind] were enjoyed with an undiminished strength, continuous opulence and unfailing memory. (27) In the fight [against Paras'urâma] only five of his thousands of sons remained alive: Jayadhvaja, S'ûrasena, Vrishabha, Madhu and Ûrjita. (28) Jayadhvaja begot the son Tâlajangha who next gave life to a hundred sons. They formed a clan of  kshatriyas known as the Tâlajanghas who were destroyed by the great power [that Mahârâja Sagara] received from sage Aurva [see 9.8: 3-7]. (29) Tâlajangha's eldest son Vîtihotra, fathered the son Madhu who [also] had a hundred sons. From the well-known eldest one called Vrishni there was the dynasty [carrying that name].

(30-31) Oh King, the Yâdava, Mâdhava and Vrishni dynasties [of Lord Krishna's ancestors] received their names from their leading personalities. Yadu's son Kroshthâ begot a son called Vrijinavân. His son was Svâhita who next gave life to the son Vishadgu who became the father of Citraratha. Citraratha gave life to S'as'abindu, a great yogi who became a highly fortunate personality who, undefeated as an emperor, enjoyed all the fourteen kinds of great riches [*]. (32) S'as'abindu had ten thousand wives and in them the greatly famous one begot ten thousand lakhs [**] of sons [and grandsons]. (33) From them we but know six as the foremost. Prithus'ravâ [one of them] had a son with the name Dharma. Us'anâ, his son, performed a hundred as'vamedha sacrifices. (34) Us'anâ's son Rucaka had five sons named Purujit, Rukma, Rukmeshu, Prithu and Jyâmagha. Please hear now about them. (35-36) Jyâmagha was issueless but he nevertheless was afraid to accept another wife because of his wife S'aibyâ. He [one day] took a sensual girl from the camp of an enemy clan home whereupon S'aibyâ, who saw the girl sitting on her seat on the chariot, very angrily said to her husband: 'Who is this you have allowed to sit upon my seat on the chariot, you cheater?'

'She's your daughter-in-law' he then told her. Thereupon she with a smile said to her husband:

(37) 'I am sterile and have no co-wife, how can she then be my daughter-in-law?'

'My Queen', [he replied,] 'This girl will be very suitable for the
son you will give birth to!'

(38) With the demigods and ancestors consenting to that [after being propitiated by Jyâmagha], S'aibyâ got pregnant and in due course of time gave birth to a son. That son was the auspicious, well-known Vidharba who later married with the virtuous girl that was accepted as the daughter-in-law.'

 

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Third revised edition, loaded April 1, 2013.

 

 

 

 

 

Previous Aadhar edition and Vedabase links:

Text 1

S'rî S'uka said: 'From Anu [the fourth son of Yayâti, see 9.17, 9.18 & 9.19] there were the three sons Sabhânara, Cakshu and Pareshnu. From Sabhânara thereafter Kâlanara was born and from him followed a son called Sriñjaya.
S'rî S'uka said: 'Of Anu [the fourth son of Yayâti, see 9. 17, 18 &19] were there the three sons Sabhânara, Cakshu and Pareshnu. From Sabhânara thereafter came Kâlanara and a son of him called Sriñjaya. (Vedabase)

 

Text 2

From Janamejaya [succeeding him] there was a son Mahâs'âla who fathered Mahâmanâ. Us'înara and Titikshu were the two sons of Mahâmanâ.

Of Janamejaya [after him] there was a son Mahâs'âla who had Mahâmanâ. Us'înara and Titikshu were the two sons of Mahâmanâ. (Vedabase)

 

Text 3-4

S'ibi, Vara, Krimi and Daksha were the four sons fathered by Us'înara. Vrishâdarbha, Sudhîra, Madra and the self-realized Kekaya were the four sons who took birth from the loins of S'ibi. Titikshu had one called Rushadratha from whom Homa was born who begot Sutapâ. Bali was Sutapâ's son. 

S'ibi, Vara, Krimi and Daksha were the four born from Us'înara. Vrishâdarbha, Sudhîra, Madra and the self-realized Kekaya were four sons born from S'ibi. Of Titikshu there was one called Rushadratha from whom there was Homa who begot Sutapâ. Bali was Sutapâ's son. (Vedabase)

 

Text 5

Anga, Vanga, Kalinga, Suhma, Pundra and Odra were known as the sons who were born from the seed of Dîrghatama impregnating the wife of the great conqueror Bali.

Headed by Anga, Vanga and Kalinga were Suhma, Pundra and Odra known as being born from Dîrghatamâ's semen in the wife of the great conqueror Bali. (Vedabase)

 

Text 6

It were their names that were given to the six states they created in the east [of India]. Anga gave life to Khalapâna and from him thereafter Diviratha appeared.

It were their names that were given to the six states they created in the east [of India]. From Anga came Khalapâna into existence and from him appeared thereafter Diviratha. (Vedabase)

    

Text 7-10

From his son Dharmaratha, Citraratha was born who was celebrated as Romapâda. Romapâda had no children and thus his friend Das'aratha offered him S'ântâ, his own daughter [for adoption]. She then married with Rishyas'ringa [a hermit who lived in the forest, see also 8.13: 15-16]. Because the god [Indra] did not shower any rains Rishyas'ringa with the help of dancing and singing courtesans was drawn with music and bewildered with embraces and worship. On behalf of king Das'aratha who had no sons, he [Rishyas'ringa] held a marutvân [son giving] sacrifice so that he would get children [as well as the rain, see B.G. 3: 14]. He who was without sons thus got offspring [four sons]. Romapâda got the son Caturanga who gave life to Prithulâksha.

From Dharmaratha, his son, was Citraratha born, celebrated as Romapâda. Romapâda had no children and thus delivered his friend Das'aratha, S'ântâ, his own daughter [to be adopted], who then married whith Rishyas'ringa [a hermit who lived in the forest, see also 8.13: 15-16 ] But because the god [Indra] did not shower any rains was the doe's son brought in with courtesans who dancing and singing with music bewildered him with embraces and worship. On behalf of the childless king established he [Rishyas'ringa] a marutvân [son-giving] sacrifice so that Das'aratha [as the father-in-law] was delivered a child [as well as the rain, see B.G. 3.14 as]. And so did he [Romapâda], sonless, indeed achieve offspring; he got Caturanga who then had Prithulâksa for his son. (Vedabase)

   

Text 11

Brihadratha, Brihatkarmâ and Brihadbhânu were his sons. From the eldest one [Brihadratha] Brihanmanâ appeared from whom there was a son named Jayadratha.

Brihadratha, Brihatkarmâ and Brihadbhânu were his sons. From the eldest [Brihadratha] was there Brihanmanâ and from him was there the one celebrated as Jayadratha. (Vedabase)

 

Text 12

His son Vijaya was born from the womb of Sambhûti. He next had the son Dhriti and from him Dhritavrata took his birth. Dhritavrata fathered Satkarmâ who gave life to the son Adhiratha.

Vijaya with him born from Sambhûti had thereafter Dhriti and from him took Dhritavrata his birth of whom came Satkarmâ who had Adhiratha. (Vedabase)

 

Text 13

One day enjoying at the bank of the Ganges Adhiratha found a baby in a basket. It was abandoned by Kuntî because it was born before she was married. Being sonless he adopted it as his son [Karna].

He playing at the bank of the Ganges found in a basket the baby that was abandoned by Kuntî because it was born before she was married. Being sonless he adopted it as his son [Karna]. (Vedabase)

 

Text 14

Oh master of the universe, Vrishasena was Karna's son. From Druhyu [Yayâti's third son] there was a son called Babhru who next begot Setu.

O master of the universe, Vrishasena was Karna's son. Of Druhyu [Yayâti's third son] there was a son Babhru who next begot Setu. (Vedabase)

 

Text 15

Ârabdha who was fathered by him, had the son Gândhâra who begot Dharma. He in his turn had the son Dhrita and from Dhrita there was the son Durmada who gave life to the son Pracetâ who had a hundred sons.

Ârabdha born from him had Gândhâra and of him there was Dharma. He had Dhrita, and of Dhrita there was Durmada of whom the son Pracetâ had a hundred sons. (Vedabase)

  

Text 16

Those kings [called the Pracetâs] accepted the jurisdiction over the north, the uncivilized areas of Mlecchades'a [of the barbarians]. Turvasu [Yayâti's second son] had the son Vahni and he fathered Bharga who begot the son Bhânumân.

They as kings accepted the jurisdiction over the northern direction, the uncivilized area's of Mlecchades'a. Turvasu [Yayâti's second son] had the son Vahni and Vahni had next Bharga who begot Bhânuman. (Vedabase)

 

Text 17

His son Tribhânu, also had one. He was the magnanimous Karandhama. His son was called Maruta. He had no sons and adopted a Paurava [Dushmanta, see also 9.20: 7] as his son.

Tribhânu, his son, had also one: the magnanimous Karandhama. His son was Maruta; he, sonless, adopted a Paurava [Dushmanta, see also 9.20: 7] as his son.(Vedabase)

 

Text 18-19

Dushmanta turned back to his clan [the Purus] because he aspired the throne.

From Yayâti's first son Yadu there was a dynasty oh best of the humans, that I will now describe to you. Oh ruler of man, to hear about the Yadu dynasty is something highly pious that vanquishes all sin[-ful reactions] in human society. Anyone simply hearing this is freed from all [the consequences of  his] sin.

Dushmanta desirous for the throne, turned back to his clan [the Pûrus]. Of Yayânti's first son Yadu there was a dynasty, o best of the humans, that I'll now describe. To hear about the Yadu dynasty is a thing highly pious that vanquishes all sinful reactions in human society. Anyone simply hearing it is freed from the aftermath to sin. (Vedabase)

 

Text 20-21

The Supreme Lord [Krishna], the Supersoul, descended in this dynasty looking just like a human being [see also 1.2: 11]. Yadu fathered four sons who carried the names Sahasrajit, Kroshthâ, Nala and Ripu. S'atajit, the one first born, begot the sons  Mahâhaya, Renuhaya and Haihaya.

In this dynasty descended the Supreme Lord [Krishna], the Supersoul, looking just like a human being [see also S.B. 1.2: 11]. Of Yadu there were the four sons celebrated as Sahasrajit, Kroshthâ, Nala and Ripu, and from them had S'atajit, born from the first of them, as his sons then Mahâhaya, Renuhaya and Haihaya. (Vedabase)

 

Text 22

Dharma was the son of Haihaya and his son Netra was the father of Kunti [not Kuntî]. Sohañji was the son of Kunti and he begot Mahishmân who had the son Bhadrasenaka.

Dharma then became Haihaya's son and his son Netra was the father of Kunti [not Kuntî]. Sohañji became the son of Kunti and he begot Mahishmân who had Bhadrasenaka. (Vedabase)

 

Text 23

Durmada and Dhanaka were the sons begotten by Bhadrasena and Dhanaka gave life to the sons Kritavîrya, Kritâgni, Kritavarmâ and Kritaujâ.

Durmada was born of Bhadrasena together with Dhanaka. Dhanaka fathered the sons Kritavîrya, Kritâgni, Kritavarmâ and Kritaujâ. (Vedabase)

 

Text 24

From Kritavîrya there was Arjuna [Kârtavîryârjuna] who became emperor over the seven continents. From Lord Dattâtreya, an [ams'a-] incarnation of the Supreme Personality, he obtained all the great qualities [the eight siddhis] of yoga  [see also 9.15, 10.73 & 12.3].

Of Kritavîrya there was Arjuna [Kârtavîryârjuna] who became emperor over the seven continents and obtained all the great qualities [the eight siddhis] of yoga from Lord Dattâtreya, an [ams'a-] incarnation of the Supreme Personality [see also 9.15 & 26]. (Vedabase)

 

Text 25

No one on earth could equal Kârtavîrya's qualities of sacrifice, charity, austerity, mystic potency, education, strength and mercy.

There was indeed none to find on this earth who could equal Kâritavîrya in his qualities of sacrifice, charity, austerity, yogîc achievement, education, strength and mercy. (Vedabase)

 

Text 26

[Under his rule] for eighty-five thousand years the six forms of pleasure [as derived from the senses and  the mind] were enjoyed with an undiminished strength, continuous opulence and unfailing memory.

For eighty-five thousand years was his strength without deterioration indeed to be factually inexhaustible and were the six forms of pleasure [to the senses and mind] to be enjoyed in full remembrance and all opulence. (Vedabase)

 

Text 27

In the fight [against Paras'urâma] only five of his thousands of sons remained alive: Jayadhvaja, S'ûrasena, Vrishabha, Madhu and Ûrjita.

Of his thousand sons only five remained alive in the fight [with Paras'urâma]: Jayadhvaja, S'ûrasena, Vrishabha, Madhu and Ûrjita. (Vedabase)

 

Text 28

Jayadhvaja begot the son Tâlajangha who next gave life to a hundred sons. They formed a clan of  kshatriyas known as the Tâlajanghas who were destroyed by the great power [that Mahârâja Sagara] received from sage Aurva [see 9.8: 3-7].

Jayadhvaja had Tâlajangha of whom then a hundred sons were born. They made up a kshatriya clan known as the Tâlajanghas that was destroyed thanks to the power [that Sagara] received from sage Aurva [see 9.8: 3-7]. (Vedabase)

 

Text 29

Tâlajangha's eldest son Vîtihotra, fathered the son Madhu who [also] had a hundred sons. From the well-known eldest one called Vrishni there was the dynasty [carrying that name].

Of Tâlajangha's eldest son Vîtihotra, there was Madhu, who had a hundred sons of whom, the celebrated Vrishni was the eldest. From him there was the dynasty. (Vedabase)

 

Text 30-31

Oh King, the Yâdava, Mâdhava and Vrishni dynasties [of Lord Krishna's ancestors] received their names from their leading personalities. Yadu's son Kroshthâ begot a son called Vrijinavân. His son was Svâhita who next gave life to the son Vishadgu who became the father of Citraratha. Citraratha gave life to S'as'abindu, a great yogi who became a highly fortunate personality who, undefeated as an emperor, enjoyed all the fourteen kinds of great riches [*].

O King, the Yâdava, Mâdhava and Vrishni dynasties [of Lord Krishna's ancestors] received their names from their leading personalities. Yadu's son Kroshthâ had a son with the name Vrijinavân. His son was Svâhita who next had Vishadgu of whom there was Citraratha from whom S'as'abindu took his birth, a great yogî who became a highly fortunate personality who, undefeated as an emperor, had all the fourteen kinds of great riches [*]. (Vedabase)

 

Text 32

S'as'abindu had ten thousand wives and in them the greatly famous one begot ten thousand lakhs [**] of sons [and grandsons].

S'as'abindu had ten thousand wives, and in them he so greatly famous begot ten thousand lakhs [**] of sons [and grandsons]. (Vedabase)

 

Text 33

From them we but know six as the foremost. Prithus'ravâ [one of them] had a son with the name Dharma. Us'anâ, his son, performed a hundred as'vamedha sacrifices.

From them we but know six as the foremost. Prithusravâ [one of them] had a son with the name Dharma. Us'anâ, his son performed a hundred as'vamedha sacrifices. (Vedabase)

 

Text 34

Us'anâ's son Rucaka had five sons named Purujit, Rukma, Rukmeshu, Prithu and Jyâmagha. Please hear now about them.

Of his son Rucaka there were five sons named Pûrujit, Rukma, Rukmeshu, Prithu and Jyâmagha. Please hear about them. (Vedabase)

 

Text 35-36

Jyâmagha was issueless but he nevertheless was afraid to accept another wife because of his wife S'aibyâ. He [one day] took a sensual girl from the camp of an enemy clan home whereupon S'aibyâ, who saw the girl sitting on her seat on the chariot, very angrily said to her husband: 'Who is this you have allowed to sit upon my seat on the chariot, you cheater?'

'She's your daughter-in-law' he then told her. Thereupon she with a smile said to her husband:

Jyâmagha, although he had no sons, was afraid to accept another wife than his wife Saibhya. He then brought a sensual girl from the camp of an enemy clan upon which S'aibyâ seeing the girl sitting on her seat in the chariot very angry said to her husband: 'Who is this you have allowed to sit on my place on the chariot, you cheater?'

'She's your daughter-in-law' he then informed her upon which she smilingly said to her husband: (Vedabase)

 

Text 37

'I am sterile and have no co-wife, how can she then be my daughter-in-law?'

'My Queen', [he replied,] 'This girl will be very suitable for the
son you will give birth to!'
'I am sterile, I have no co-wife, how then can she be my daughter-in-law? What son could you put on this earth?'

'My Queen', [he replied,] 'This girl will be very suitable for him!' (Vedabase)

 

Text 38

With the demigods and ancestors consenting to that [after being propitiated by Jyâmagha], S'aibyâ got pregnant and in due course of time gave birth to a son. That son was the auspicious, well-known Vidharba who later married with the virtuous girl that was accepted as the daughter-in-law.'

With the demigods and ancestors [as propitiated by Jyâmagha] accepting that statement got S'aibyâ pregnant and gave she in due course of time birth to a son. That son was the auspicious, wellknown Vidharba who later married the chaste girl that was accepted as the daughter-in-law. (Vedabase)

 

*: In the Mârkandeya Purâna the fourteen kinds of great jewels of an emperor are described as follows: (1) an elephant, (2) a horse, (3) a chariot, (4) a wife, (5) arrows, (6) a reservoir of wealth, (7) a garland, (8) valuable costumes, (9) trees, (10) a spear, (11) a noose, (12) jewels, (13) an umbrella, and (14) regulative principles.

**: One lakh is one hundred thousand.

 

 

 

 

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